A link between poverty, low educational attainment and poorer health outcomes with increased morbidity and mortality is well established (Causes of Health Disparities, n.d.). Also, certain religious practices may not allow one person to obtain the believed cure or care needed to prevent certain illnesses and diseases. A lack of income and low educational attainment decreases one 's chances of having quality access to healthcare. If one is not able to afford health care or is ignorant to what the health care field has to offer, illness and disease may build up over time, increasing chances for a health disparity. Gender and age could also cause one not to want to obtain health care, furthermore decreasing their health.
Health Disparities & Racism Racism is defined as the poor treatment of or violence against people because of their race and the belief that one race is superior to the other (Merriam-Webster 2015). Many people do not see racism as a factor in our mental and physical health, but it is. Throughout the United States there have been several studies done to see how racism and discrimination can cause health problems and therefore health disparities in our society. A health disparity is defined as difference in morbidity, mortality, and access to healthcare (Dressler, Oths & Gravlee, 2005). All of these studies have one thing in common, that it is very clear that racism takes a toll on individuals’ health and is a major cause of health disparities
What are causes of health disparities? Causes of health disparities could be attributed to socioeconomic status and education. A link between those who live in poorer communities and poor health outcomes are often related. Members of these communities are exposed to many health problems causing them to have poor health. Members of these communities also lack education about overall health which could be a reason why health disparities are more prominent in these areas.
Patients have suffered unnecessarily due to lack of health care, and “18,000 Americans die every year because they don't have health insurance” (PNHP). Health care is essential for Americans despite pre-existing conditions, and a free market insurance program would allow citizens to received the health care that is so desperately needed. A universal health care system is a matter of human rights and would solve America’s problem of one sixth of the population being
The agitation leaves the consumer vulnerable and cut off from yet another part of the world leaving a road block between the healthcare provider and consumer. Doctor Parikh, Parker, Nurss Baker and Williams believe that many patients with low literacy may not admit they have difficulty reading because of shame; more importantly they exposed that African-Americans men are more likely to have education less than a high school and be over the age of 60 years old (Williams, 1996). When the consumer is not educated this can disincentive the communication level possibly leaving the patient uninsured or underinsured. If the consumer is in good health we relate that to a level of education about healthcare. Health literacy is a very vital part of healthcare.
Socioeconomic differences are closely tied to income, for instance, immigrant workers have a low income and are therefore unable to access quality care as they can barely afford it, they therefore cannot afford private hospitals and therefore flock public hospitals whose quality of care is wanting. On the other hand a bureaucrat on wall street can be able to afford the highest quality of care and its more likely he is of the white race while the immigrant is Latino there is therefore a sharp contrast between the two indicates that race is a factor in health provision and may even contribute to discrimination in the provision of health services. Socio economic status also affects the perception the doctor has of the patient, as I realized from an experience whereby the doctor was talking to an immigrant his tone was condescending, cold and arrogant, but when the same doctor was talking to a well dressed lady who appeared affluent his tone was warm, polite and friendly. This therefore differences in socioeconomic stratification affected doctor patient communication. From my time in the hospital I also noted underrepresentation of racialized groups in the medical profession which contributed to the discrimination in health care system, since the minorities did not have
For a great many Americans, a stable employment in safe working conditions implies more than just a compensation check. Employment can likewise the income, advantages, and security important for good health. On the other side, work misfortune and unemployment are connected with an assortment of negative health impacts. Businesses can establish an assortment of procedures, including work environment wellbeing programs, work security preparing, and instruction activities to keep employees healthy and help their primary concern. Income significantly affected health as those with higher incomes would be wise to access to health care facilities, higher future expectancy, lower new-born child mortality rate and expanded health awareness.
According to Baldwin (2003) health care disparities are the differences in health and health care between population groups including race, socioeconomic status, age, location, gender, disability, and sexual orientation. Disparities limits the improvements of quality health care which could result in unnecessary health care expenses. Factors that are contributing to disparities within today’s society are lack of access to quality health care and the number of individuals who are uninsured. As the population continue to grow and become more diverse health care disparities will continue to increase. Patient centered care efforts will improve health care and will assist with eliminating disparities.
This quote is from a research paper that highlighted the importance of eliminating health disparities in order to promote “graceful aging (1)”. Generally speaking, the facilitation of “graceful aging” for racial minorities has been particularly challenging. Prevailing racial disparities in nursing home care quality exemplify this reality. In recent years, though there have been some improvements in nursing home care quality, Blacks are still more likely to receive suboptimal care in nursing homes, compared to Whites (2). For instance, a nationally representative study in the U.S. found influenza and pneumococcal vaccination rates to be lower among Black nursing home residents compared to Whites, indicating potential racial disparities in the reception of preventative care (3).
As stated in Understanding Social Problems, " Socioeconomic status refers to a person 's position in society based on that person 's level of educational attainment, occupation, and household income." (Mooney, 40). Socioeconomic status affects one 's health in a various amount of ways. For example, people who do not earn a great amount of money are in lower socioeconomic status; which means the quality of their health care benefits are not as good a someone who has a high socioeconomic status. Without good health care, people are not able to get the proper treatment they need to be healthy.
For both the uninsured group and those who are eligible for government assistance because of their low economic position, access to health is limited by the number of private providers willing to treat them. In many cases private providers are linked to particular private health insurance companies and won 't accept patients outside their network. These people must then rely on the overburdened public health system for care, and as such usually only seek treatment in emergencies. The public health system, while filled with competent staff, is nevertheless restricted by its funding and can therefore not always provide all these patients with the best quality of care. The inequality in health care access is a continuing issue in America and as such it is important for future consumers and workers on the Foothill College campus to have a thorough understanding of the issue so they can move to improve the problem in the
Introduction In the United States (U.S.), health disparities are reported as a continuous focus area to resolve minorities health (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2014). The Deaf and Hard of Hearing (DHOH) people is considered an underserved study minority population who experience great health disparities (Barnett & Franks, 2002; Pick, 2013). In the area of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), health disparities affect the US people and efforts are being made eliminate CVD health disparities, especially in the DHOH communities of America (Mckee, Mckee, Winters, Sutter, & Pearson, 2014; Pick, 2013). The underlining causes of health disparities as it relates to CVD prevention in the DHOH population are the lack of community-based
Another major problem would be how a profusion of African Americans lack methods to pay for the treatment of muscular dystrophy, which results in early deaths. In fact, they are 1.5 times more likely to lack any type of health insurance and are twice as likely to rely on Medicaid. As a certified doctor in orthopedics, I plan to provide the best health care to patients no matter the skin color. I also understand that not everyone is able to pay for their procedures; therefore, I plan to utilize my knowledge to discover various efficient and affordable ways of providing
According to Page-Reeves et al.,(2013), fear of cost is not something that the individuals with health insurance or adequate incomes experienced. The uninsured minority face health problem because they cannot afford to pay for health care. Many of them are not working and even managing to buy thing for their basic needs first than to think of health care, which results to health problems being untreated and undiagnosed at the earlier stage and can lead to chronic health problems. The predicament then will develops to more difficult health problems later on in
This health fair shows the limited contact many of the participants have with the health care system, because majority lack health insurance, and find medical costs unaffordable. Despite the expansion to healthcare through the Affordable Care Act, participants in this study were mostly uninsured, drastically reducing their access to quality health care. Similar to other immigrant groups, barriers that may be responsible for the high rates of uninsured African immigrants include language barriers and health literacy. Some of the participants speak English as a second language; this does not only affect their ability to communicate but also affects their ability to comprehend health or insurance information. (31) Another potential obstacle is that the data on the number of the currently uninsured African immigrants who know about their coverage options is lacking, as earlier mentioned this group is likely categorized as Black or African American.