The jury convicted Tom Robinson because he was colored and back then white people believed they had to stick together against the colored people. This shows that based on the evidence Tom Robinson was only convicted because of his skin color. Based on all the information provided at the trial of Tom Robinson the jury should have found him not guilty. But in the south, white people were racist towards people of color. As a result of this Tom Robinson was found guilty with no evidence to prove that he was.
So, if everyone knows that lying has consequences, then why do people even lie in the first place? In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee answers this question. The main characters in this book are two kids named Jem and Scout, as well as their father named Atticus. The book takes place in the 1930’s when segregation and racial injustice were prominent. Therefore, when Atticus is appointed to defend a African American man, named Tom Robinson, who is accused of raping a white woman, it is a big deal.
Flaws in the American Judiciary Sysytem Flaws in the American judiciary system lead to unfair trials and verdicts. Examples of this issue are shown in both productions of 12 Angry Men and To Kill A Mockingbird, as well as the book To Kill A Mockingbird. In both 12 Angry Men and To Kill A Mockingbird, there are two African Americans put on trial, and both are given an unfair trial because the juries and judges have prejudices against African Americans. Jurors are also heavily influenced by moral cowardice, or avoiding taking a principled stand for fear of the disapproval of others. 12 Angry Men and To Kill a Mockingbird depict trials that expose the flaws of the American judiciary system in the fact that juries are not always consisted of the defendant 's peers, judges and juries both have racist views, and juries are influenced by moral cowardice.
Novelist Harper Lee, in her book To Kill a Mockingbird, depicts the racism and inequalities in the town of Maycomb by having a white man, Atticus Finch, defend Tom Robinson who was black. Lee’s purpose is to show the world is unfair between races and we need to have compassion for others. She adopts a serious tone to appeal to people’s morals to do the right the thing by those seeking changes for equality. Throughout his closing argument, Atticus ensures credibility, mentioning God, and by presenting evidence that Tom Robinson is not guilty but someone in the courtroom is, to explain Mayella’s reasoning to lie. When Atticus presented the “circumstantial evidence to indicate Mayella Ewell was beaten savagely by someone who led almost exclusively with his left hand”, he mentions Mr. Ewell “did what any God-fearing .
If it was not for Tom Robinson being protected by Atticus, he would have died earlier than he did. One of the main reasons the mop tried to kill him was not only because of how he was accused of raping a white woman, but because he was black. Nevertheless, Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird was a great book with a very interesting plot and lots of great themes that really improve the plot, consequently, one of them being racism. Racism was seen throughout the book from the trial, or from when the African Americans were treated with the least respect, or when the people tried to kill Tom Robinson before his
Billy Graham said, “Racism and injustice and violence sweep our world, bringing a tragic harvest of heartache and death.” Harper Lee depicts this in To Kill a Mockingbird by illustrating racism through Tom Robinson’s unjust trial. The novel is set in the 1930s in a small southern town in Alabama called Maycomb. In the town, a black man named Tom Robinson is accused of raping a white woman, Mayella Ewell. The people of Maycomb are quick to accuse Tom due to his race. In To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee uses the motif of racism to convey the theme that African Americans were dehumanized and not given equitable treatment during the 1930s in Alabama through Tom running away from the Ewells at the time of the alleged assault, the jury convicting Tom, and talk of Tom’s death being expected of him.
When Tom Robinson went to court for his rape case, he had lost the case before the jury even had time to come up with the verdict. I can prove this by saying"Scout realizes that although it may appear that Tom is given a fair trial, “in the secret court of men’s hearts Atticus had no case. Tom was a dead man the minute Mayella Ewell opened her mouth.” Scout understands that, despite evidence of the contrary, the white jury will believe a white person instead of a black person"(Champion). Even though Tom was innocent just because he wasn 't white he was set to die the moment he stepped into the courtroom. If people saw past his skin color and actually looked at the evidence.
Tom Robinson was a black man convicted of rape at a time when the Jim Crow laws were at their most potent, thus there was a large power divide between the white population and the black one. Since the jury was composed of all white men the odds facing Atticus’s success in this case where astronomical. However, Atticus chooses to take the case. In taking the case alone Atticus demonstrates great social courage, for social courage is when you persevere to the end of a task despite social adversity and pushback. This pushback is shown by multiple instances in which Jem and Scout are made fun of for their father is a “n****r lover”.
The Right Thing “Sometimes it is better to lose and do the right thing than to win and do the wrong thing.”-Tony Blair. In the book, To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch realized this very truth. When someone approached Atticus about defending a black man named Tom Robinson, Atticus had a serious decision to make. MayElla Ewell recently accused Tom of raping her, and Atticus would have to prove otherwise. In this time, white people thought of black people as lower than them and did not treat them fairly.
Restoration of Hope Imagine you were a black man living in the 20th century, and you were accused of raping a white girl. Because she is white and you are black, you are declared guilty and given the death penalty. In Harper Lee’s novel To Kill A Mockingbird, a man of color named Tom Robinson was accused of raping a white girl. Atticus, the father of the main character Scout and her brother Jem, is selected to defend Tom from the death penalty and a crime he didn’t commit. Scout retells their story and eventually Tom’s death.
You would think a jury would establish their final decision based upon the facts, but in this book, the jury had already made up its mind once it heard that the case was a white man versus a black man. Tom Robinson had no chance of freedom just because his skin was of a different color than what the jury preferred even though he was innocent, as Atticus Finch proved. Tom Robinson ended up getting killed in prison, leaving his wife and children to
Tom Robinson is in court because he is accused of raping Bob Ewell 's daughter. Tom is a black man and during that time they were still being discriminated and being treated unfairly. Bob is a white man and when a white man accuses a black man of anything the white man is the outcome is usually in the white man 's favor. In the courthouse Atticus was trying to defend Tom Robinson, he uses an allusion and says, "But there is one way in this country in which all men are created equal--there is one human institution that makes a pauper the equal of a Rockefeller, the stupid man the equal of an Einstein..." (210). Atticus alludes the jury to two of the most famous men in the era.
This quotation shows how African Americans had no say in what happened in the American criminal justice system and were treated unethically. When the quotation mentions “Twelve white men” it is referring to the jury. The fact that the jury is all white for the conviction of a black man reveals the discrimination in the American criminal justice system at this time in history. Another idea that is touched on in this novel is, “How do people come up with a date and a time to take life from another man? Who made them God?” (Gaines 157).
To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee is a very interesting book and Ms. Waugh should read this because it basically relates to the world now other than in the 1930’s when this book was written. For example, in the book a black man named Tom was accused of raping a white women and of course back then racism still existed and because the whole jury was only filled with white people he was charged guilty. Another reason why Ms. Waugh should read this book because it shows how back than there government was messed up with racism against people who weren’t there color and that is how I believe our government is now but much worse. The narrator which is Scout a girl at age 4 who has a brother named Jeremy or Jem for short at age 6, their father Atticus is a lawyer and their Mother died they were young, and they live in Maycomb, Alabama. The Main focus in the book was the life
Another model that belays that………………………is from American literature, written by Harper Lee, “To kill a mocking bird”. In the story, there was lawyer named Atticus Finch; He was pleading a black man who assaulted a white woman. All through the story, you can find that: in the past if there were a white person and a black person who fought, the white person would always be the inculpable although he might be culpable. Atticus fought against segregation and cushion the black man. Although he faced many situations that tried to make him change his mind, he refused to do so.