How Society Affected Harper Lee In the book “To Kill a Mockingbird”, Harper Lee opened our eyes to how unfairly African Americans were treated in the 1930’s. The society Lee grew up in had a lot of racism and segregation. This society affected her in many ways that we can see throughout her book. First of all, racism was one of the things that affected Harper Lee. Many people in the South believed that African Americans were not as good as white people.
” They say that you shouldn’t judge a book by its cover, yet everyday people are judged just based on their skin color. “In this current society we see racism surrounding us, people who are mostly affected by it are Non- Whites. Discrimination Against Non- Whites, is when a minority usually gets spoken down to or not given the same opportunity to succeed just because of their skin color. When we first arrived to this country we experienced discrimination first hand; whether it was the disgusting looks my mother received from my neighbor for wearing the hijab or the racial slurs we heard as we walked by people. Discrimination against non-whites usually is caused by many Caucasian people believing they are more superior than any other race.
There are many conflicts in the world that stem from judging a person based on something that they have no control over. Racism, sexism, homophobia, and many other world issues are based on a belief of inequality. People are treated poorly because they are believed to be “less than” other people because of their race, gender, and sexual orientation. Although these are external qualities, people judge others as if people have control over something determined when they were born. The issue of inequality stemming from pre-determined characteristics is shown throughout history.
In today’s media, there are many racist people out there who categories certain people solely based on the color of their skin, religion, ethnic background, abilities, or even disabilities. Because of the existence of different classes, such as upper-class, middle class, and lower class, people tend to be treated in several ways, such as job opportunities, attitude towards someone different from oneself, and those who do not have the same opportunities as someone else due to the lack of access to education, not a lot of money, or even disability and social status. Not only does racism affect those who happen to be African-American, Hispanic, or Caucasian, but it also affects the way that one is perceived and the set values that one is “supposed”
Segregation occurs when people actively exclude members of a disadvantaged racial group from the allocation of resources and from access to institutions. The most common examples include denial of equal education, housing, employment, and health care on the basis of race (Duckitt, 2001). Physical attacks on racial outgroups have frequently been perpetrated by proponents of segregation (Green et al., 1999) and are correlated with other overt forms of discrimination (Schneider et al., 2000).
Another factor is the stigma that many cultures attach to mental health issues. In some cultures, being open about mental health struggles can lead to “social isolation and social sanctions” (Chaze, Thomson, George, & Guruge, 2015, p.96) Many immigrants are also used to seeing mental health issues as a weakness and fear not being able to trust anyone with their issues (Chaze et al., 2015, p.96). Low levels of English proficiency and the stigma that is attached to mental health are two of the many causes of low levels of mental health literacy among the immigrant population. Mental health literacy can be defined as “the ability to seek information, learn, appraise, make decisions, communicate information, prevent diseases and promote individual, family and community health” (Simich, 2010, p.17). The Canadian Alliance on Mental Illness and Mental Health, as cited by Simich (2010) “has identified immigrants as a priority group for mental health literacy interventions”
How difficult can it be to spot reverse discrimination, many people don’t actually realize it 's happening because they are the ones discriminating. What is reverse discrimination? Well reverse discrimination is when a member or members of a majority are discriminated against your age, sex, national origin, color, race and religion. You can find reverse discrimination everywhere it can be in your job, the school your attending, even a public place such as a store, restaurant, even walking in the streets. Discrimination
Institutionalized discrimination refers to the unfair, indirect treatment of certain members within a group. Usually, the bias targets specific, easily stereotyped and generalize attributes, such as race, gender, nationality, sexual orientation, and age. Although the United State law forbids direct discrimination and it’s illegal, countless academics, activists, and advocacy organizations assert that as far as they are concerned, indirect discrimination is still persistent and ongoing in the vast majority of our social institutions and as well in our daily social practices. Such institutionalized discrimination includes laws and decisions that reflect racism, for example, the 1896 case between Plessey vs. Ferguson. The case that was ruled in favor of the “separate but equal" public facilities between African Americans and non-African Americans by the U.S. Supreme Court, however, the ruling was rescinded by the Brown vs. Board of Education Supreme Court decision in 1954.
The high incarceration rate of Black Americans has pervasive and chronically negative stigmas regarding the social and economic vitality of the Black American community, such as a lack of democratic participation and violence within urban communities (Burris-Kitchen & Burris, 2011). According to Forman Jr. (2012), some of 5 the negative affects of systemic racism of Black Americans born into the hip-hop generation who have been convicted include the ineligibility of public assistance programs such as health care, food stamps, public housing, student loans, and some employment opportunities. Additionally, many of the individuals suffering from the stigma of incarceration come from backgrounds of disadvantage such as single parent homes, low
al., 2005). It was brought into light that racial bias is inversely associated with the mental health status. The study showed that more than half of the people surveyed had experienced racial discrimination, which in turn caused them to experience psychological distress (Jackson et. al., 2005). It also talked about how discrimination is associated with negative physical health outcomes such as hypertension like discussed earlier in the paper.
He remembers what happened to his mother when she became sick with cancer and remembers that her cells were taken. Together with the stories of kidnapped African American people he is very distrusting of the medical system and does not want to have anything bad happen to him. Add to the fact that African American patients were known to have sub par health care in the days of Henrietta and that segregation was still something that happened, he might not have ever felt comfortable seeking medical attention. Also, due to lack of jobs in some areas as well as less education leading to less job opportunities, many African Americans are not able to access health care. Many clinics in low income
Skloot gave a cautionary piece of history of how racism and dissocia in the scientific community harmed a family. Many black patients faced racism. Many unethical medical treatments happened due racial inequality. Skloot described Henrietta’s treatment as the same treatment as whites, with “biopsy” “radium” and radiation” treatments, juxtaposed with the treatment of blacks described with “fewer pain medication” and “higher mortality rates” (64). Skloot appeals to ethics by having given an example of racism, a principle of ethics considered wrong by many.
First, I choose racism and sexism because I think that these two problem are the most issue that we face in our society. Throughout the history, some people who are considered to be poor, which are minorities and women doesn’t receive their equally with men; to vote. There are a lot of discriminate and segregation among the African American and also the minority which are mostly immigrate. Well, blacks’ people were separated from white people. The black people couldn’t go to many places if that place is own by whites.
Removing Henrietta’s cells without her consent seems to be a very rare scenario and this can tell how the medical community mistreats the Black Americans. A woman of black America origin, Rebecca Skloot managed to surface other different stories of maltreatment directed to the African American community. Blacks in America were taken as people with unequal rights even in a situation like this that talked about right to life. She explained horrific experiences on experimentation of African Americans, stories that were enhanced by fear seen in Henrietta’s relatives refusing to visit hospitals even for necessary treatment. In this regard, the paper will give a response to the immortal life of Henrietta Lacks.
In To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Lee uses discrimination and injustice to tell us readers that you shouldn 't judge others by the way they live life or their actions because you can always be wrong. In the story many people are being discriminated because of their race , gender and even age. During the book we have many examples of discrimination especially in the case with Tom Robinson. We have many examples of how many people used to and still discriminate African Americans. In Mayella Ewell’s case we see many examples of discrimination because Bob Ewell made up a whole story that Tom Robinson raped when it clearly wasn’t true.