For this research, Quantitative study was used as it involved deduction. Hypotheses was formulated; the dependent and independent variables were identified which assisted in measurements of objectives. Data was collected by using close-ended questionnaires. 5.1 Research paradigm According to the requirements of research question, it was decided that it would be appropriate to choose the positivism approach as the philosophical assumption and research paradigm for the study. Besides this, the quantitative approach was used during this research.
Under inferential statistics, reliability analysis and a logistic regression has been done. Descriptive statistics are used to represent analyzed data in a meaningful and a clear way. 4.2 Reliability Test. Reliability analysis for this research allowed studying the properties of measurements and scales and the items that compose scales. Reliability analysis calculates number of commonly
This course has taught me that these statistics can involve the following, hypothesis development and testing, selection of appropriate statistical tests, and evaluating statistical results. This paper will explore the two types of statistics and
The data collection and analysis will be guided primarily by a grounded theory from an inductive perspective. Therefore, the research findings is dependent on the collection, examination and process of all data. The research question has its descriptive nature. According to Lincoln and Guba(1985), qualitative research and quantitative research should be judged by different criteria. The trustworthiness of quantitative researches comprises of reliability, objectivity and internal and external validity while qualitative
Introduction Qualitative research are those kind of researches that an outcome is obtained without the application of statistical methods of data analysis (Strauss and Corbin, 1990 cited in Golafshani, 2003). However, the qualitative research takes a direct approach, where the researchers arrive at a conclusion through the observation of events as they occur naturally without external interferences (Golafshani, 2003). Ethical and methodological issues may arise, therefore in order to demonstrate the legitimacy of Qualitative research it is important to integrate rigour and trustworthiness. Potential ethical issues There is the need to take into consideration ethical issues that may arise from conducting qualitative researches. In each country the public Health system is governor under the national laws, without the proper consent whether formal or informal consent, may result in issues with confidentiality.
Daniel Riff introduced in his book the major definition and compiled their aspects into his own. He says: “Quantitative content analysis is the systematic and replicable examination of symbols of communication, which have been assigned numeric values according to valid measurement rules, and the analysis of relationships involving those values using statistical methods, to describe the communication, draw inferences about its meaning, or infer from the communication
Conversely, Crotty (1998) posited that qualitative approach to research accentuates on systematic protocols and methods, where subjective parameters of the researcher are crafted into the fact findings and its concluding part. Responses were scripted and effectively made use of in order to map out formidable mechanisms to address the issues mentioned earlier as regards the specific objectives in consonance with the research questions. Five-Point Likert’s scale was employed to develop the questionnaire in order to allow respondents to fish out the disparities in the responses vis-à-vis ensuring they had a myriad of options. The Likert scale was chosen because it has been successfully utilized in similar studies within the
A given test has the content validity developed it by carefully selecting the items so as to comply with the test specifications that are drawn up by thoroughly examining the subject domain. Examples include the use of statistical means to find out from the participants if the construct was
Introduction_______________________________________________________________ In this essay I will attempt to critically analyse the above statement by accessing the validity and reliability in a number of assessments. First of all we need to pass a critical eye over both validity and reliability. The statement above states that these are the foundations of underpinning assessments. But what exactly does validity and reliability mean? The definitions for these terms are, Reliability is the extent to which an "experiment, test, or any measuring procedure yields the same results on repeated trials.