The first source directly describes the story of the Qin Dynasty, and its subsequent rise from a group of lowly soldiers in the far-west of the old Zhou Kingdom to its unification of all the Chinese States to become the very first of the Chinese Empires. The mastermind of this unification was Ying Zheng, who would later give himself the title Qin Shi Huang-Di which translates to, “First Sovereign Emperor of Qin.” Ying Zheng, and his short-lived dynasty, would create the foundation of all Chinese administration and government structure for the next two-thousand years. This base included: the abolishment of the feudal system, centralization of state powers, a rigid system of laws, standardization of the writing system, and the creation of provinces
The Han dynasty Empire and the Roman empire stood large and mighty at the start of the Common Era, with the two kingdoms controlling an unprecedented mass amount of populations under their reign. Both kingdoms rose as predecessors from previous political systems that extended lands under one rule, with the Roman Republic expansion in Europe after the Punic wars and the Qin state achieving conquest over six other nearby states creating the first imperial China in east Asia. The heavy hand of the Qin dynasty and the assassination of Rome’s beloved general, Julius Caesar, by the Roman senate, threw both kingdoms into rebellion, ushering in centuries of imperialistic rule for both in their respective timelines. Both developed innovations in city development and Military conquest that nations looked to for millenniums to come.
China, up until the Qin Dynasty, consisted of independent states controlled by kings fighting each other for land and power. This time period was called The Era of Warring States, which lasted two hundred years. After this time, the Qin Dynasty rose to power. They conquered all other dynasties, and established a centralized government, unifying China for the first time. The dynasty that succeeded the Qin, the Han, continued the centralized government and they started a westward expansion that would encourage trade and cultural diffusion. The Qin and Han Dynasties were similar in that they both believed in a strong centralized government, which strengthened and unified their empires, but they differed in that the Qin followed the strict Legalism while the Han followed the more flexible Confucianism, and the way they interacted with outsiders; the Qin tended to be more defensive of outsiders while the Han were more interactive and wanted to build relationships with foreigners.
In the mountains of Shaanxi, China, farmers came across one of the most significant archeological findings of all time. Hidden under what was thought a mountain, was the discovery of Emperor Qin Shihuangdi’s tomb. The significance of the tomb shows Qin’s power he possessed over his people. Inside were over 8,000 Terra Cotta clay soldiers along with horses, carts, merchants, weapons and chariots made from different medal. In all, over 700,000 people were used to build the tomb and it was built in just 38 years. This discovery reveals an immense amount of information about early Chinese civilization.
One of the difference between the Qin and the Han dynasty is that Qin dynasty practiced Legalism and the Han dynasty practiced Confucianism. For the Han dynasty, in Document 3, states that they had a exam system of giving opportunities for everyone across the dynasty who has outstanding moral and learning to have a chance to have a role in the government, which shows that the Han dynasty emperor gave more opportunities to the commoners. For the Qin in Document 2, says that the people follow the rules, and there are no trouble because the people understand what happens when they do not follow the rules, which leads to punishments. Which shows that the Qin dynasty had strict rules for people to just obey for the government and have no say. Taking
Qin Shi Huang-Di has left a large impact on China, and by extension the world, that has lasted many years. Qin created the foundation of the Chinese country of today. Some scholars even believe that without Qin Shi Huang-Di, there would be no China at all (Gracie). Qin’s impact on the world was the creation of an entire country, a pretty impressive feat. Especially in his time, when nothing like China had ever been created before, his unification and reformation of China into a lasting country is inspiring. Qin is sometimes credited “with establishing the world’s first truly centralized bureaucratic empire” (Gracie). Furthermore, his format of a centralized bureaucratic empire would be the basis for many other empires and countries that would
The Han Dynasty in China and the Roman Empire shared many similarities and differences when it came to political rule and the nature of their political authority. The most significant difference between the two is how the Han dynasty enacted policies that were shaped to counter the wrongdoings of the previous Qin dynasty, whereas the Roman Empire enacted policies shaped to create and promote peace and stability. The difference in the two empire’s coming to power was to account for their variance in political rule.
There where many factors that led China to political unification in contrast to India. One factor is, dynasties such as the Zhou Dynasty who kept the same political system as its predecessors, where India had changed many things and continued to change political and social systems. India was very fragmented in political unification because, India was and still is a land of diversity. Ancient India was also not as organized as Ancient China in ruling. When the Zhou kingdom had started to end and break apart into many powerful states a “relativity young state of Qin located in the original homeland of the Zhou, emerged as a key player in conflicts”(p. 78) that would eventually bring down the Zhou Dynasty and give way to the Qin Dynasty where it was ruled with ruthless efficiency(p.79).
Was the emperor Qin Shihuangdi really a tyrant or a national hero? Qin Shihuangdi was 13 when he began ruling. The state was already powerful because of the previous ruler. Emperor Qin Shihuangdi did a lot of good deeds so some people consider him a national hero; however, others consider him a tyrant because he also did a lot of selfish deeds. In my opinion, Qin Shihuangdi was a tyrant for a couple of reasons.
Between the 200 B.C.E - 750 B.C. Erra years there ruled two empires both alike in dignity, the great Roman Empire and the Qin and Han Empires. Both began forming their empires into a centralized dictatorship, administered by a large and effective bureaucracy. Similarly in reaching their climax of final ruling, their economics and military increased. Both empires were not only able to to expand their territory vastly, but also dividing the empires into provinces governed by officials while doing so. The empires took on competing rivals, the Romans fought against Greece triumphing into success. Unlike the Qin and Han Empire, the Qin empire vanished after Shi Huangdi ended the feudal decentralization of the warring states.
The essay will compare and contrast government between the Qin dynasty and the Tang dynasty. Both Dynasties have a great influences in Chinese Dynasty History. First of all, the Qin was the first dynasty of imperial China, lasting from 221 to 206 BCE. Its founder was Qin Shi Huang Di, who created the title “Huang Di” and this title was wildly used by later dynasties. During the Qin period, the administrator was seeking to create an imperial state which was consolidated by highly centralized imperial power and the ruler put heavy tax to support military power. However, the Qin dynasty did not late long due to its heavy control and rigorous bureaucracy. Despite its rapid fall, the Qin had a great impact on future dynasty’s governing system. Anther
Qin Dynasty was the initially bound together, multi-national and force concentrated state in the Chinese history. It kept going from 221 BC to 207 BC. Albeit surviving just 15 years, the tradition held an essential part in Chinese history and it applied awesome impact on the accompanying administrations. Just two heads, Yingzheng - Emperor Qin Shi Huang, the first sovereign in the Chinese history, and his child Hu Hai ever governed the state, which was at long last toppled by the general population 's uprising. Amid the late Warring States Period (476 BC - 221 BC), the condition of Qin was in its full improvement. At the point when Yingzheng was in his rule, he vanquished the other six states (Han, Zhao, Wei, Yan, Chu and Qi), from 230 BC to 221 BC. So finishing the bedlam brought on by wars among vassals that had kept going more than 500 years. He set up a bound together and unified nation and announced Xianyang, in Shaanxi Province, the capital city of the Qin.
ruled with autocracy which is where the government has unlimited power and runs their dynasty similar to a tyrant. When Shi Huangdi built the Great Wall of China, he forced laborers to work on the wall or die. The Qin dynasty was not afraid of cruelty and Confucian scholars were given no mercy. Because the Qin were legalists, any citizen who broke the law was executed. The emperor was hated for burning books and for forcing citizens to work on the wall. Shi Huangdi helped China centralize which unified them at the cost of human freedom.
The Hsia Dynasty considered the first dynasty in China. However this dynasty is legendary because there is little archeological evidence to support existence. It is dated from 2205 BCE to 1760 BCE. According to the legend Yu was the wise king who invented a way to control flooding of the Huang He River so that people could live there. Since there is very little evidence to support the story, the second dynasty, called the Shang Dynasty, is the first one recorded