The infectious disease can remain in the air, on the surface, and objects for several hours after an affected person leave the room. Haelle mention Mark Schleiss, he is a director of Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases at the University of Minnesota Medical School,
Follow up of the case and trials. Data Gathered: Duration of outbreak, Gender involved, Race, Community ,Geographical area, Social Status, Economical status, Religious Belief, Staple Diet, Environmental Factors, External Factors like wars, land disputes, anxiety , Social status and vulnerability of the
According to Ron Dagan, acute otitis media (middle ear infection) are most common in kids 3 months old to 3 years old. (Dagan p. 1). In Clinical Bacteriology of Recurrent Otitis Media with Effusion, it states, “antibiotic resistance has increased due to indiscriminate overuse and misuse of antibiotics.” The overuse of an antibiotic and/or using the wrong antibiotic to treat the sickness has made bacteria more resistant to the antibiotics. Later on in the passage, Dagan adds, “we collected nine hundred middle ear fluid samples for six hundred fifty four pediatric patients who underwent ventilation tube insertion due to OME…”
Howard Ricketts (1). Infection produces a small to medium-sized vessel vasculitis manifesting in the classic clinical triad of fever, headache and rash (1). Prompt diagnosis and treatment results in an excellent prognosis; however, patients who experience a delay in diagnosis may have increased morbidity and mortality. Patients with altered mental status and coma secondary to RMSF are at increased risk of death or poor neurological recovery (2). There are two prior case reports of pediatric patients with RMSF who had a MRI of the brain with findings typical of the “starry sky” appearance (3,4).
Brain Contusion In the following essay I will be explaining what a brain contusion is, along with the causes, signs and symptoms, and prognosis. A brain contusion is a bruise of the brain tissue. Just like a bruise that happens on other parts of the body, a brain contusion is caused by a blood vessel leak.
Its clinical manifestations are non- specific and may vary widely from asymptomatic cases to systemic infections. In many cases, infected hosts were asymptomatic; however, it can also be clinically manifested in four forms based on organs and tissues affected, as well as their signs and symptoms. These are visceral larva migrans, ocular larva migrans, neurological toxocariasis, and covert toxocariasis (Despommier, 2003; Magnaval et al., 2001; Roldan et al., 2010). Furthermore, toxocariasis has also been known to cause blindness, hepatomegaly, liver necrosis, spleen enlargement, and pulmonary symptoms. It is also known to affect the neuropsychological performance and cognitive development of the infected human hosts.
According to The National Institute of Neurological Disorder and Stroke (2007), “Encephalitis lethargica is a disease characterized by high fever, headache, double vision, delayed physical and mental response, and lethargy. In acute cases, patients may enter coma and behavioral changes including psychosis. The cause of encephalitis lethargica is unknown.” Technically a patient suffering from this is bound to be experiencing the difficulties as stated above. Given the fact that the causative agent of this is still unknown gives almost no justification to the origins of the disease.
3. Glomma is the commonest primary brain tumor and originates from supporting brain cells that are called glial cells and 50% of all brain tumors begin as benign tumors. 4. Another brain tumor called ‘Astrocytoma’s’ are so named because their cells look like stars; the word ‘Astor’ in Latin means "star". 5.
Introduction: Syringomyelia arising from the expansion of the central canal located in the center of the medulla spinalis are rarely seen formations. The incidence is higher soon after Arnold Chiari Malformation and past spinal trauma. It may occur after the spinal cord is under the influence of external compression, when there are cord-related tumoral formations and after the cerebral spinal fluid, (CSF) dynamics in the central canal are disturbed. Although different theories have been described in its pathogenesis, a precise definition has yet to be made which can explain the development mechanism of isolated syringomyelia.
In fact, 93 percent of all cases of nodding syndrome are from areas where onchocerciasis is prevalent (WHO, Feb. 14, 2012). Nodding syndrome stunts mental growth in children between five and 15 years old, and lead to disturbed levels of consciousness and cognitive impairment later in life. In rare cases, some with nodding syndrome may even develop epilepsy. The affected individuals were often seen tied around trees, many became victims of criminal acts. Furthermore, onchocerciasis also promote other diseases by degrading the skin of individuals to such an extent that injections cannot be administered (WHO,
Determinants of Pneumonia in children Indonesia study case Introduction Pneumonia commonly is caused by bacteria such as Streptococcus pneumoniae ,Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcus aureus, and some strains of respiratory virus like influenza, parainfluenza, and adenovirus (NCID, 2005). This disease in children is characterized by cough with difficult or rapid breathing and chest indrawing. (Wardlaw et al, 2006) Pneumonia contributes greatly for children death below 5 year in the world. Figure 1 describes that more than 10 million children in the world die before they reach their fifth birthday.