Quota Refugees In Sweden

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Introduction The massive influx of refugees increasing over the decades is a phenomenon that has altered many countries around the globe. When thinking about refugees, for many, the first countries that come to mind are the United States, Canada or Australia. However, a special focus will be given to Sweden and to a specific type of refugees, quota refugees. The goal of this paper is to answer the following question: how does education promote the acculturation processes and the employability among quota refugees in Sweden? First, I will provide some definitions to give better a understanding of this topic and will also discuss about Sweden’s history dealing with quota refugees. Secondly, I will analyze the pre-departure and introduction…show more content…
Who are quota refugees? Unlike “normal refugees”, people who escape from war, persecution or a natural disaster and a make a big journey to seek for asylum, quota refugees are part of an annual resettlement program between the UNHCR and approximately 27 countries, and Sweden is one of them. Resettlement in Sweden began in 1950 to empty the refugee camps in Europe after the Second World War. Sweden is not only the oldest European resettlement country, but also the country that offers most resettlement places in Europe. Sweden is also one of the largest resettlement countries per capita in the world.(Ostling, Joseph et al.,1) To qualify for resettlement in Sweden, the person must “be in need of protection because they risk execution, corporal punishment, torture, inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment; they are escaping armed conflict or environmental disaster; or they risk persecution due to gender-related reasons or on grounds of homosexuality(UNHCR Country Chapter Report Sweden,2). We can see from the the long standing compromise Sweden has with refugees for…show more content…
It should also be noted that not being a Swedish speaker was as a limitation on my research . I strongly believe that the benefits of offering resettlement programs can lead to better access to school for those remaining in the camps. Through Sweden’s quota refugee history we can deduce that the programs they develop are effective to acculturate refugees through education. I am aware that certain variables such as country of origin, gender, age, education, marital status, number of children and number of years living in the country affect the likelihood of successfully transitioning to work or education. Other variables include unemployment and local factors such as educational level of the local population, relationship between public and private job market, as well as entrepreneurial climate. Work-related schemes put in place as part of the introduction program have a positive effect on a successful transition to work, especially job training schemes in the private sector.(NIBR report, Komparativ analyse av introduksjonsprogram i Norge, Sverige go Danmark,

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