In this excerpt from the 2005 nonfiction work, Shame of the Nation, Jonathan Kozol calls out the extreme disparity in regards to standardized testing between white and minority children(which in turn affects dropout rates and affirmative action effectiveness), and elucidates how government-issued standards are not effectively combating the educational conditions in minority-heavy public schools. By utilizing his considerable experience in educational fields, Kozol’s writing appeals dominantly to ethos, in which he carries out by judging educational conditions according to his own life experience and standards. Kozol also subordinately appeals to pathos, through personal anecdotal evidence. To solidify his claims, Kozol also uses extensive data
Summary "Fremont High School" by Jonathan Kozol, originally appeared in 2005 as part of "The Shame of the Nation: The Restoration of Apartheid Schooling in America". Kozol is an educator and social activist. His interest includes education reform, theories of learning, and social justice. The main issue discussed in this book is the inequality in public schools. Kozol's expresses how there are many social and racial inequalities in American public schools.
“It is my belief that all young people have the ability to achieve at high levels, and it is our responsibility to ensure that they do… This includes having high expectations for students to succeed academically, socially, in their college and career pursuits, and in life” –Antwan Wilson Superintendent of the Oakland Unified School District Community To Be Served For every seven students that earn a diploma from the Oakland Unified School District, three of their peers will never make it to graduation day. In a school district that educates more than 37,000 students, a graduation rate of 67% means that more than 12,000 will drop out before graduating from high school. A disproportionate number of these students are minorities and students
It is imperative that school administrators understand the underlying argument of property rights in relation to student’s school attendance. The school administrator represents the government, and as such must provide equal protection to all students to take advantage of this right. They also must understand the relevance of taking away an individual’s right without due process of the law, which is particularly relevant to suspensions and
Introduction “High school dropout rates nationally - Not enough is being done on this issue.” Mass incarceration is a term used by historians and sociologists to describe the substantial increase in the number of incarcerated people in the United States ' prisons over the past forty years. “ Approximately 12–13% of the American population is African-American, but they make up 35% of jail inmates, and 37% of prison inmates of the 2.2 million male inmates as of 2014 U.S. Department of Justice, 2014.” The strongest cause of disproportionate minority males is the school to prison pipeline.
Most of my friends who are currently in college have between 5000$-20.000$ in federal and private loans. In many cases, besides for the loans, students have to work and study at the same time, which results in a stressful life for the student. In fact, many students are not able to finish their education because, since they can’t afford it, they have to work over their studies. Out of all the possible reasons to drop out of college, “the No. 1 reason many young adults drop out of college is an inability to juggle school and work” (Johnson). Finishing college is the most decisive forecaster of prosperity in the workforce and the inconsistency in college completion between children of rich and poor families duplicated since the late 1980s (McGlynn 55).
The United States Department of Education Office for Civil Rights shows that there has been a constant overrepresentation of minority children in what is known as special education courses. The majority of this overrepresentation occurs for African American children. Unfortunately this has been occurring for years, during the 1980’s African American students only made up sixteen percent of the total school population make up, however they represented thirty-eight percent of children that were in classes for students that were in need of special education courses. Forty years later this is still occurring, there is still an overrepresentation of African American children in special education courses, which leads to an overrepresentation of African
“Native American children have the highest drop-out rates of any ethnic group in the US” (Youth). The real issue at hand is trying to identifying the things that cause natives to drop out. Much of this has to do with the earlier governmental approach that the government took to educating Native children. These schools were later labeled as corrupt, with abusive teachers that beat and starved native children for speaking their native language or practicing their spiritual beliefs. The horrible conditions that Native American children had to endure at these schools had ruined Native Americans view "public" education.
Bernie Sanders, a prominent social justice defender and U.S. presidential candidate, tweeted “Mass incarceration harms our society, pulls families apart. #JusticeNot4Sale Act will begin to turn that around,” introducing his initiative to rehabilitate America’s criminal justice system and reduce the nation’s prison population. In an interview with NBC, Sanders discussed the overwhelming disparity in the African American prison population relative to other ethnic groups. According to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, African Americans make up 13% of the United States population, and account for 60% of those in prisons. One in every 15 African American men are incarcerated, compared to every one and 106 white men.
The number of native americans being enrolled is decreasing as the years pass by. The number of pre-secondary enrollment is also decreasing. The Native American amounts in education are increasingly dropping. The number of Native American graduates are drop. The percentages of Native Americans being enrolled is also dropping at an increasingly poor rate.
The Brown v. Board of Education was a groundbreaking case that made segregated schools unconstitutional, but unfortunately schools are still not equal in 2017. When it comes to school discipline African-Americans are given harsher consequences. “Racially biased school discipline contributes to what’s known as the ‘school-to-prison pipeline’ (Quinlan, Casey). After a student is suspended numerous times, the next disciplinary action is explosion, then after explosion, the next step is the juvenile system. Secondly, two other factors that contribute to the unequal education quality are white history lessons, and segregated schools.
This article examines Seacrest High School that had major violent episodes between Asian-American and African-American students. While trying to decide how to deal with the violence and school safety, the other components of the school went by the wayside. All of this was chronicled in the media and an ensuing court order forced the school district to take measures that secured the safety of the students that attended the school. Although not done on purpose, the subsequent result was a neglect of academics and the overall school culture. The focus on safety, created during a chaotic approach to school improvement, led to a loss of focus of content knowledge, critical thinking skills, social-emotional support for students, and moral reasoning.
However, with diversity comes inequalities that people of color face throughout their lives. A particular issue in the United States, specifically in education, is unequal opportunities and treatment in regard to race. Research shows that students from single-parent black families had a high chance of dropping out and participating in illicit behavior (Hallinan 54). While the issue of race is a complicated issue to breach for