. . 2 1.3 Survey Design and Ojectives . . .
• Project can be used to generalize concepts more widely, predict future results, or investigate causal relationships. • The overarching aim of a quantitative research study is to classify features, count them, and construct statistical models in an attempt to explain what is observed. METHODOLOGY OF QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH The overall structure for a quantitative design is based in the scientific method. It basically uses deductive reasoning, where the researcher is to form a hypothesis, collect the data in an investigation of the problem, and then to use the data from the investigation, after analysis is made and conclusions are shared, to prove the hypotheses to be not false or false. Thus the basic procedure of a quantitative design is: 1.
Two different research methods are there which includes qualitative and quantitative in order to analyse the aim and objectives of the research study. Qualitative research method makes use of exploratory research by understanding the opinions, reasons and motivations related to the study. It involves creation of idea based on which quantitative research is conducted. This research method makes use of content and previous researches in order to elaborate the context of the topic. While on the other hand, quantitative research method makes use of statistical data in order to evaluate the problem.
Besides, it determines the methods of data collection and analysis. The findings of quantitative research are presented in statistical language. Quantitative approach to research involves data collection methods such as structured questionnaire, interviews, and observations together with other tools such as experiment, content analysis and survey. On the other hand, in depth interviews and unstructured observations are associated with qualitative research. Researches have to choose methods which are appropriate for answering their questions.
4.0 METHODOLOGY 4.1 Introduction This chapter will explain the research methodology that has been used in the study. It is containing the description of a geographical area of the study and also the research design. It also will introduce the sampling besides the method for data collection. Last part will be discussing on how the data is being analyzed. 4.2 Research Design For this study, the mode of research is quantitative research method with use structured questionnaire to the respondents.
Chapter 3 Methodology Research Design Different types of research design are selected according to the needs of the research. In this specific study, research used to intend mixed research design because this study is depending upon both quantitative and qualitative data. The means of data collection will be gathered through primary and secondary sources. Research Approach To conduct a research, it is necessary to determine what approach is being implemented as typically scientific investigation involves alternating among induction and deduction. Research approaches are based on the procedures and plans of research that extent the assumptions to detailed methods of interpretation, data collection and analysis.
3.1 Introduction In this chapter the coverage is on the research design and methodology, including sampling, population, establishing rigour during and after data collection, ethical considerations and data analysis. 3.2 Research Strategy This study used quantitative research strategy. According to Newman, quantitative research goes from reviewing and defining directly to developing hypotheses and collecting data. In quantitative analysis, this is called the derivation of hypotheses. “The researcher examines the literature and, based upon this process, he or she derives theoretical expectations, which become the derived hypotheses (Newman, Ridenour, & Ridenour, 1998).
It should be carefully decided according to research problem and hypothetical prediction of the research. Research methodology may be Qualitative or Quantitative approach regarding data collections. Mostly it does depend on nature of the research problem and hypothetical prediction of the research. Many scholars have raised many arguments regarding research methodology. Research in common parlance refers to a search for knowledge.
( this is what the authors should be ask because there are many different approaches to conducting a systematic review ).This give the authors of the study with an approach to testing how robust the results of the review are relative to give decisions and assumptions that were made in the process of conducting the review. All authors should know how the key decisions and assumptions may conceivably have affected the results for a particular review. Different types of decisions can be examined in sensitivity analyses, as: - in case of changing the inclusion criteria for the types of study (like using different methodological cut points), participants, interventions or outcome measures . - when there is some ambiguity as to whether they meet the inclusion criteria. - in cases of some uncertainty about the results, so repeat analys data using a reasonable range of results for studies (ex.
Particularly interesting in the view of this study, is the fact that thematic analysis is firmly anchored in constructionist method which examines the ways in which events, realities, meanings, experiences and so on are the effects of a range of discourses operating within society. The study collected both qualitative and quantitative data and these were analysed differently. The quantitative data were analysed using - graphs, pie chart and tables. This was done with the Statistical Package for Social Scientist (SPSS) software. Qualitative analysis involved taking the responses from the respondents, sometimes verbatim to confirm or negate what has been observed from the other