With the Stock Market Crash of 1929, Canada fell into a great depression. Economic instability led to a political change in government as Prime Minister R.B. Bennett was elected to provide aid for the people. He created relief camps for the single, homeless, and unemployed men living in cities. These camps had a tremendous effect on Canadian society as they made people realize the significance of public assistance. Prior to the 1930’s, there was little government interference in the economy. It also gave way to change as the camps were proven to be ineffective.
Racism was no longer in vogue.” After becoming part of these organizations, racism was not exposed anymore and Canadians started to exhibit more equality and respect for each other. Finally, after realizing the mistakes made and taking actions, Canadians started to participate more in their country but also worldwide. They commenced to take part in their own democracy and began to change their relationships with other people. Prior to WWII, Canada became weaker as a nation but when they started to change their views on minority groups and Canadians from different cultures, Canada became stronger as a nation.
William Lyon Mackenzie King was the Prime Minister during the outbreak of the Great Depression in 1929. At the time, King believed in the principles of laissez-faire. King also believed the amount of intervention federal government should be kept minimal. King believed a balanced budget and little government interference were the answers to this catastrophe. However, King did not think there was really an issue presented. He even questioned the existence of the Depression. This is important because from 1930 to 1935, little action was taken due to the denial of the presence of a national crisis and the enforcement of laissez-faire. Without the support of the government, the Canadians struggled to live through an economic crisis. However, as
A drastic approach some Quebeckers took happened during the October Crisis. It began on October 5, 1970, with the kidnapping of James Cross, a British trade commissioner in the city of Montreal, Quebec. This was carried out by a radical separatist group, Front de Libération du Québec, often shortened to FLQ. Later Pierre Laporte, the Minister of Labour, was kidnapped also. With these acts of terrorism plaguing Quebec, Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau enacted the War Measures Act.
In October 1970, a Quebec minister and a British diplomat were kidnapped by the FLQ. First on October 5th, the members of FLQ kidnapped British Trade Commissioner James Cross. Then on October 10th they kidnapped Pierre Laporte the minister and deputy premier. The group name FLQ stands for Front for the Liberation of Quebec. (Front de libération du Québec).
On October 5th, 1970 the British trade commissioner, James Cross, was kidnapped from his home in Montreal and this started the October Crisis. This kidnapping was done by a French Canadian Terrorist group known as the Front de Libération du Québec who wanted Quebec to be separate from Canada(Tetley 1). Three days later the Minister of Labour who was seen to be very involved in the Quebec government was also kidnapped on his front lawn(Tetley 1). During that time there were many supporters of the FLQ including politicians, workers of the press, and leaders of labor unions. All these people wanted to exchange the two hostages for members of the FLQ who had committed things such as bombings or murders.
The 1960’s and 70’s were a time of political turmoil and unrest in Canadian history. The October of 1970 in particular, is a period remembered for its violence and hate. The kidnapping of two Canadian politicians by the Front de Libération du Québec (FLQ), a terrorist group, changed Canadian society forever. The FLQ and the October Crisis ignited separatist feelings in French Canadians, changed the way the government handled national emergencies and altered Canadians’ opinions on key issues. The October Crisis is a truly significant moment in Canadian history for many reasons.
There are countless leaders that changed Canada’s history in both good and bad ways. Some leaders and prime ministers are forgotten as history proceeds. Many tried shaping Canada’s history and changing its reputation. Canada had great leaders that made tremendous benefits to improve their country. However, a very kind man named Richard Bennett became a prime minister in the worse of Canada’s economics situation.
William Lyon Mackenzie King, a man of glory, forever changed Canada’s constitution during the tumultuous nineteenth century and resolved all difficulties Canada faced on its way to becoming a strong, independent, and autonomous nation. His contributions and sanctions targeted all factors at the time and had interrelated effects on the construction of Canada. Unlike other Canadian politicians, King handled every crisis with thorough planning and achieved promising outcomes from unsolvable problems. It is without a doubt that King was the most influential figure in Canada’s development. His role in the autonomy, economic development, and social stability stands as solid evidence of the pioneering impacts he had on Canada’s advancement.
Overall Canada's Autonomy was improved socially, economically and politically as Canada become more and more independent and equal to the British Empire. Canada grew Politically as they made decisions for itself and did not rely on Britain to approve of the decisions. Canada grew socially as they created their own broadcasting channel where Canadian artists, singers, and entertainers could be heard. Finally economically where Canada became heavily involved in trade with the United States and broke trade with Britain meaning more resources manufactured and send without tax. The late 20s’ and 30s’ were not only a building place for Canada as a whole but a start for independence freedom and equality for Canada and its citizens.
(Boan, 2006) The experience of the Great Depression in the 1930’s left many in difficult financial situations. (Boan, 2006) Although, provinces helped with relief payments for food, clothing and shelter, medical costs were too much for the budget. (Boan, 2006) Many people were not receiving proper medical care, and for those that were the bills were just too high, as a result, causing death from preventable diseases. (Boan, 2006) Years of depression and war brought cooperation and agreement between the federal and provincial governments: The Green Book Proposal, “introduced a plan for comprehensive social security, including measures to promote full employment, contributory social insurance plans and universal public health insurance”.
The great depression in Canada started in 1929 and ended in 1939. This essay is going to talk about how the great depression had affected Canada economically, socially as well as politically. The Great Depression had affected Canada significantly as there was a drop in the economy, the economic drop had also affect the citizens living in Canada by a wide margin. A lot of other political systems and parties were also created due to the Great Depression. Thus, to a great extent, the great depression had affected Canada economically, socially as well as politically, as there was an economic job, population changed occurred, and new political parties were created.
The great depression was a really hard period of time because there wasn’t many option or programs like now such as employment insurance and welfare. Everyone had their own responses; at the time Mackenzie king wasn’t the most prepared he didn’t take an approach the economy, R.B bennet at that time prime minister believed in that the government out of the economy and everything will work out in the end. Maurice Duplessis was the sixteenth premier of Quebec he believed that a return to traditional values and the rural way of life guaranteed security the union nationale was created during the great depression from 1936 to 1970 with some breaks between. Defferin Pattullo thought the state should stop some actions and help ordinary people with
Protesters were furious and wanted to burn down the trains. This strike caused the Pullman Company to protect their train cars with guns. Eventually, the federal government was called to end the strike. Not only did industrial workers respond by uniting together for the Pullman Strike, but the industrial workers also went on strike at the Haymarket Square Riot. The Haymarket Square Riot took place in Chicago in 1884.
Applying the characterization of “roaring” to explain the 1920s in Canada would be deceptive. The decade of the 1920s contains events and actions that directly represent its disastrous ways. Several sectors of the economy lagged behind due to natural disasters, terrorism and immigration policies. The economic and social divisions between regions and cultures became more evident than throughout the war years. Several components and stories were hidden by the decade 's accomplishments.