Qualitative Research: Hypotlying Reasons And Methods

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Qualitative research
Qualitative research is basically exploratory research. It is used to gain an understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations. It provides awareness into the problem or helps to develop ideas or hypotheses for potential quantitative research. Qualitative Research is also used to display trends in thought and opinions, and dive deeper into the problem. Qualitative data collection methods alter using unstructured or semi-structured techniques. Some common methods include focus groups , individual interviews, and participation/observations. The sample size is typically small, and respondents are selected to attaina given quota.

Purpose & Objectives
1. To gain an understanding of underlying reasons and motivations
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Ans:-
There are different research models:
1. Quantitative research
2. Qualitative research

1. Quantitative Research
Quantitative research is a formal, objective, systematic process in which numerical data are used to obtain information about the world. This research method is used: to describe variables, to examine relationships among variables; to determine cause and effect interactions between variables.
2. Qualitative Research
Qualitative Research is primarily exploratory research. It is used to gain an understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations. It provides insights into the problem or helps to develop ideas or hypotheses for potential quantitative research.

Methodologies Of Quantitative and Qualitative
1. Experimental Research
Experimental research is commonly used in sciences such as sociology and psychology, physics, chemistry, biology and medicine etc.
2. Analytical Research
It is a specific type of research that involves critical thinking skills and the evaluation of facts and information relative to the research being conducted.

3. Descriptive
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Data are distinct pieces of information, usually formatted in a special way. In database management systems, data files are the files that store the database information.
Variables
Variables are names that are given to the variance we wish to explain. In experiments, variables are called dependent and independent variables respectively. The dependent variable is the variable a researcher is interested in. The changes to the dependent variable are what the researcher is trying to measure with all their fancy techniques. An independent variable is a variable believed to affect the dependent variable. This is the variable that you, the researcher, will manipulate to see if it makes the dependent variable change.
Risk assessment
Most institutions will require some sort of risk assessment to be completed before the research starts. The timing of this may vary between institutions some will require risk assessment before the proposal is signed off, and can be submitted to the funder; others will require a risk assessment only after funding has been secured for the

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