Driving Privileges and Performance in School In many states, students are losing their driving privileges due to their performance in school. (Hook) Some state legislatures assume that without their license, high schoolers will be encouraged to focus more on their studies. The legislatures believe an adolescent’s ability to drive should be centered around their gpa and attendance in class. This specific tyranny must end. There are many reasons why this should not be the case, including jobs, the unavailability of educational resources, and other responsibilities a student will not be able to fulfill.
Decades ago, children of various races could not go to school together in many locations of the United States. School districts could segregate students, legally, into different schools according to the color of their skin. The law said these separate schools had to be equal. Many schools for children that possessed color were of lesser quality than the schools for white students. To have separate schools for the black and white children became a basic rule in southern society.
Title: Mendez v. Westminster (1946) Abstract: The Mendez v. Westminster (1946) was the stepping stone to ending school segregation in California. The lawsuit was led by Gonzalo Mendez and five other parents who were denied enrollment of their children in an Anglo school. This led them to protest and then file a class-action lawsuit against the Westminster School District of Orange County California. Accusing them of segregating Mexican and Latin decent students. With the help attorney Dave Marcus, the plaintiffs were able to prove segregation in schools by using social and educational theories conducted by social scientist.
Many African-American and Latino students were disproportionately being placed in EMR classes. This caused for a class action lawsuit by five African-American children against San Francisco Unified School District, the State Superintendent Wilson Riles, and members of both the state’s and city’s board of education. The plaintiffs challenged the use of certain assessments to place students into EMR classes. It was found that in-fact IQ test were found to be discriminatory because IQ tests did not eliminate cultural bias. This called for California school districts to stop using IQ tests for placement and identification of African-American children into special education classes.
Despite numerous reforms over the decades, the public education system has faced various criticisms in relations to its effectiveness. Many taxpayers, business leaders, educators and government officials have criticized public schools’ less than optimal performance and the failure of schools to address the needs of the diverse American society (Nelson, Palonsky & McCarthy, 2010). This paper examines some of the major reasons why schools are such a focus for criticism and reform efforts. It will achieve this by discussing the inequality of opportunity, bureaucratic systems, achievement-based outcome, privatization of public schools, reforms and the impact of globalization on education. Over the years, public schools in the US are required to provide quality education for every child, regardless of race, gender, ethnicity and socioeconomic status.
Even though desegregation was implemented, it took a while for schools to actually get desegregated. At the time it was finally put into place, there were three high schools in the Odessa: Ector, which was 90% minority, Odessa High, which was 93% white, and Permian, which was 99% white. People figured the simplest way to integrate the schools would be to move students around, but there was one problem, that solution would have destroyed the football program. Odessa was so worried about ruining the football program, even ten years after the court implemented desegregation Odessa remained a segregated town. In Odessa there is a physical line that split the blacks and the whites, a railroad.
According to the Article “Diane Ravitch: Charter Schools are a Colossal Mistake. Here’s why” Diane believes charter schools are just taking money away from public schools and steering away from the real problem, which is academic performances are low where poverty and racial segregation is high. Charter schools are not reforming schools for the better. She says they go to the extreme of pushing students out of the chance to go to the charter school, because they’re afraid it will bring down there test scores. When before charters school were supposed to be working with public schools and help the weaker students get that extra help they need to do better in school.
What if your school eliminated all the logos, pictures, patterns, and even some colors from your clothing options? This exact thing has happened at around twenty-three percent of public schools in the U.S, and your school could be next. Unless you enjoy being forced to wear the same thing every day, school uniforms are most likely clashing with your ideas of a good education. School uniforms hinder students because they are difficult to enforce, students lose freedom of expression, and they are an unfair expense or even a financial burden for parents. ` First of all, school uniforms are extremely difficult to enforce.
Before the Fisher case, in 1996, in HOPWOOD, the Fifth Circuit of Appeals ruled that the University of Texas could not use race as a factor for attaining diversity. In addition to the ruling, this legislation had one exception, Texas high school seniors who were in the top ten percent of their class were would gain automatic admission to any Texas state university. The University of Texas research study called Proposal to Consider Race and Ethnicity in Admissions, the school believed they were failing to enroll underrepresented students needed to attain the full educational benefits of diversity (R. Kennedy 2013). The University of Texas began using race as factor when choosing new and incoming students for enrollment. This shows race in a positive manner in a prospective student’s application that the plaintiff’s in the case of the students Abigail Fisher and Rachel Michalewicz, challenged in Fisher v. University of Texas.
Ever since then, every grade level has to take a state test. Many public schools had to defund the arts programs to improve the state test scores in the required subjects. Schools that are performing the lowest are pressured to concentrate on having more qualified teachers to teach reading, math, and history classes rather than art, theater, and music classes. Kathleen Manzo with knowledge of education and social policy finds the problems is that the budget cuts and the shortage of teachers will cause less time for the resources that can be used in the art programs. Without the arts, the school is reducing the capability to give young students a complete education.
It also lacked a history of why this started to happen in schools around the nation. Blank and Berg cited Noel Epstein 's quote from her book Who’s in Charge Here? Which said “While policymaking elites have focused for decades on academic issues, polls have shown the public to be more concerned about inadequate parental involvement…”(Blank and Berg). This goes to show that politicians believe it is bad schooling while the public believe it is bad parenting. And so the idea of sharing responsibility for the child was created in an attempt to have the parents, the school, and the community to all help in raising the child.
He states this because he did not believe that Topeka’s white schools and black schools were equal. The Court declined his argument. The Court determined that the segregated schools were considerably equal enough under the Plessy doctrine. It wasn 't until the mid twentieth century when Brown v Board of Education came into play that Plessy’s argument was given the okay by the constitution. The Court tried to use Plessy v. Ferguson to deny the argument that Oliver Brown was giving during the Brown v. Board of Education case.
Another thing that places students of color at a disadvantage in college admissions is the persisting cultural bias in high-stakes testing. “High-stakes” tests are those that are tied to major consequences, such as admission to college, or even high school graduation. Fair education reform advocates have long been citing an extensive record of standardized testing concerns, many of which relate to racial bias and discrimination. As researcher and author Harold Berlak explains in the journal Rethinking Education: Standardized testing perpetuates institutionalized racism and contributes to the achievement gap between whites and minorities. For instance, the deeply embedded stereotype that African Americans perform poorly on standardized tests