The second, is alienation from the product. In Marxist time and in today’s modern world we are involved in an abundance of mass production. In a capitalist system, people are placed in a position where they are responsible in making a minor part of the goods. The goods of work belong to the capitalist and is sold for their profit, whereas the workers gain nothing. Therefore, Marx concluded that the greater effort the workers put into their job, the lesser they benefit.
In conclusion, Oscar argues that disobedience is a valuable human trait and that it promotes social progress and also how rebellion and disobedience can lead to positive changes in the economical and social viewpoint. It can help learn from history and help us expand our way of mind and people can learn a few new things from it also. It many lead down a pathway in which it improves lives as well our society for positive changes and help us unite with other people to fight what in we believe
Imperialism means one country extends control and power over another, not necessarily through settlement (effects of social Darwinism). Imperialism was justified by Social Darwinism because social Darwinism was the view that the strongest race would survive and the weaker would eventually die off. Imperialism justified that the weaker the country was struggling the "greater country" could force its customs on the other country. Imperialism benefits a small, favored group but never the nation as a whole. Social Darwinist believed that Imperialism was the expected expansion and an accomplishment of a well-evolved culture and the expansion would help remove or perfect an underperforming cultures.
The poster depicted the revolution as a positive development for the workers. It conveyed the message that the Russian revolution led to an improved version of Russia, The USSR. The poster wanted to elicit positive feelings about communism. It showed that overthrowing the Tsars and the development of the USSR was the betterment of the population, thus promising better lives and future. The poster primarily uses plain folks propaganda technique since its showing the together the workers can help create a better Russia.
Adorno and Horkheimer elucidated the cultural industry in the capitalist society as a condition of enlightenment that has taken over the social life of human by rationality. (Horkheimer, Max, and Theodor W. Adorno, 1972) The concept of cultural industry is a main aspect of late capitalism in which it markets the production of culture that is in opposition to “authentic culture”. (Horkheimer, Max, and Theodor W. Adorno, 1972) Unlike the “authentic culture” which is not goal-oriented, culture industry is subjected to economic success and profit maximization (also, the main focus of capitalism). Cultural products are created to appease the capitalistic mass consumers’ increasing demands for entertainment. Adorno and Horkeimer posit that the phenomenon of the mass-produced culture in cultural industry serves as a purpose to ensure the continued passivity and obedience of the capitalist mass consumers.
The haves, or the bourgeoisie, were the capitalist that controlled the means of production, while the have-nots, or the proletariat, were the working class that were exploited by the capitalists. Marx believed that in a capitalist society the rich bourgeoisie control the economy and that the proletariat are alienated. Stripped of their self worth they are forced to produce more than they consume. The surplus of their labor is only enjoyed by the capitalist elite. He felt it should be the workers that should be in control.
In bourgeoisie society, there is living labor, but it is used to increase collected labour but in a communist society, collected labour exists but it is broadened, improved and shows appreciation and encouragement to the existence of the laborer. Communist robs no man of the authority to apposite the products of civilization. Mark speaks about different divisions of communist and literature. He mentions the reactionary socialism which includes the bourgeois socialists which are individuals who fight against the bourgeoisie society and their development of production. They are against the bourgeoisie because they see their approach of life as a hazard.
The rise of the proletariats did not mean the rise of means of production within the capitalistic society, but the belief Marx had that the contradictions that existed between the bourgeois and the proletariat would favour the rise of the majority party and the downfall of the minority, bourgeois party (Haralambos and Holborn, 2008). He saw the two classes and how those (proletariats) who did more work received less because all they had to offer was the labour power and how the other bourgeois class gained all the monetary gain through this exploitation. Marx believed that tensions and conflicts would rise between capitalists causing the downfall of the system (Marsh, 1996). To him, polarization (working population splitting and being identified as two different groups: capitalists and labourers), homogenization (two polarized groups causing workers to be alike due to work and loss of traditional skills) and pauperization (wage workers are turned into paupers because their wages do not increase with the rise of profits even though workload increases) are inevitable and are the main tensions that will bring down capitalism (Marsh, 1996). According to Marx, the magnitude of the contradictions between the two social classes was increasing with the rise of capitalism.
The superiority of machinery was exaggerated when compared to the social costs of the unfair treatment of workers, but through Owen 's "A New View of Society", it shined a light to recognize the moral issues of worker standards during the Industrial Revolution. Owen mentioned that workers are "far more wonderfully constructed" (Owen, 320) than machines and he proved in his speech how workers can be more than meets the eye. Human labour are more beneficial than machinery through better capital gain and revenue, unity on a social scale, and creative methods on completing
One document that should be included is a party platform of a political leader who does not believe that socialism is the answer. Particularly is the writing of Thomas Malthus who had, in one of his earlier work, argued that by increasing wages, it would increase the life span of people and our population would become unsustainable. It would be interesting to read a letter or a written diatribe from him, criticizing the works of socialists. This would provide another viewpoint to the time period because it would show that not all political groups or people believed that socialism was the best way to solve the problems that plagued the working class. The audience of this document would most likely be the public and the socialists, but not the poor who were unable to read.
The Industrial Workers of the World came into existence in 1905 was a revolutionary unionism known for its radical and militant approach. Its goal was to ensure that unity and completeness was afforded to both skilled and unskilled workers and not solidarity by occupation. Efficiency was not a concern of the union, for they took issue with the fact that the employers reaped monumental monetary gain, while the workers barely made enough to take care of themselves or their families. Its goal was to form one union, which would be opened to all workers, without any barriers. This was known as the “One Big Union.” (page 83) Mission and its sole purpose was to overthrow capitalist.