The authors describe the straw man fallacy as an argument when a writer constructs a misinterpreted version of an argument that distorts its original meaning and intentions in order to criticizes it as if it were the real argument (401). The either/or fallacy is explained as two choices that are presented as if they are the only two choices and there are no other options or anything in-between (401). The authors describe the false analogy fallacy as an argument that takes advantage of similarities between entities to provide a basis for the inference that these entities might also share some other property (401). Latin is used to title another logical fallacy, Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc, meaning "After this, therefore, because of this." This is a belief that because event B happened after event A it was a result by event A (401).
Within the article “MacArthur ‘Genius’ Angela Duckworth Responds To A New Critique Of Grit”, by Anya Kamenetz, it is revealed that an assistant professor by the name of Marcus Crede believes grit is not as important as it is chalked up to be. This bold statement however is reasonably backed up with direct claims towards Angela Duckworth and her well known award winning theory. For example, Crede states that, “ The impact of grit is exaggerated, especially when looking at broader populations of people- not just the high achievers in Duckworth’s initial studies”. Crede’s reasoning in this statement is highly admirable seeing that he has made quite the point. In truth Duckworth focused on a group of primarily high achievers and failed to recognize
But I feel like there are other trends observed which still maintain my original position. Socrates: Please enlighten me as I am oblivious to all this. John: Men tend to think more systemically (Helgeson, 2016) which can be much more beneficial in a lot of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) which is reflected in how more males tend to go into these courses in university. Socrates: Would this mean that females are not able to think
Aristotle distinguished rhetoric as persuasion and black–and–white morality. Plato differentiates rhetoric as flattery and discovery truth. Aristotle's view of rhetoric is through an equation of dialectic plus rhetoric equals to persuasion. Aristotle is characterized as superfluous through the way of present rhetoric. For an instant, in page 178 "Rhetoric is the counterpart of dialect".Although rhetoric can be a subject
Pinker argues that men have both a superior inbuilt aptitude for STEM and a greater affinity for STEM-favoring motivations, whereas Spelke maintains that the operative force in keeping women out of STEM is societal discrimination. It is also worth noting that neither scholar claims absolute accuracy over this debate. More precisely, Pinker concedes that social discrimination may be a factor at play in the STEM disparity, and Spelke recognizes that genetic differences exist between the sexes. To comprehensively and straightforwardly address all salient points in this debate, I will consider the intrinsic aptitude and motivational differences debates
They feel contentment but individuality and passion push brilliant individuals to discover more scientifically. Beauty lies in truth. From art to science, the world craves depth and substance. The shallow happiness the New World Society shares fall short of actual depth. Mustapha Mond supplies John with many logical reasons to hide art, scientific progress, and genuine
Drive is a pooled energy source. This was examined by varying two needs simultaneously and showing that they both activated the same response. While Hull 's theory was popular during the middle part of the 20th-century, it began to fall out of favor due to a number of reasons. Because of his emphasis on quantifying his variables in such a narrowly defined way, his theory lacks generalizability. However, his emphasis on rigorous experimental techniques and scientific methods did have an important influence in the field of psychology.
Ultimately, a new view on intelligence should be adopted, providing more people opportunity in their lives to be successful. IQ is a term that is often associated with intelligence and success, but in reality, there is no correlation. When “[Lewis] Terman came out with his fourth volume of Genetic Studies of Genius, the word ‘genius’ had all but vanished. ‘We have seen,’ Terman concluded, with more than a touch of disappointment, ‘that intellect and achievement are far from correlated.’”(Gladwell 90). Lewis Terman was a scientist who lead a study of the correlation between IQ and success.
This strengthens his ethos, as it makes him more relatable to the audience, which would not be the case, had he been a perfect and polished professor. Pathos is the form of appeal that is used the most. First of all by using the story about “Ellen”, where we feel very sorry for her, or maybe even have known someone like her, and second of all by the theme itself, as the theme of wanting to be a kinder person, probably is a topic that many people have thought about, and relate to. Logos is not that visible in the speech, but is still present because he several times displays knowledge of different historical subjects such as Darwinism, Shakespeare and
Migration is a social process in which human agency and social networks play a major part. Migration and social security recently is being more concerned subject because it gives rise to fears of loss of state control in recent days. After the end of cold war refugees flows and internal migration increased. It has closely linked the North-South relationship and also helped the social transformation process globally (Castles 2003). So to understand a contemporary society’s forced migration a detailed analysis is must.