4.1 Introduction. In this chapter, this describes results of the data analysis. Data collected through the questionnaire survey were fed into SPSS 16.0 (a statistical software tool) in order to generate a comprehensive analysis of the study which is discussed in this chapter. This chapter mainly consists with descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Under inferential statistics, reliability analysis and a logistic regression has been done.
The study will use Simple Random Sampling for questionnaires, each student in the population will be assigned with a number then 50 numbers will be randomly picked. Simple random sampling is used to avoid bias and to confirm that each student from single parenthood has an equal chance of being selected. According to (Amin, 2005) randomization is effective in creating equivalent representative groups that are essentially the same on all relevant variables. Judgemental Sampling will be used for in-depth interview. Judgemental sampling is used to select a more representative sample hence accurate result.
In this mini-study, the data set that was qualitatively analyzed is the textual transcription of the audio recording of the opening event in the workshop activity (see Appendix “A”). In coming up with the data set, I used the Jefferson’s transcription notation in accordance with the conventions in ethnomethodology and conversation analysis research. Ethnomethodology studies the activities of group members to discover how they make sense of their surroundings and how individuals give sense to and accomplish their daily activities. It is not so much concerned with what they are doing, but rather how they make sense of it (Pollner & Emerson, 2001). Thus, as to the observation in education settings, for instance, a lecture, involving actors of the categories lecturer and students (or facilitator and participants in the case of a workshop), I
The Qualitative method tend to be open ended with less structured protocols; rely more heavily on interactive interviews where respondents may be interviewed several times to follow up on a particular issue to clarify concepts or check the reliability of data and use triangulation to increase the credibility of the findings. (Krishnamurthi, Cabrera and Karlovsky,2004). These attributes give the qualitative research method the advantage of providing depth and detail. They help to look deeper than analysing ranks and counts by recording attitudes, feelings and behaviours. The open- ended questions help to encourage respondents to expand on their responses which may open up new topic areas not initially considered and help to simulate participants’ experiences.
As it is obvious from the title, sample is selected because they are convenient to be selected via selecting whatever persons can be most easily access to accomplish the survey. Convenience sampling is mostly used in preliminary research efforts in order to achieve a gross estimation of results without devoting the required cost and time to gain a random sample. Judgment sampling: this method is a common non-probability sampling method in which the researcher decides which members of the entire population should be selected based on his/her judgment. Since the researcher’s judgment is the criteria for selecting sample, it is necessary that s/he ensures that the selected sample is an appropriate representative of the entire target population and if it is needed some alternative justification for representativeness may be applied. Quota sampling: this method is the non-probability version of the stratified sampling i.e.
The classes form the stratified portion. Within each class, the students would be chosen randomly. The correct number of students needed for a sample depends on a variety of factors. The first one is the purpose of the study. In a study of students’ plans after high school, all seniors (12th grade) may be surveyed so the sample size is the same as the population for that school.
For example, a mother asked her son why he did not go to school and he answered that he gets sick. Grice (1975) expect that the contribution to be appropriate to immediate needs at each stage of transaction. This maxim has function to prevent random communication or unsustainable communication. If the speaker does not relevant to the topic of on going conversation, the hearer will also get confused of how to reply or how to give a response to the information. 3.
Qualitative methods help examine not just “what”,” where”,” when”, or even "who" but also the “why” and “how” of decision making. In a typical statistician’s conventional views, qualitative methods help produce information only on the specific cases studied and any more general conclusions are considered as propositions (or informed assertions). Empirical backing for such research hypotheses can then be sought by using Quantitative methods. A qualitative
In order to unmask the some other secreted factors which were not recognized by quantitative analysis, qualitative method of data collection was also used. Qualitative analysis is an efficient tool for obtaining information regarding values, attitude, opinions and behavior of specific population (Mack et al., 2005). Qualitative investigation in current study was mainly based on key informant interviews. The key informants are the informed people whose experiences, views and annotations relevant to the specific topic; are shared by the researchers in order to explore a occurrence under study (Patton, 1990). Different people have different capabilities for explaining and verbally expressing information however, it is useful to take small number
It is also usually a quicker method than, for example, tabulation, the census technique or analysis. 3. Scope of sampling is high The aim of Sampling is to determine generalizations of data of its target market population. Using the whole population to arrive at general conclusions would be practically difficult as in very large populations the population might change before the process is completed. Some populations are also too large so that all their characteristics cannot be measured.