Expectancy theory proposes that people engage in particular behaviors based on the probability that the behavior will be followed by a certain outcome and the value of that outcome (Vroom, 1964).Transactional leadership stems from more traditional views of workers and organizations, and it involves the position power of the leader to use followers for task completion (Burns, 1978).Leadership, then, is not only the process and activity of the person who is in a leadership position, but also encompasses the environment this leader creates and how this leader responds to the surroundings, as well as the particular skills and activities of the people being led. Transformational leadership, however, searches for ways to help motivate followers by satisfying higher-order needs and more fully engaging them in the process of the work (Bass, 1985).Goal setting theory takes a somewhat different approach, suggesting that people are motivated to achieve goals, and their intentions drive their behavior (Locke, 1968).Additional motivation theories include expectancy theory, equity theory, goal setting, and
DOES LEADERSHIP MAKE A DIFFERENCE TO THE ORGANISATIONAL PERFORMANCE? “Leadership is a process by which an executive imaginatively directs guides and influences the work of others in choosing and attaining specified goals by mediating between the individuals and the organization in such a manner that both will obtain maximum satisfaction.” -Theo Haimann Leadership is an extensive subject of research for various organizations. It is sometimes closely related to management. However, management and leadership are very different from each other. Management works IN a system, leadership works ON the system.
Gwyndolyn Nunnelee MG401 Final 1. Leadership is defined as the interaction between 2 or more of a group involved in a situation, where a relationship exists as one member emerges as leader for the purpose of group goal attainment (Pierce & Newstrom, 2011). Leadership is context in which members identify the needs of a situation, the expectations, the goal to be achieved, and the emergence of one member that differentiates from the norm of the group, and provides some level of influence over others to direct the group to a new outcome, typically goal attainment (Pierce & Newstrom, 2011). Leadership is the development of relationships between members of a group, and is a dynamic both physiological and sociological in nature in which members interact and influence each other, typically with development of both leader and followers (Pierce & Newstrom, 2011). Pierce, J. L., & Newstrom, J. W. (2011).
These activities comes within the umbrella of human resource i.e Resources, time, funds, machinery and other important things which is related or involved to achieve a particular task. The differentiation between Management in comparison to Leadership is based on handling or managing human resources within limited machinery or funds to get the desired output with high standards. Leadership Leadership is based on empowering the team to achieve a particular task, keep the focus to achieved a particular task and keep the human resource or team motivated. Also, leadership gets involved in identifying and getting the best out from each team member, utilizing individual potential to achieve the goals successfully. The leadership is all about leading by example, creating a good work environment and empowering teams to be successful.
Task 4.1: Plan the development of leadership skills for a specific requirement. Leadership expertises are those expertises which possess in leader to enable his influence to motivate and inspire the group to achieve the targets. Leadership skills are demonstrate honesty, enthusiasm, evaluate complex situation, result driven, problem solving and remove hindrance. Leadership skill encompasses attitudes and behaviour which belong to humanity. Leadership is mostly concern behaviour and management mostly concern processes.
The leader is the person who stands up to take that task, which shows their initiative trait of leadership. In the article “Defining Leadership Language and Guiding Models” it states,“ Therefore, leaders are the individuals with or without positions of authority, working together to tackle a tough problem”( Defining Leadership Language and Guiding Models 14). This statement accurately defines what a leader is and
Contingency Theory Contingency Theory Concepts A change in leadership research from concentrating on only the leader to looking at both the leader and the situation the leader is working in A leader-match theory: significance of aligning a leader’s style with the needs of a particular situation. Contingency theory is a theory by Fiedler that is a leader-match theory (Northhouse, 2010). In this theory leaders are matched to situations that they may fit in. Not only does the contingency theory look at the leader, but also it assesses the situation the leader works in. The effectiveness of a leader depends on how well they fit into a particular situation.
The purpose of this paper is to understand leadership and the path-goal theory of leadership and few others leadership style and how are these theory are supposed to used appropriately. Leadership is the process of influencing others to achieve group or organisational goals . Therefore, a leader’s behaviours is important to an organisation because the achievement of organisational goals mostly depends on a leader and their leadership behaviour(Mc William, Alan 2010) . A leader must deal directly with people, develop rapport with them, persuade and inspire them to collaborate in the achievement of goals and vision. (Sikandar Hayyat Malik, 2013) Path-goals theory is leadership theory that’s states leaders can increase subordinate satisfaction and performance by clarify and clearing the path to goals .
The theories to be discussed in this book are: Path-Goal theory of leadership, Vroom-Yetton-Jago Decision-making of leadership, Harsey-Bianchard Situational Leadership theory, and Fielder’s Contigency Theory of Leadership. These four were selected because of their relative influence on the leader and the relationship that must be present between the leader and the members. They were also selected because they could help provide the needed foundational frameworks for your leadership
2004; Dvir et al. 2002). Also, transformational leadership is the ability of a leader to provide a conducive work space where employees are provided support to actualize organizational goals and objectives. From research, this leadership concept involves charisma and motivation as its vital concepts while assisting followers to achieve their potentials, they often referred to as authentic leaders. Additionally, according to Bass and Steidlmeier (1999) they stated that transformational leader’s level of contribution in any organization involves the ability to drive subordinates for critical and creative thinking for innovative solutions in teams.