Slavery existed in Western Europe and in Africa, however, it was fundamentally different from the Americas, as it was not centered around the color of one’s skin and how one looked. The colonization of the New World was built upon the principles of European financial and cultural hegemony over the rest of the world; African enslavement was a necessity that would allow this grand plan to reach fruition. While the act of slavery itself is inhumane, racial slavery is truly wretched and devalued human life to such an extent that millions needlessly died in the European pursuit of wealth and power. Europeans simply categorized everyone in West Africa as the same, to justify slave trade, ignoring culture, customs, and differences between tribes. Even though, Africa was already developed, Europeans lied about them as savage backwards people when such a reality did not exist, “In complexity and prosperity, many African societies compared with those of Europe and Central America” (Clark, pg.
Tituba is in her forties. Parris brought her with him from Bardados, where he spent some years as a merchant” (17). The Commercial slavery was the logical extension both of the need to acquire a cheap labor force for burgeoning planter economies, and of the desire to construct Europe’s cultures as ‘civilized’ in contrast to the native, the cannibal and the savage (Ashcroft et al., 1998). The slavery system not only consumed the black physically but also destroyed them spiritually. In The Crucible, Tituba, a black woman and slave, is suffering from loss of ambitious to return home under slavery.
Their human rights were destroyed from the first step of Atlantic Slave trade. According to “Thoughts ad Sentiments on the Evil and Wicked Traffic of the Slavery add Commerce of the Human Species,” written by Ottobah, A native of Africa, mentions “I was first kidnapped and betrayed by some of my own complexion” which shows African slaves were not going for their own will and destroyed human rights. Later in 16th century, most of African countries that were enforced to export slaves and kingdoms established special law in order to export more slaves. Law states that if one can’t sell slave, that guy is sold as slaves. Therefore, African people betrayed others, which led huge chaos and huge amount of African were (change to being) sold as slaves, which lead to complete chaos (and that resulted in complete chaos).
Before the European settlers arrived in America even the Native Americans had their own slaves. Slavery was a very argumentative issue in America and, in fact, was the root cause of both the Haitian revolution and the American Civil War. The importation of slaves to Europe began when the Portuguese Crown gave up its monopoly of the slave trade in Europe leading to private ownership of slaves. This caused the European settlers, especially the Portuguese, to bring more slaves to the Americas directly from Africa. The Spanish were the first to use African slaves in the New World on islands such as Cuba and Hispaniola with the first African slaves arriving in Hispaniola in 1501.
Africa was filled with such incredible natural resources such as; copper, ivory, and rubber, the europeans countries competed among themselves to control the colonies. The natives lost control of land and independence, the Africans were used as slaves, the interest in the waterways to Asia also pulled them towards Africa. European countries took away people 's homes and way of life and it isn 't fair to the native people. Great Britain and France were the two countries that owned most of the land in Africa. Great Britain owned Egypt and Sudan whereas France owned Algeria and Tunisia.
Since the Chattel slavery has to do with slaves becoming personal property, the way that people of color were kidnapped and treated, they were bought, sold and traded at their owner’s expense. This is what is known as Chattel Slavery and since the Atlantic Slave Trade was done in such a brutal manner due to the way the black people were taken from their homes and separated from their families forever. Chattel Slavery will always be known as a form of slavery that relates to all the types of brutalities that the black people were condemned to suffer for many years. Even though at the beginning the slavery, this type of system was something that was not correct and legal, many people went ahead and decided to start the Chattel Slavery trade, even if many people did not know about it. Unfortunately for many blacks who became slaves, they were traded as merchandise for goods.
The Haitian Revolution was caused by oppressive slavery and discrimination against all but the French elite and led to the death of French and Haitians alike, the French’s expulsion from the island, and the spread of hope and freedom to other oppressed people all over the world. To start, the Haitian Revolution was started due to a variety of factors. But probably the most important one was slavery and oppression that was forced upon peoples from Africa who were imported to Haiti (Then Saint Domingue) and discriminated against even if they were free, just because of the color of their skin. To give context, from the years before 1791, slavery was incredibly harsh against slaves. The perpetrators of the cruelty were the French because they viewed themselves as superior and sons of the French Revolution that overthrew an oppressive government in France.
Race and gender provided the foundation for the colonization and enslavement of Native American and Africans, and class worked in consequence of these constructs. Through American colonization, our understanding and adoption of these social constructs altered completely. Before, neither Native American, Africans, or Europeans truly identified with ‘race’; emphasis was mainly put on gender and class. After colonization, the intersection of race, class, and wealth becomes truly apparent through the enslavement and maltreatment of African women. The subordination of African women supplied the British with the “legal foundation for slavery and the future definitions of racial difference.” This is seen in the Virginia Slave Codes, in which black femininity was harshly policed through laws that outlined racial differences and stripped black women of privileges, effectively blocking them from power.
Introduction Slavery a system under which people are treated as property. Deprived of the right to leave, to refuse to work, or to demand compensation, slaves were seen as little more than cattle. The most well-known occurrence of slavery is that of the African people who were not only enslaved in their homeland but taken unwilling from such to become servants under European rule in the ‘New World’ (the Americas). Slavery in the Americas had a contentious history, and played a major role in the history and evolution of some countries, triggering at least one revolution and one civil war, as well as numerous rebellions. ‘Captive Africans and their descendants paid with their blood and sweat for the phenomenal expansion of human possibilities
INTRODUCTION In the eighteenth and early nineteenth epoch, there existed no identity for Me a Trinidadian born slave. Fears of our physical strength, historical background, color and fears of the unknown resulted in us being condemned which resulted in I “Sharper” Anthony M. (1975 pg. 47) dominating a violent mean of slave defiance. As a result of our quest for the provision of means, better living conditions and the possibility of life for which we are dependent upon by our slave masters was their way of up keeping/controlling the “social pyramid” as mention in The Caribbean People Book Two Honychurch, L. (1980 pg. 102).