The contents include the introduction, methods that include study design ,study patients,study treatment endpoints ,statical analysis and results and discussion. Each section will be analysed for relevance and appropriateness. Adequacy of literature search will also be tested. The methods used for the study must be in accordance with current standards and should be able to achieve the objectives stated in the study. The criteria for inclusion & exclusion should be appropriate in such a way that there are minimal confounding factors which will interfere in the results.
The presentation goes on to suggest methods to avoid the pitfalls of plagiarism by appropriately using citations, references, quotations, and a sensible approach to ensuring that your own creation within the written document is of your own design and original thought. Understanding the impact of plagiarism is such a critical aspect of writing and provides the crucial basis for success of a literature review or essay. Any academic document produced which then forms the construct of one’s academic identity throughout their experience, must be a uniquely
This is regard by “the idea of trustworthiness” (Klenke, 2008, p.39) and “ rigor” (Lincoln & Guba, 1985 as cited in Whitley & Kite, 2012). Validity and reliability are significant to ensuring the quality of the qualitative research (Berg, 2004) Thus, Golafshani (2003) concluded that reliability and validity are abstracted as trustworthiness, rigor and quality in the qualitative study. Validity and reliability are determine whether the success or not success of a research paper. In qualitative research, verification is one of the ways to increasing validity and reliability so the research is rigor. (Morse, Barrett, Mayan, Olson, & Spiers, 2002).
Mindfulness assist one to have greater sensitivity to one’s environment, and more open to new information that are not within their culture. In conclusion, in this multicultural environment, interaction among one and other is inevitable. So, mindfulness is the stimulant to help improve cultural intelligence. We must keep an open mind in accepting the other culture on their belief and lifestyle, being observant and not to provoke any unnecessary conflicts among each other. Mindfulness is a catalyst to improve communication with the others, have a little empathy and understand one and another, avoid having rigid
Logos appeals are similar to ethos in the fact that they are based on others work, yet there are forms of logos that are based more heavily on the statistic part of the appeal. In Engineering Happiness, Bruacells and Sarin write, “The origin of this definition of happiness can be attributed to Jeremy Betham, who is regarded as one of the fathers of modern economics” (3). This is a statistic, which makes this a logos topic, and it states the credibility of where it came from. It makes the reader believe that what they are reading is reliable and factual. In “On Mindfulness and Mental Health”, it says, “In an early Meta-analysis…Grossman, Niemann, Schmidt, and Walach (2004) found 64 empirical studies, but only 20 met their criteria of acceptable quality or relevance” (Martin 209).
Study Strengths I was able to see that there were many strengths throughout this case study. The researchers ability to take a syndrome that often goes unnoticed and provide some understanding. The information presented and the breakdown of the findings and how they were able to make these conclusions were the strongest part of the case study. I feel that the researchers having a solid plan and able to discuss the purpose and process strengthens the credibility of the findings because the researchers seem to know what they are talking
The open feedback explains that since I base my communication on facts and evidence that has the impact to the trust and credibility. The feedback also indicates that I am open for dialogue with various topics, but can be seen sometimes too “theoretic/academic” by others. As a summary, I believe that my peer's evaluation is quite well in line with my own assessment and by combining the two assessments, there is a good foundation to identify the needed development areas to work with. Examples of communication ups and
So long as it is given when ready, the result should be positive. Using my newfound awareness of Relatedness, I can try to create as much familiarity as possible with them. Even in new situations, I can try and create common ground and relatability between me, them and the task at hand. Using my newfound awareness of Fairness, I can ensure that I understand the other person’s baseline attitude towards something and their baseline expectation. Since fairness is a relative thing and often times is based on expectations and opinions, understanding their baseline help me establish where we start the conversation and where we start the information exchange.
This paper has practical outlooks and prescriptions for teaching students to think critically when deliberating inferences. The teaching processes advised: argument mapping, active argument practice and repetition, are realistic methodologies to implement. The author takes care not to contradict the nature of critical thinking and cautions the reader to teach and research using empirical evidence. The author’s voice welcomes a shared experience in understanding critical
However, though visualize differently, reliability and validity are quite important in qualitative research. They helped the readers to understand how much confidence can be placed in the result. Lindlof (2002) says” Basically, we want to inspire confidence in readers (and ourselves) that we have achieved right interpretations.” So now, the question to be answer is “How to ensure the reliability and validity of qualitative method?” Patton (2001) advocates the use of triangulation by stating “triangulation strengthens a study by combining methods. This can mean using several kinds of methods or data, including using both quantitative and qualitative approaches” (p.
Credibility and trustworthiness are important factors in the research process. Truthfulness, also referred to as validity, in quantitative research adds a stamp of approval because it truly measures what it is intended to measure (McMillan, J. H. 2015). According to Golafshani (2003), credibility simply refers to whether the results are accurately portrayed. The four most commonly strategies used in the quantitative research process are: observations, interviews, document analysis, and visual materials. By using these strategies, researchers are able to provide credibility and trustworthiness to their final product.
Qualitative research design helped me identify my goals by consulting available research literature that is appropriate to my topic. The design decisions are explained and justified because my research question is based on prior research experiences. This design allows me to collect and analyze the data outcomes. 4. Is the design appropriate, given the research question?