Racism is the belief or idea of superiority of one race over another, often resulting in discrimination and/or prejudice towards people of the race. The ideology underlying racist practices often includes the idea that humans can be divided into distinct groups that are different due to their social behavior and their innate capacities as well as the idea that they can be ranked as inferior or superior. Since the late 20th century the notion of biological race has been recognized as a cultural invention, entirely without scientific basis. Structural Racism in the U.S. is the normalization of an array of dynamics – historical, cultural, institutional and interpersonal – that routinely advantage whites while producing cumulative and chronic adverse outcomes for people of color. It is a system of hierarchy and inequity, primarily characterized by white supremacy – the preferential treatment, privilege and power for white people at the expense of Black, Latino, Asian, Pacific Islander, Native American, Arab and other racially oppressed people.
Germania, written by Roman author Tacitus, presents several examples throughout his work informing the reader of the various groups of the Germanic people. He presents detailed descriptions of culture and customs of different ethnic groups. Tacitus, being Roman, does not describe the Germans completely negatively, but rather describes them as sometimes living a simpler, more pure lifestyle than his more excessive Roman contemporaries. Tacitus uses the category of ethnicity and race to define people as a disguise to the threats that the Germanic tribes posed to the Roman Empire. Tacitus portrays the Germani as barbarians from an unpleasant and isolated land with a bitter climate range.
I intend to discuss this topic in two separate parts, beginning with the history, origin and development of the Nazi flag, and then on its effect on the people of Germany, and its subsequent associations and stigmatization. As a result of the atrocities committed during World War II, the Nazi Flag has become a universally recognised symbol of hate and oppression. However, its origin and history were the complete antithesis of the modern day perception of the Nazi Flag and its anti-Semitic associations. In his 1925 autobiography, Mein Kampf, Adolf Hitler wrote: “I myself, meanwhile, after innumerable attempts, had laid down a final form; a flag with a red background, a white disk, and a black swastika in the middle. After long trials I also found a definite proportion between the size of the flag and the size of the white disk, as well as the shape and thickness of the swastika.” Adolf Hitler created the flag in this specific way for a number of reasons, and he explained this as follows: ‘those revered colours expressive of our homage to the glorious past and which once brought so much honour to the German nation.’ This is referencing the colours of the old German Empire.
Furthermore, he hated how the colonists were treated. He wrote another essay “Future of Ruined Germany” that I want to put a full focus in this essay. The “Future of a Ruined Germany” is based on Germany after the Second World War. On the first paragraph I mentioned that power makes both positive and negative outcomes. What does this essay tells us about power?
The mere idea about removing this word from “Huckleberry Fin” is preposterous. By removing the word nigger, we are removing the whole meaning of the book. We are removing the reason and the effect Mark Twain was trying to laminate. He was trying to teach people the history behind this offensive word and how powerful a single word can be. As stated in the article, “In Defense of a Loaded Word,” the author said, “’Nigger is border, the signpost that reminds us that the old crimes don’t disappear.” The reason Mark Twain wrote “Huckleberry Finn” using this word was because he wanted to demonstrate that racial prejudice and slavery was still prevalent during their time.
The most important cause was military reorganization. The least important of the four causes is war guilt. The Article 231 forced Germany to take full responsibility for the war, this angered the German people. However, Hitler restored a sense of pride, reawakened a sense of self respect, forcing the world to look at Germany anew. Article 231 was viewed as a horrible
What is left are the remains of the sites of these murders and the historical record. What is left also is the certainty that these extermination camps were a manifestation of absolute evil.” Schroder also uses pathos and emotional appeal to connect with his audience. He takes responsibility for the German population, but then states the beginning point to when the Jews were first free and he uses statistics to show that the Jewish community is a large part in Germany creating a sense of formality. He also states that this community is an irreplaceable part of their society and culture and it is a brilliant and painful part in history (Schroder). Schroder uses strong diction and word choice to encourage the audience feel empathy to those who have lost their lives or the Holocaust survivors.
Dehumanization of Jews Anti-Semitism has existed in Europe for many centuries but Hitler enhanced anti-Semitism during his dictatorship of Germany. Anti-Semitism, a form of Jewish racism came into action with Hitler’s support of nationalism in Germany. It changed the way the Germans saw Jewish people. The theme “how we see things” demonstrates itself through the contrast of perspective between the Nazis and their Jewish captives. Henry David Thoreau quotes that “the question is not what you look at, but what you see” which explains that different people see different things from the image of the same thing.
The Holocaust’s Importance Even though the Enlightenment brought and encouraged religious toleration, some people interpreted some of its ideas wrongly. The incorrect interpretation of Darwin’s theory of evolution and other sociological conceptions gave rise to some racial ideas like Social Darwinism, Fascism, Nazism. After WWI, the German Veteran Adolf Hitler blamed Jews for the defeat. He also predicted a global war on Jews in his book “Mein Kampf,” My Struggle. Hitler and some German socialists believed in the purity of Germans’ ethnicity; they saw Jews and Gypsies as the most dangerous threat to their race purity.
The author has dramatized how Liesel used words to create her own safe haven in times of crisis and war. The second theme talks about the duality of Nazi Germany. While one on side Rudy is considered to a pure Aryan to be recruited in the Nazi Army, he internally idealises the African- American, Jesse Owens, which contradicts the ideology of Hitler. The Hubermanns too after the arrival of Max pretend to be law abiding citizens while infact they could be arrested for being traitors of the country. Thus the theme reflects how in oppressive times people practice humanity in hiding and pretend to be in support of the oppressive power at the same time.