It is usually taken orally. It comes under the brand name of Zocor. Simvastatin is a strong competitive inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (hydroxymethylglutaryl COA reductases). 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase is the rate-limiting enzyme important in cholesterol biosynthesis. Possible drug interactions
Substance dependence and substance abuse are two drug-taking behaviors that influence an individual’s ability to function. According to Levinthal (2012), substance dependence is defined as an individual physically depending on a controlled substance. Individual’s portrays various signs indicating a dependency problem. The DSM-IV measures dependency based on criteria within a twelve month time frame (Levinthal, 2012). Substance dependence can be rather disturbing to an individual when dealing with the side effects.
But too much of Percocet dependency leads to addiction of it. Percocet, like every other opiate pain medicines, is highly addictive. This is one of the reason why this drug is widely abused. Percocet is commonly prescribed to help cancer patients. This drug is manufactured such that oxycodone is released slowly into the system.
Traditionally, barbiturates were used in the treatment of anxiety, epilepsy, anesthetics, and to induce sleep. However, they have a tendency to cause psychological and physical dependence and there is a fine line between a normal dose and a toxic dose. Nowadays, barbiturates have been largely replaced by safer drugs, although some are still used during surgery or to control seizures. Examples of barbiturates include pentobarbital, phenobarbital, butabarbital, and mephobarbital or Nembutal, luminal, butisol sodium, and mebaral as brand names. Benzodiazepines are a class of agents that work on the central nervous system, acting selectively on gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABA-A) receptors in the brain.
Ondansetron (Zofran®), a selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, is a prescription medication indicated for the prevention and treatment of nausea and vomiting after chemotherapy, radiation, and surgeries.1 Though vomiting is a universal experience, it is of great concern in infants with gastroenteritis, an illness that occurs from infection with a pathogen of bacterial, viral, parasitic, or protozoal origin, characterized by symptoms including nausea, vomiting, fever, and diarrhea.2 The main treatment for these frequently self-limiting symptoms is oral or intravenous rehydration therapy, which replenishes the lost volume and electrolytes, thereby decreasing the likelihood of more complex conditions occurring.2,3 However, the use of off-label
Administering mistakes can involve wrong patient, wrong dose, wrong drug, wrong time/omitted, wrong route, and commonly involves infusion pumps. The last area of transcribing process, wrong dose, wrong route, wrong client, wrong time, and wrong drug errors can occur I recommend observing a number of effective substitutes that can considerably diminish the error rates in medication dispensing. I have discovered four studies of the effects of these approaches. In the first, the rate of dispensing errors in a, US hospital fell from 0.19 to 0.07% by the use of a bar code system, in a cost, benefit analysis the breakeven point for return on investment was during the first quarter of the fourth year. (Rolland P.,
Niedermayer (1990) said that there is some kind of advantages of the disease model. It provides medical treatment from the hospital for addictive people. Also, it protects addictive people from blaming, and it diminishes feeling of guilt and embarrassment. Even though there are some advantages of the model, the model has been criticized for many views. Wilbanks (1989) claimed that it takes responsibility from addictive people to recover by own self, and it labeled them as a victim of substances; in fact, it places learned helplessness in the mind of an addictive person.
The drug Amphetamine, or more commonly known as Adderall is a CNS stimulant. It is typically prescribed for patients with narcolepsy or ADHD. It works by stimulating the release of neurotransmitters, norepinephrine and dopamine, from the brain and sympathetic nervous system. The average dose varies
Approximately 1µg Mbgl was used with 5 mM 4-nitropheny-β-D-glucopyranoside (PNPG) in the reaction mixture of either 2 ml or 1 ml. The reaction was stopped by adding an equal volume of 0.2M Na2CO3and the released product 4-nitrophenol was quantified based on the millimolar extinction coefficient of 18.1 mM-1cm-1at 400 nm (Workman and Day 1982). The optimum pH was determined using the same assay in the 100 mM phosphate-citrate buffer in the pH range of 3.0 to 7.0 and for pH 8.0; 100 mMtris buffer was used. Similarly, the temperature optimum was determined in 100mM citrate buffer of pH-6.0. Thermal stability was determined by incubating the protein solution at 50°C and 55°Cfor different times followed by standard PNPG assay, as described earlier.
The drug provides immediately relieves pain, but overusing the medication can a resistance to the drug. People who overuse Demerol need higher doses of the medication to feel the pain relieving effects of the drug. The Popularity of Codeine Codeine is often found in prescription and over the counter cough syrup medications. The syrup is an opioid, and the drug is commonly added to soda at parties. The effects of the drugs cause an altered state of consciousness.
d-Amphetamine: A CNS (central nervous system) psychomotor stimulant used for treating ADHD and narcolepsy (sleep disorder that causes abnormal sleepiness). As a performance-enhancer, it improves brain concentration, memory, and physical stamina and some behavioural emergencies as mania and toxic delirium. Chlorpromazine: First-generation antipsychotic drugs that are therapeutically used for treating schizophrenia, anxiety, and bipolar disorder. Diazepam: Belongs to benzodiazepines family and the medical reasons for use include anxiety, opiate and alcohol withdrawal symptoms, vertigo, and tetanus by reduction of muscle tone and coordination. It presents as an anxiolytic, antiepileptic and anticonvulsant drug.
“Bath salts are a synthetic drug that create feelings of euphoria and can be taken by smoking, snorting, and injecting the substance. Users often re-dose as the effects only last for 3-4 hours, and may stay up for several days. Bath salts are seen as a cheap alternative to cocaine, ecstasy or methamphetamine. Side effects of bath salts may include insomnia, agitation, hallucinations, and even violent behavior upon first use. Long-term use can lead to liver and kidney damage, as well as a breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue.”¹ Bath salts are chemically related to cathinone, which is a stimulant found in the khat plant.
Opioids are substances that act on opioid receptors to produce morphine-like effects. Medically they are primarily used for pain relief, including anesthesia. Opioids are also frequently used non-medically for their euphoric effects or to prevent withdrawal symptoms. Examples of opioids are morphine, heroin, oxycodone, and methadone. Opioid overdose is an acute and serious condition due to excessive opioids use.
Currently there are three medications, Teriflunomide, Fingolimod and Dimethyl Fumarate. While these medications offer the convenience of a pill they have considerable and potentially dangerous side effects. Teriflunomide (Aubagio) works by blocking the enzyme dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, which inhibit rapidly dividing cells like those of the immune system. Serious side effects include inability to fight infection, breathing problems and high blood pressure. Other side effects include: headache; diarrhea; nausea; hair thinning or loss; and abnormal liver test results.
This test is selected as the research question is looking for the association between is NIofH Hypertension Category which is the independent variables and ordinal level of measurement and engagement in weekly moderate activity which is the dependent variable and is nominal level of measurement (Loiselle et al., 2011). There are two different samples and the researcher is interested in if there is an association between the two samples. A Chi-Square for independence test looks at the association between two samples that are both of a categorical level of measurement (Salkind, 2013). Lastly, the statistics assignment seven outline provided a cross tabulation SPSS output of frequencies and a Chi-Square test output. The SPSS output has four columns that consist of the independent variable NIofH Hypertension Category and two rows that consist of the dependent variable engagement in weekly moderate activity (Salkind, 2013).