Digestion of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats continues in the small intestine. Starch and glycogen are broken down into maltose. Proteases (enzymes secreted from the pancreas) continue the breakdown of protein into small peptide fragments and some amino acids. Bile emulsifies fats, facilitating their breakdown into progressively smaller fat globules until they can be acted upon by lipases. Bile contains cholesterol, phospholipids, bilirubin, and a mix of salts.
Foods of various types have different ways of breaking down when in contact with the body’s stomach acid. The digestive system is a series of organs that make up what is called the GI tract. The GI tract contains the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, anus, liver, pancreas, and gallbladder. The digestive system works as the food travels through each of the organs and uses bacteria to help with the digestion. The GI tract and bacteria help to break down and digest the food and liquids you eat and drink each day in order to get the nutrients.
Proteus bacilli are widely distributed in nature as saprophytes, being found in moldering animal matter, sewage, manure soil, the mammalian intestine, and human and animal body waste. They are opportunistic pathogens, commonly responsible for urinary and septic infections. The urinary tract infections involving struvite stones are characteristic. By producing urease, Proteus spp. can hydrolyze urea into ammonia and carbon dioxide, and therefore raise urinary pH.
Once in the human body the cysts are activated by the acid in the stomach which leads to excystment in the small intestine. Upon oocyst excystation, four sporozoites (its motile infectious agents) are released these then adhere their apical ends to the surface of the intestinal mucosa.  Which is shown in
Decomposition is a process that a specimen undergoes after death in which the body slowly starts to decay. In each specimen different parts of the body begin to decompose at different times. There are many factors that come into play in decomposition such as, how the specimen died, internal temperatures, the body size, and so on. As mentioned before different organs go through different decomposition processes, and when it comes to the brain it undergoes liquefaction. Liquefaction of the brain is a process where the brain begins to generate liquids because of the breakdown of its cells and lipids.
It is a strong mineral acid with many industrial uses. Hydrochloric acid is naturally found in the gastric juices of the stomach. The most important role of hydrochloric acid is to break down the foods and cause the release of enzymes that further
Liposuction technique Liposuction is also popular as Lipoplasty which is a cosmetic procedure that involves breaking down the fat cells from various parts of the body. Most commonly liposuction is used on the abdomen, thighs, buttocks, neck, chin, upper arms, back, etc. In this particular cosmetic procedure, a hollow instrument is used which is called cannula is inserted under the skin through the incisions. The cannula is used to loosen the fatty cells and help in the fat emulsification process. Then a powerful vacuum suction is used to suck out the liquefied fat from the body.
The absolute most normal causes include: • Inward breath or ingestion of micro-organisms that make bothering the sinuses and influence the invulnerable framework. • Bacterial development in the sinuses because of blockages and bodily fluid development. The cilia of the sinus layers are not ready to work appropriately because of bacterial action, and this causes swelling of the films. • At the point when allergens enter the aviation routes, they can aggravate the sinus films and prompt swelling and irritation. Some normal allergens incorporate dust, and dirt • Viral diseases can influence the cilia and cause an amassing of bodily fluid in the sinus depressions.
You are coughing up blood. Summary A chemical inhalation injury happens when a person breathes in (inhales) fumes or particles from chemicals that damage the throat, airways, or lungs (respiratory tract). Chemical inhalation injuries occur most often during fires or work accidents. Chemicals that may be harmful are also found in many common household cleaners and other products. Oxygen therapy is the main treatment for this injury.
BOTULINUM TOXIN The neurotoxins produced by the Clostridia species are among the most potent toxins known. Botulinum toxin, BoNT, is a poisonous substance produced within living cells by Clostridium Botulinum bacteria. Botulism poisoning results most frequently from the ingestion of contaminated food. Food must be cooked for a sufficient length of time, at 248 °F, for the heat resistant spores to die. Botulism also may result from a wound infection or enter the body v via the pulmonary tract, inhalational botulism (Dembek 339).
Lysosomes digest the toxins so they can be safely eliminated by the cell. Peroxisomes contain oxidases and catalases that detoxify substances like alcohol and neutralize free radicals. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum (ER) also contains enzymes that detoxify certain drugs (such as alcohol). 3. Mrs. Fender’s jaundice is caused by the accumulation of bilirubin in her blood and tissues.
The virulence of the plague bacillus—that is, its ability to multiply in the tissues of its host and cause death—is remarkably stable and vigorous. Once ingested by a flea, it multiplies until the insect’s digestive tract is blocked. When the flea bites another rodent or a human, bacilli are regurgitated into the new host and migrate through the lymphatic system to lymph nodes. There they are able produce proteins that disrupt the normal inflammatory response and that prevent their digestion by infection-fighting macrophages. With the host’s immune response thus weakened, the bacilli quickly colonize the lymph nodes, producing a painful swelling and, eventually, destroying the tissue.