As Belgium started to take over Rwanda, they still give the Tutsis the power, higher status and key positions. To tell the two groups apart, they had to carry identification cards telling whether they were a Hutu or a Tutsi. By doing this it shows that you couldn 't really tell the two apart, but the Europeans wanted to create an inequality, as they treated the Tutsis as more superior. Eventually, Africa demanded for independence, resulting in the Belgians to leave Rwanda in 1962. As the Belgians left Rwanda, civil conflict between the Hutus and Tutsis soon broke out, this civil war
As a result, Tutsi supremacy remained, even though these measures did industrialize Rwanda. Also in the 1930s, the Belgians introduced identity cards labeling individuals as either Tutsi or Hutu. These identity cards prevented any further movement between the classes, and directly undermined the ubuhake system, in which privileged, hard working Hutus could become Tutsis, and less hard working and well off Tutsis could be lowered to the rank of a Hutu (Melson, “Modern Genocide in
When Okonkwo was faced with his enemies, he makes a rash decision and kills the messenger. This was a fateful act because it could urge Umuofia to attack the missionaries, but Umuofia decided to not go to war. Okonkwo explains how the white missionaries have come in and converted all the Igbo people into their religion until their own tribes become too weak to fight back against them. The white missionaries described by Okonkwo, “brought a lunatic religion, but he had also built a trading store
All of the quotes show the plain racism that Leroy-Beaulieu uses to try and normalise the Western Europeans actions and try and influence the public’s opinion. The second extreme example is the Congo Free State and the way King Leopold II ran it. King Leopold II of Belgium displayed extreme racism in his ruling of the Congo. He first put up a smoke screen to hide his true greedy, racist intentions by claiming that he wanted to educated the population. He cut off people hands, used whips, held woman hostages to bribe the men to work and created human zoos all in a racist fashion for his personal financial gain.
Surgical Sterilization was another parallel to prevent the spreading of bad genes although the practice didn’t gain as much support as it had in other countries around the globe. Similarly to the United States there were birth and marriage laws, for example the Marital Health law of October 1935 banned unions between the Hereditarily healthy and person deemed genetically unfit, Getting married and having kids was a duty for the racially fit.” So far German Eugenics seem very similar to those in the United Sates, the government worked on controlling every aspect of the population. They government was afraid of the spread of the bad genes that
As the number of aboriginals decreased and came close to extinction. The British feared this therefore they promoted the idea of racial quality which ultimately failed, though it was the basis of racial equality in Europe and America. As different races rejected the ideas of civilization the British came to question the idea if these races could actually be civilized. Then came Tomas Carlyle who was a writer that appealed to slavery. He wrote, in the 19th century, about the necessity of inequality and that it was the proper way to rule society.
• In Heart of Darkness, Conrad refers to this committee as the International Society for the Suppression of Savage Customs. Leopold II, who was to be sole ruler of this land, never set foot in the Congo Free State. Instead, he formed a company, called simply “the Company” in Heart of Darknes. Greed of Europeans: • A prevalent feeling among Europeans of the 1890s was that the African people required introduction to European culture and technology in order to become more evolved. • The responsibility for that introduction, known as the "white man 's burden," gave rise to a fervor to bring Christianity and commerce to Africa.
The history of Hutus and Tutsis go back to the time when they first got colonized by the French. No one really knows how and why Hutus and Tutsis came to be but they hypothesized that Hutus worked in with cattle and Tutsis worked in agricultural fields. Slowly the Tutsis came into power and ruled Rwanda; this pulled the separation and difference of the two groups apart because of social class differences. The Hutus soon grew hatred towards the Tutsis and started the civil wars which lead to the genocide. The life of the Tutsis during the time turned for the worse after several years of fights that broke out between Rwanda and neighboring countries.
(Achebe 129)” Chenowa Achebe speaks his thoughts on imperialism here by saying that even though the white imperialists thought they were doing good, they didn’t bother to even try to understand the natives’ feelings towards them. Although imperialism brought government stability and education, the long term effects of imperialism in Africa were negative because natives were made slaves, borders were poorly placed, and European religion/education was forced upon them. All in all, British Imperialism hurt Africa much more than it
Early racial division was clear when German and other European settlers arrived in Rwanda, creating a delineation between the Hutu and Tutsi. The Tutsi, were speculated descendants of higher-quality ancestries, including the ancient Egyptians and southern Ethiopians, along with roots from as far as Tibet. The Tutsi people’s origins have also been strangely credited to having roots that would trace back to the legendary lost city of Atlantis and even the Bible’s Garden of Eden (“Genocide in Rwanda” 237-258). Up until the 1950s, the Tutsi were considered higher than Hutu, but due to the fear of Tutsi rise in power the European settlers had “decided to raise the status of the Hutu that made up the majority of Rwanda's population”, ushering in an age of a Hutu controlled government and