She was originally removed from the throne due to her religion but gained it back with her large group of supporters. Her father didn’t agree with the Catholic Church resulting in the protestant Church of England. Mary’s cousin Lady Jane succeeded Mary’s brother King Henry VI after his death in 1558 when he was just fifteen years old. He appointed Lady Jane because she was a protestant like himself. Edward tried to keep the crown from Mary because he knew she would try to change England back to Catholicism.
Document 3, the 1559 Act of Supremacy from the Parliament of England, shows how she got Parliament to acknowledge her as supreme governor of the Church of England in accordance with her father’s break from the Catholic Church in 1534. This reinforcement also shows her strong will to lead and maintain her position. Document 6, a report on Elizabeth’s response to a Parliamentary petition on succession by Jacques Bochetel de La Forest, a French ambassador to England, shows some bias as the French were under Catholic rule at the time as opposed to the Elizabeth, who was Protestant. He describes how Elizabeth defends her position and attacks Parliament for being incompetent on the issue. She says that she will work with half a dozen men to decide what to do.
The most widely practiced religion was the Church of England (also referred to as the New Religion or the Established Church) which was the established state religion decided by the queen. The New Religion was a sort of settlement between the two religions of Catholicism and Protestantism. Queen Elizabeth I was the leader of the Church of England. When Queen Elizabeth was excommunicated from the Catholic Church, she decided that anyone who didn't agree with her beliefs could be considered a traitor and would be executed.
In 1558-1603 Elizabeth I ruled over England, she made peace throughout England while there were religious feuds going on. During a different time period of 1762-1796, Catherine the Great ruled over Russia she was not peaceful and killed her husband to get to be Queen. Despite similarities in educational advances, and both did force religion, Elizabeth I and Catherine the Great were more different than similar. Catherine had absolute power and Elizabeth did not and Catherine was more feared than Elizabeth I. Elizabeth I and Catherine the Great had similarities in the fact that they didn’t force religion. For example Elizabeth found a middle ground between catholic and protestant religions and Catherine accepted Russian orthodox as the church.
But, it is possible because during this time it was very common for the pope to bend the rules for royals. This was because there was a constant fight between secular and religious power and the annulment would give the pope a leg up on secular leaders (Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of England). In order for the pope to declare the annulment, he proved that Eleanor and her husband were actually cousins therefore, making the marriage illegal. It is unknown whether that fact was true or made up as a reason to end their
Elizabeth I and Tudor England, written by Miriam Greenblatt, tells about Queen Elizabeth I’s greatest accomplishments and struggles along the path to becoming the Queen of England. On September 7, 1533, Anne Boleyn gave birth to Elizabeth. Her father, Henry VIII, was desperately hoping for a son. He had divorced his first wife, Catherine, and beheaded Anne for not giving birth to sons. His third wife gave birth to his long-awaited son, Edward.
Written in 1571, thirteen years after being crowned queen of England, the poem shows that the queen still suffered from fear of “future foes” that threatened to depose her as ruler of her country (Elizabeth I “The Doubt” 1). The first line of the poem, written in response to the attempts of the supporters of Mary, Queen of Scots, to claim the throne of England for Elizabeth’s Catholic cousin displays the queen’s worry that her power and reign are not, at the time, completely stable and secure. Yet despite her fears, the queen writes several lines later that “if reason ruled / Or wisdom weaved the web,” she could gain power over Fortune and no longer fear the future (Elizabeth I “The Doubt” 7-8). Instead, with a rational mind and a heart and body no longer trapped by stronger people, Elizabeth begins to find a way to conquer Fortune and powerfully determine her own fate. Elizabeth ends the poem by revealing that she is no longer a fearful prisoner at the mercy of those with more authority than her, but a powerful ruler of England.
The Age of Enlightenment was a period of time when a movement of intellectuals strove to create tolerance of religion, separation of state and church, as well as removing complete power of the monarch. The Glorious Revolution of 1688, followed many Enlightenment principles. The cause of this revolution was the people’s displeasure with the Catholic king, James II, in hopes of turning the country to Protestantism, William of Orange, the king of Holland, and his wife Mary II, James oldest child. This quick and almost bloodless revolution put William of Orange of the English throne, gaining Protestants religious freedom, but suppressed the freedoms of Catholics. Although the Glorious Revolution was fueled in part by religious intolerance, ultimately the Glorious Revolution was a direct outcome of the Age of Enlightenment.
Mary Stuart and Elizabeth Mary and Elizabeth – cousins, queens, rivals. They both descended from Henry VII – Mary as her great-grandchild and Elizabeth as his granddaughter. They both were claimants to the English throne – one ascended to it, while the other ended up on the executioner’s block. Throughout the years various misconceptions have been stuck to their personas: Mary, the Catholic martyr who ‘put the personal increasingly before the political’ (Dunn 41) and Elizabeth, the cruel oppressor who ‘sacrificed the personal and placed her responsibilities as queen at the centre of her life’ (ibid.).
So although Macbeth was killed by rebels, Lady Macbeth has ultimate responsibility for his death. Lady Macbeth is responsible for killing her husband because she pressured him into the killing of others, which ended up getting him killed. As soon as Lady Macbeth found out she was becoming wife to the Thane of Cawdor, all she wanted was more power. Lady Macbeth applied pressure on Macbeth In Act 1 Scene 7 Lines 38-41 by saying, “. .
The men Henry betrayed soon became angry and killed him. She was soon persuaded to marry one of the men, James Hepburn. The other men became enraged with Hepburn and battled with Mary but soon Mary turned herself over to be imprisoned. During her Imprisonment, she was forced to abdicate her throne to her infant son. She was free after 10 months of captivity and wanted her throne back.
Evidently, Queen Mary’s death was a means for her husband’s political allies and enemies to reshape the future of the country. Augustus’ enemies also used Livia as a political tool to damage the reputation of his dynasty. Despite the similarities, there are differences among these post humous attacks. Livia is described by her critics as a bad mother and wife; she is the wicked stepmother and is charged by Tacitus for poisoning Augustus and killing those in line for the throne for the advancement of her own son. Mary II is criticizes by Jacobites for siding with her husband during the Glorious Revolution, which pushed her father off his throne.
Also, he passed the Edict of Nantes just so Protestants have freedom to believe whatever they want. Elizabeth I is a politique because she formed peace between the Protestants and Catholics. She repealed the anti- Protestant legislation of Mary Tudor, and guided England to where they can settle their religious differences. Despite what her religion was, Elizabeth I put everything behind her and focused on the good of her country. Both Elizabeth I and Henry of Navarre put politics and the success of the country before their religion.
Mary Queen of Scots was born into the throne and pronounced queen of Scotland at six days old when her father died. In her lifetime, she was the queen of two countries: Scotland and France. Mary spent most of her adult life imprisoned in Lochleven Castle and later escaped and fled to England to seek help from her cousin Elizabeth. When Mary went to receive help from her cousin it did not work in her favor. She had several husbands and secret lovers that caused problems with her ruling.