Institutional discrimination is when laws favor a dominant group while minority groups are not favored, and this thought process is embedded into the norms of society. The pattern that we see in the history of Native American and African Americans is that white Americans always believed that they were the dominant race and all laws that were created, were made to favor only themselves. One idea that white Americans shared was that both ethnic groups previously mentioned were inferior and that these groups were not capable of coexisting with them. These thoughts were embedded into society early on and were the main justification for both slavery and Indian removal. The main difference that we see between both racial ethnic groups is that white Americans believed that they could strip Native Americans from their culture and civilize them while “nurture could not improve the nature of blacks” (67).
Asian Americans tended to be restricted to segregated neighborhoods, segregated schools. They often did not have the kind of job prospects that white people had. They would be barred from certain kinds of employment either by law or by custom (Guo, 2016, para-4 under the heading ‘An important argument in your book’). Between the years of 1940 and 1970, Asian Americans exceeded the average household earnings of African Americans. Also, they were able to close the wage gap with whites (Guo, 2016, para-1).
It all began in 1776 since the period called colonial and slave era and still exists nowadays. Racism is due to racial discrimination which led to loss of political rights and social rights. It’s often against Africans, Asian, and Latin who immigrated to north America. The English Americans were the only civilization who had the political rights, citizenship, voting rights and owning lands. Other races were discriminated especially the jews, irish and Italians, suffering from all kind of racism inequalities like slavery, segregation, and residential camps.
Equality between the races is something that does not exist in the United States. Racism is often thought of in terms of skin color, but it not only concerns the Black/White racism. There is racial discrimination between Americans and Chinese, Japanese. In America White Americans quite often treat Native Americans, African Americans, Asian Americans and Latin Americans in a bad way. Black people, who live there were fighting against inequality for many years.
Ironically, some speculate that is one of the ways that Asian American stereotypes are to its host’s detriment. In America, there has been a drastic uptick in Asian immigrants. In ten years from 1990, Asian naturalised citizens raised to a quarter of the American immigrant population.
Using the term “Asian American” means that the unique features for this racial group are kept. As mentioned above, the United States is a multi-ethnic community so there are many groups of people. The term Asian American or African American is to demonstrate the differences and their origins. This is the salad bowl theory. The salad bowl concept describes the integration of the many different cultures of United States residents combine like a salad.
Asian Americans have also had a drastic change in public perceptions over the years. For example, the celebrated Dr. Seuss supported Japanese American internment and created propaganda in its favor(Guo). These leads many to wonder about Asian American citizens enigmatic rise to a more respected position and what was the cost of these new stereotypes(Ocampo et. al,683). Stereotypes of East Asians, including the model minority stereotype, have a complex history and lead to negative effects both in education,socially, and in the workplace.
Asian population has increased after last century and Latin is the major minority these days. With racism, it is no doubt for this kind of nation to work properly. Overcoming racism has always been a major problem to solve. Civil Rights movement was one of the great examples. But, many people still believe that racism does exist and influence the daily life of people.
After the Civil War, African Americans had finally gained their freedom following years of being forced into an inhumane slave system that dehumanized their entire race. Even though the 13th Amendment abolished the institution of slavery, that did not change people's views of African Americans; whites still viewed blacks as inferior to them. As the African Americans were starting to finally build lives for themselves without the help of their former masters, whites’ resentment of African Americans grew because of their growth in America both economically and politically. Even as African Americans faced discrimination because of their race, Native Americans also faced discrimination from white society because of their culture. Natives overall were very different than the average Americans, and because of that, white Americans wanted to change their diet, clothing, and overall lives to make them become more “civilized.” Both African and Native Americans faced prejudice through the Mississippi Plan and the Dawes’ Act, respectively, in the second half of the nineteenth century.
There is no adequate background concerning the ethnic issue since 1930’s because of its declination. Historically experts can trace permanent French settlement in Canada in 1660 till 1683. Slavery trade also contributed to ethnicity immigration from Central Africa to Europe and United States. Ethnic immigration is very rare in the modern world it receded mainly to primitive tribes, where it led to the diversity of nations. It had been controlled though by providing protection to persecuted members and criminalizing the ethnic differentiation as in Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation.