(2007) mentioned that it is important to have a clear research strategy (design), a general plan of how the researcher will go about answering the research questions. Research strategy should contain clear objectives derived from the research questions; also, it should identify the sources from which the researcher intends to collect data. Sekaran (2003) pointed out that research design involves a series of rational decisions. These are: identifying the purpose of the study, whether it is exploratory, descriptive or hypothesis testing; identifying the type of investigation; deciding the extent of the researcher’s intervention; identifying the study setting; deciding measurement and measures; deciding data analysis; deciding data collection methods; deciding time horizon; deciding sampling design; identifying the unit of analysis. Accordingly, the choice of research design depends on the research questions, objectives and research philosophy.
A research proposal should include an introduction of the research project. It should start to have ideas that are ought to be defined and refined in the process. The scope and delimitations of the study should be included as it is one of the most important steps in conducting a research project. The conceptual framework should take place in this part of the research proposal. Secondly, the proposal should also specify its aims and objectives.
3.2 Definitions and Purpose of Research Hussey and Hussey (2003) concluded that in spite of the significance of research activity, there is no agreed definition in the current literature on how the term should be defined Research stands on the intent to create new knowledge, and any attempt to increase the sum of what is known, usually referred to as ‘a body of knowledge’. According to Williams (2007), research is sometimes erroneously regarded as the gathering information, documenting of facts, and rummaging through previously collected data for information. Contrary to this opinion, research is the process of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data in order to understand a phenomenon (Leedy & Omrod, 2005). Therefore, the researcher needs to be able to argue convincingly that new knowledge that is valuable has been added to the body of knowledge ( Sekaran , 2003). However, according to Sekaran (2003) research can be defined as, “an organized, systemic, data- based, critical, scientific inquiry or investigation into a specific problem, undertaken with the objective of finding answers or solutions to
It is an unproven statement or proposition about a factor or phenomenon that is of interest to the researcher. An important role of a hypothesis is to suggest variables to be included in the research design. There are two types of hypotheses, descriptive (stating existence, size, form or distribution) while relational hypotheses (describing relationship of two variables). The role of hypothesis in research includes guideline, limiting what is to be studied and what is not, identify facts, suggest as the most appropriate form of research design and provides a framework for organising the conclusion. A good hypothesis consists of adequate for its purpose and
Research Methodology This chapter will be based on the methodology used for carrying out this study. It will be answering the research questions in section 1. The research design will be presented as well as the research paradigm. The data collection tools will be studied and data analysis will be described. The reliability and validity of this study will also be described.
Concept 1:- concept of RESEARCH This concept is taken from module 1 title basic research terms and concepts of research Research according to the advanced learner’s dictionary of current English is a careful investigation of inquiry especially thorough search for new facts in any branch of knowledge. Polit and Beck (2012), state that research is a scientific process. It is scientific because the results are verifiable. It is a systematic search for answers to question about fact and relationship between facts. Burns & Grove(1997) in Akinsola (2005) opined that the root meaning of the word research is to search again or to examine carefully.
…… … Until 1960s the term research and the term design "was known" as an independent science. Research is Systematic investigation into a problem or situation, where the intention is to identify facts and/or opinions that will assist in solving the problem or dealing with the situation and Design is wide science, includes learn the process of human centered problem solving from the perspective of Industrial Design. If the design combines with research it gives a Design Research! So, what is design research? Why it uses?
Research process is an orderly and systematic process that requires more art than science through thought and patience. It is also a multiple step process where steps are interlinked in the process. It provides necessary foundations and skills to locate information to complete a good
The research will be both descriptive and explanatory. The research is descriptive as it attempts to answer the question of what risk management practices should be included in construction projects planning phase. The research is explanatory as it seeks to show why such risk management practices affect the project performance. The research will attempts to predict, correlate a risk management practices at planning stage with project performance. The research has a cross sectional design, which involves getting views of respondents or informants at one point in time.
Research can verify or refine previous research studies. But generally, research is used to gather information for business, professional or personal decision making. (Maddock, J. E., & Reger-Nash, B., 2008). 2.0 What is formative research? Formative research is one of the most important element of facilitating the design of programs and services.