Rabindranath Tagore was influenced by ancient thought of the Upanishads and Vedanta. He also came under the influence of Vaisnavism and the teachers of the Bhakti – Marga. The entire system of philosophy of Tagore was based on the development of human life. He said, “There is only one history, the history of man”. Tagore was an individualist.
He was a poet, dramatist, actor, producer; he was a musician and a painter; he was an educationist, a practical idealist who turned his dreams into reality at Shantiniketan; he was a reformer, philosopher, prophet; he was a novelist and short-story writer, and a critic of life and literature; he even made occasional incursions into nationalist politics, although he was essentially an internationalist. ((Iyengar: 99). Rabindranath Tagore is India’s greatest genius and has been the supreme inspiration to millions of modern India. He was, in integral whole, the Rishi, the Gurudev. His fecundity and vitality were amazing -next only to Mahatma Gandhi and Sri Aurobindo.
History is full with the great personalities, who can never be forgotten as they had contributed a lot in their life period. Among them are Gandhi and Tagore, who made a great contribution in world history. Both of them are born in last quarter of the nineteenth century. Tagore in 1861 and Gandhi in 1869 and lived up to the India got independence from the colonial rule (coward, 2003). Gandhi and Tagore were so famous that their mutual friend C.F Andrews once argued Tagore as modern, while as Gandhi is the St. Francis of Assisi(ibid, pp:107).While as john Haynes Holmes compared Gandhi and Tagore as Erasmus and Luther (the poet’s anxiety).
“Woman” is one of them. In this essay Tagore has focused the individual role of man and woman according to the Plan of Nature, and reviewed the position and responsibility of woman in a world where man is born with free energies and comparative freedom from physical and emotional bondage. Tagore says that woman is born directly into the centre of her own true world, the world of human relationship, and the “domestic world” is God’s gift” to her. Women has been crowned the cosmetic queen of humanity whereas man has been firmly enshrined
AN EVALUATION OF MYSTICISM IN RABINDRANATH TAGORE’S GITANJALI (1910) Introduction Rabindranath Tagore is to know the essence of Indian artistic traditions, to understand a great man who becomes a “cultural hero” and “an international figure.” This research paper focuses on Gitanjali which is classified under mystic poetry. The endeavor here is to look for the mystical elements in Gitanjali and how it qualifies to be a mystical poetry. Tagore is an unofficial ambassador to the world and he put India on the literary map of the world. To appreciate him fully, it is essential to note the quality and beauty of his mastery of English language that made him a renowned writer. He belonged to the whole world being “a darling of versatility”.
Chapter-3 (Tagore ’s Short Stories : A Study of Psycho-Socio Realities of Characters) “…………the artist finds out the unique, the individual, which yet is in the heart of the universal. When he looks on a tree, he looks on that tree as unique, not as the botanist who generalizes and classifies. It is the function of the artist to particularize that one tree. How does he do it? Not through the peculiarity which is the discord of the unique, but through the personality which is harmony.
Quoting Dr. Ambedkar from his article “The Rise and Fall of Hindu Women”, he argues that Hindu religion through its religious texts, such as the Manusmriti always degraded women. He thought of Manusmriti as a text which was anti-women and anti-Dalit text, where women and Dalits are degraded. Hindu scriptures like Ramayana & Mahabharata have women characters who are bold in their ways like Draupadi, Kaikeyi, even Sita for that matter and her decision to go back to mother Earth instead of giving a test of purity are instances where the woman is not agreeing to the norm laid by the society. This sort of portrayal is not given emphasis by our preachers. The character of Kaikeyi is not given any importance as she is a woman of ambition, same for Draupadi.
Indian women are still seen as objects by society. In some parts of the society, a woman only has 4 jobs, a mother, a wife, a homemaker and a daughter. In one of his short stories, ‘The Punishment’, Tagore showcased the brutality of society that degrades women. The story revolves around 2 brothers Dukhiram and Chhidam and their wives Radha and Chandara respectively. The men are described as providers of the families in the first paragraph, “choppers in hand to work as day labourers” while their wives are associated with “shouting and hurling”.
Tagore found Bankimchandra’s Krishna to be the “embodiment of theory”. Tagore admits that Bankimchandra is the very first person who attempted to establish the historicity of Krishna. He appreciates Bankim’s aim and his use of logic and rationality to find elements of historical truth in the otherwise mythified life of Krishna. However, he does find some faults in Bankim’s method of historiography as he could not ignore various gaps and errors in Bankim’s methods of historical research. He argues that Bankim has finished the task of sorting out the unhistorical elements but could not find time in collecting the real historical elements.
immensely grateful to Mahatmaji for inducing, by his wonder working inspiration, freedom from fear and feebleness in the minds of his countrymen, feel profoundly hurt when any words from his mouth may emphasize the elements of unreason in those very minds — unreason, which is a fundamental source of all the blind powers that drive us against freedom and self-respect." Nehru during that time was in prison and was on the same page with Tagore and was also shocked by this unscientific statement of Gandhi. He wondered to rely on Gandhi anymore and hence wrote, "Of many hard lessons that I had learnt, the hardest and most painful now faced me; that it is not possible in any vital matter to rely on any one. One must journey through life alone; to rely on others is to invite heartbreak." But undaunted Gandhi stood by what he said and wrote that though they seem to have physical origins, somehow are connected with man 's morals.