These types of references build and establish credibility for your research. Otherwise, the paper loses credibility. In cyberspace, there is a plethora of information to be found. However, it is not always reliable or credible. Additionally, using scholarly references provides the proof, through expert testimonies and expert research, that an issue is indeed a credible issue worthy of research, and in this instance, that the issue is a contemporary societal concern, as well as revealing why it is a concern to
This would positively bring discredit upon the supervisors. The authors narrated a little less about the cultural difference among communities in their study. Culture upbringing play integral parts on individuals’ lives. Therefore, I would like to see more research to be conducted on this subject where questions of culture and heritage is included in the
In Is American Psychological Research Generalizable to Other Cultures, two psychologist, Gerald Haeffel and Jeffery Arnett discuss their reason for supporting their beliefs on the topic of American psychological research generalization to other cultures. This is an important topic within psychology because the decision on what to do will affect how psychologist are allowed to do studies and it could also possible make it harder to construct research because the participant will be harder to find. This will be harder because right now most psychological research is done at colleges and university and that will not be able to happen if they need to find people and participants from all over the world. Summary: In this reading they are discussing
However, only being reflexive on one’s role as a researcher is not enough to remove the present power relations between researcher and respondent. Consequently, it is important to use strategies that are sensitive to the power imbalances and allow social research to connect with social change. Standpoint epistemology is presented by Sprague (2005) as one method to help to overcome the biases and power imbalances within research. This method is challenging the researchers authority to set the agenda, prioritize respondents of being the “knowledge-producer” and decide how to interpret and disseminate the results, among other things (Sprague, 2005). Ultimately, the researcher is the primary tool in qualitative research and thus, both England (1994) and Sprague (2005) argue that reflexivity is imperative to understand how the findings are presented and how knowledge is
The counter claim of this issue is that it is possible to attain knowledge from history despite biases. History tries to make us understand facts but to prove them we need to perform experiments that might fail but give us a clue of how to try it by another way. When opposing ideas and beliefs come together, people come together to share their knowledge or debate about it. It could maybe bring us closer to the
It is also worth noting that although some classic old documents can be referenced, more new literatures should be cited. With the rapid development of science, many old views have been no longer applicable. In general, with respect to peer review studies, scholars evaluate quality of article directly on the basis of their professional knowledge. Rather, with regard to citation studies, to determine the impact of a particular article by bibliometric methods (Tony, 2004)
Such distraction may have interfered with the participant’s concentration and thus skewed the results. However, it must be acknowledged that the validity of the Stroop Effect when tested in a university laboratory was being examined. If one was to develop this study further is would be recommended to omit this aspect of the experiment. Instead it might be better to focus on the various ways in which the Stroop Effect can be tested by extending the methodology (reading aloud and categorizing colours rather than simply naming them) and by increasing sample
The direct realism believe that our sense which captures the world is reliable. The information collected from our sensations is sufficient for an accurate research result. Meanwhile, critical realism believe the world to be in a multi-level. Standing in a different level to conduct a research can even generate a contrasting understanding of the underlying research phenomena. In critical realism, our sensation could deceive us so that being in another level of structures, procedures and process is able to fundamentally change the research result.
The idea of confirmability is the subjective concern to what is objective. Here, strides must be taken to guarantee beyond what many would consider possible that the findings are the really the outcome rather than what the researcher wanted it to be (Patton, 2015). The confirmability concept is our comparable concern to objectivity. We assure this by providing and presenting the research findings and the result of the experiences and ideas of our qualified respondents rather than to our preference and characteristics’ viewpoint. The test for those included in teaching courses in research strategies lies in guaranteeing that those examining undertaking qualitative research are not just mindful of the reactions commonly made by its detractors yet they are additionally cognizant of the procurements which can be made to address matters, for example, validity, transferability, reliability and confirmability.
There is a common consensus among them that a meaningful world can always be projected not through a process of mythos-making but rather through the operation of various versions of the same story in a certain text or the interaction of the text itself with other texts within it. Intertextuality has particularly permeated the theoretical framework of literary journalism. Julia Kristeva, Mikhail Bakhtin and Roland Barthes are among the major critics who seek to give a thorough definition of the term, “intertextuality.” According to Kristeva, “Any text is constructed as a mosaic of quotations; any text is the absorption and transformation of another. The notion of intertextuality replaces that of inter-subjectivity, and poetic language is read as at least double” (66, Original italics). It is obvious that this definition aptly recapitulates the main characteristics of intertextuality.
Pulling on my personal experience working within agencies that provide IOP services or addiction services, most often focus on group work to address issues. Lundahl et al (2010) suggest that in this environment MI could be less effective in promoting change. The environment which clinicians practice has a significant role in the modalities chosen for intervention, with frameworks such as MI, the environment can be counterproductive to the application and success of the intervention, despite best intentions of the
(U.S. Government 2009) As an example, providing an analyst an opportunity to review the work of someone else potentially lead to missed ideas, opportunities, or solutions because they view the data with different rationalities and individual motives. Considering alternative options opens a door and ideas where possible arguments and contrasting hypotheses lead to healthy debates. There are downfalls to this technique where people could take offense and shut down due to built up tension but I feel it is worth the extra resources if possible developments are noteworthy. Everybody comes from different backgrounds and personal beliefs, which shape the involuntary thinking process. This weeks lessons paved the way for us to think about different options when analyzing ourselves and others and what each are capable of.