For this purposes, I will explain some of the terminology associated with this essay. Inequality refers to a lack of equality or fair treatment in the sharing of opportunities. (Cambridge Dictionary, 2016) Early childhood education generally means educating children from birth to 6years before they attend primary school. (Department and Children and Youth Affairs, 2016) The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child of 1989 defines ‘child’ as ‘‘any’’ human being below the age of eighteen years, unless under the law applicable to the child, the majority is attained earlier”. (Humanium, 2016) The acknowledgement of the child’s concern and privileges was presented on 20th November 1989 with the implementation of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child which was the first officially international obligation content identifying all the essential entitlement of the child.
The School-to-Prison Pipeline: A Primer for Social Workers, a study by Susan McCarter (2017), was written to give a summary of the School-to-prison pipeline in an attempt to break down the factors surrounding children being funneled into this path by their respective school systems around the country. The author explains the correlation between the School-to-prison pipeline and its disparate outcomes for students of color, students with disabilities, and students who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (p. 54-55). McCarter presents implications for social workers and multiple specific strategies to reduce the detrimental effects of the School-to-prison pipeline. Susan McCarter, PhD, MSW, is an associate professor
Q1. In the experiment titled, “Brown Eyes Blue Eyes,” Elliot tests the boundary of racial discrimination, stereotypes and the undesirable effect it brings to young, intelligent minds. The notion that discriminatory statements can be quickly internalized - to the extent of collapsing strong bonds of friendship - prompts one to question the power of authority and how easy it is for children to be indoctrinated and submit to a certain belief without questioning the basis of it. She uncovers several interesting concepts, all of which will be discussed in the following paragraphs. Based on the experiment, Elliot discovers how quickly pupils regard their classmates - most of whom they have been friends with for the longest time - as enemies,
The most basic thing in USA to build up an own identity in their society is to learn how to treat racism. Children who belong to oppressed groups due to racism have to learn how to fight the impact; white children have to learn how to be anti-racist. Furthermore, adults have to teach their children positive racial behaviours, but first adults have to learn to distinguish between racism and racial identity. Different racial identities exist. We can see them and children can too.
Originally, the tests were to measure basic knowledge of children in the United States to assist with support of mental health diagnosis. There has been debates in the history of psychology about Goddard argument on how adults with lows IQs shouldn’t reproduce. It is grateful that now, society see the viewpoints a lot differently. Today, there are different IQ tests that are used for different purposes and to help diagnose individual’s learning disabilities. Psychologists have developed
The doll studies of Mamie and Kenneth B. Clark greatly supported the effects of segregation on African American children, which they used dolls to study the children 's attitudes about race. Their findings were inline with what Prosser was attempting to prove; ultimately African American children did better in segregated schools rather than integrated. In the doll studies it was found that there were contrasts among African American children attending versus those in integrated schools. There was a clear preference for the white doll among all children in their study and helped expose internalized racism in African American children as well as
Studies show that training educators in cultural sensitivity and establishing trust between students and teachers allows students from varying cultural backgrounds to improve in classroom settings. RACE INEQUALITY IN U.S. EDUCATION Considered the “melting pot” of the world due to its high diversity, the United States has been renowned for the varying cultures and races populating the country. However, with diversity comes inequalities that people of color face throughout their lives. A particular issue in the United States, specifically in education, is unequal opportunities and treatment in regard to race. Research shows that students from single-parent black families had a high chance of dropping out and participating in illicit behavior (Hallinan 54).
The Critical Race Theory’s framework is a tool to assess how structural inequalities and social institutions produce an oppressive and discriminatory environment for minorities in America (Salas et al, 2010). The Theory’s use of critical thinking helps Social Workers understand and identify the target problem, and to examine how people’s history and culture have influenced, or been influenced by, past and current policies that create inequality in America (Suet et al, 2007). It also encourages Social workers to be aware of their distinct privileges, disadvantages, beliefs, values, biases, and stereotypes that they hold, so they can understand how this affects the work that they do with their clients. It is essential to apply all this knowledge
A STUDY OF VALIDITY OF HAEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF NEONATAL SEPSIS Manoj Barman &Barnali Das IDENTIFY AN ISSUE THAT IS RELATED TO EDUCATIONAL STATISTICS In this prospective study, infants were enrolled if there were predisposing perinatal factors or if there was clinical suspicion of sepsis.The study included three groups: Group 1—infants with sepsis with positive blood cultures, Group 2—infants with probable infection with strong clinical history but negative blood cultures and Group 3—normal infants without any evidence of sepsis. The research study can help in learning educational statistics. The research uses inferential statistics which concerned with analysis of subset of data leading to predictions or inferences
Their final hypothesis is that either both of the responsiveness level and demand will be affected by neighborhood danger or that there will be a higher level of harsh parenting, acceptance, and demand. The study the researchers use for this article is a sub-sample from a larger one with a sample size of 749 of families with 5th grade students in schools that are located “in a large metropolitan area of the southwestern U.S”. This sub-sample focuses on students in 5th grade who had both parents participating in a sample size of 466. However, four were missing data, so the final study included information from 462 families. It’s also important to note that 79.9% and 78.6% of fathers and mothers respectively were born in Mexico and lived on average of 15 and 12.3 in the United states for fathers and mothers respectively.According to the conductors of this study, Mexican Americans are more likely to have two-parent families which is why the researchers study two-parent Mexican American families.
As explored through the lens of school culture and change theory related to anti-gay bias, enacting appropriate protective policy serves as a primary agent of school culture change. One means to closely examine and address the issue of the ongoing victimization of LGBT students and the adults obliged to provide an equitable learning environment is through comprehensive public school policy that explicitly addresses bullying and harassment related to anti-gay bias. Research shows that comprehensive public school and district policies that define language to protect sexual minorities, sexual orientation, and gender identity can be effective in combating anti-gay bias, especially bullying and harassment (Cianciotto & Cahill, 2003). Despite all the supporting data that state that LGBT students are harassed, victimized and face challenges in their learning environment (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011; Fetner & Kush, 2008; Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network, 2008; National GLBTQ Youth Foundation, 2010; Mayo, 2006; Ripski & Gregory, 2009), and despite evidence to support that a school with adult advocates and clear policy that embraces LGBT students is impactful (Biegel & Kuehl, 2010; Cianciotto & Cahill, 2003; Griffin
The aim of this research is to critically explore the effectiveness of service provisions available for young carers of parental mental illness (PMI). The Mental Health Act (2007) s1. defines a mental disorder as “any disorder or disability of the mind”. The research will allow both young carers and social work practitioners to express their critical view of the interventions and support currently available. The young carers engaged in this research will be aged between 15 and 18.
Influence of Imitate Partner Violence and Parenting Practices Summary The research explores the link between imitate partner violence, parenting practices, and the trauma symptoms in children. This area of study is important to observe so that psychologists are able to have some indication of factors that relate to children experiencing problems with stress, coping with trauma, perceiving threats, hyperarousal, avoidance, fear, security, interpersonal relationships, and negative self-attributions (Ehrensaft, Knous-Westfall, & Cohen, 2016). Also, this area is significant because psychologists can use the research to find methods to reduce the impacts of imitate partner violence on children psychologically and find which parenting practices