It shows african americans as nothing more than imbeciles. By the 1890s the name “Jim Crow” was being used to describe laws and customs thats goal at segregating African Americans and others. These laws were made to eliminate social contact between white people and other groups and to limit the freedom and opportunity of people of color. . In the depression ridden 1890s, racism seemed to appeal to white people who feared losing their jobs to black people.
This was the case because for an incredibly long amount of time blacks were made the inferior race, white men handicapped their growth and intelligence, making them simply into a labor force that couldn’t even think for themselves. African Americans are free now, but they are still fighting to become equals with the whites in society. The white men are backlashing the African Americans, trying to keep them under the whites, especially since they are the majority population in the south, the whites are fearful of the result in African American
In addition, African Americans were not only struggling to make a living, but were unsupported and discriminated against. Mr. Hiram Revels, the colored Senator from Mississippi, was sworn in and admitted to his seat on February 25, 1870. Mr. Vickers, of Maryland, opened the debate, arguing against admission, that Revels had not been a citizen for nine years and was not eligible. How was the era of Reconstruction fair if they still weren’t treated equally? Indeed after the war, the Jim Crow Laws were endorsed in various states from 1875-1900s.
In 1865, Abraham Lincoln ended slavery in the United States. While the African Americans became free, they were still not equal. Horrible things were still happening to former slaves, even though the U.S. was trying to reconstruct the country. Reconstruction was a time where former slaves were being integrated into society. The same year slavery was abolished, The Black Codes were created.
After the Civil War, African Americans went from bondage into gaining liberty. Twentieth President James A. Garfield stated, “The elevation of the Negro race from slavery to the full rights of citizenship is the most important political change we have known since the adoption of the constitution.” However, the centuries of racism, prejudice, and devaluation took its toll on Southern society, and they would take another century before all Blacks could vote unhindered. The ratification of civil rights legislation created only a beginning of a change because the Emancipation Proclamation failed to free all slaves, Whites did not view Blacks as social equals, and most Southern Whites would not cooperate with the new laws. The Emancipation
The Freedom Bureau aided African-Americans in their transition from slavery to freedom (McFeely). The 14th Amendment gave African-Americans equal protection under the law as whites. Although these pieces of legislature were successful once they were instituted, their institution was dramatically slowed by one person: Andrew Johnson. He vetoed every single one of these legislature because they would damage his relationship with the South, and thus he would lose their votes. Eventually, Congress passed these laws and became the first Congress to override a presidential veto.
Blacks did not have the full privilege of an American citizen until a century after the civil war ended (Sharp). The Jim Crow laws kept African Americans from exercising their rights guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment through legal segregation, targeting and blaming blacks for
What impact did Jim Crow laws have on blacks and what rights did they violated as illustrated in the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird? Jim Crow laws significantly impacted the population between the whites and blacks with the most important law of separation for public transportation and public facilities. According to Social Welfare, “Beginning in the 1880s, the term Jim Crow was used as a reference to practices, laws, or institutions related to the physical separation of black people from white people” (1). The rights that Jim Crow laws violated were the whites desire to have control over the blacks. This violation created advantages for the whites to have a peaceful atmosphere and caused the blacks to suffer from racial inequality.
“Their (Mississippi, South Carolina, or Louisiana) framers intended and did disfranchise a majority of their citizenship [deprived them of the right to vote] because of “race and color” and “previous condition”..” [Doc. 7] This lead to the ratification of 15th Amendment. The 15th Amendment protects the right to vote of the emancipated slaves as it says on the document, “the right to vote shall not be denied on the basis of race, color, or previous condition.” The aftermath of civil war, resulted with good economical changes. The slaves used to work on their master’s plantation. However, when they were freed they spread out and became independent.
For example, “The Southern legislatures, former confederates, passed laws known as the black codes, after the war, which severely limited the rights of blacks and segregated them from whites”. Before, white people thought they should have had more power than black people because of their skin color, who introduced them into slavery and did not let them go into certain places. As opposed from segregation, the author from the chosen novel Red Queen states that, “We don’t get seats here, just long concrete benches, but the few Silver nobles up above enjoy cool, comfortable boxes.” (Page 5). By this, the author shows the injustice that was created between the Silvers and Reds, where the Silvers were rich and had more power, and the Reds not being able to obtain the same things as them. The message the author is trying to portray is that by every circumstance, every human being is the same no matter what race they are, where they are from, their culture, and their way of life.
White people did not want to accept the fact that they had to share public places with black citizens, so these Jim Crow laws set some boundaries by segregating black and white people in public schools, restaurants, trains, sports stadiums and movie theaters. White people went so far as to label drinking fountains: “White Only” and “Colored Only.” White people did not want to be in the same area as blacks causing black citizens to feel disempowered. African Americans were forced to work at minimum wage jobs since all of the higher paying jobs were specifically for whites, which placed African Americans in the lower class by making them laborers that could only “clean, cook, stock shelves, and load trucks.” All of which were labor that white people would never do because they thought that they were far superior than black people. “Strict racial segregation” was the result of the ex-Confederates regaining
In order for the New deal to be passed, it had to receive the votes of Southern democrats, which aim to keep the country segregated. The official ruling excluded agricultural and domestic laborers, which were primarily African American. White Americans were able to reap the benefits of social security and subsidized housing, while African Americans who needed it the most did not. Baldwin feared that another instance like the New Deal would reoccur. He believed that integration in itself would have little to no effect because although blacks and whites were coexisting, the individuals themselves ceased to see eye-to-eye and lacked mutual respect.
When blacks in the North were freed, they were given the right to own property and pay taxes. However, according to the Voting and Jury Rights of Blacks in the North: 1860 chart, the were denied the right to serve on jury duty unless the black male was in Massachusetts after 1860 (Doc A). This example shows that even though slaves were free, the feeling of white superiority and power over blacks still remained. The whites felt that blacks could not represent the United States in court cases, so most states denied the right of jury duty to blacks. Another example of how free blacks in the North were not truly free is also shown in the Voting and Jury Rights of Blacks in the North: 1860 chart.
Ferguson or Brown v. Board of Education reached the Supreme Court, reconstruction after the Civil War ended and the ratified 14th and 15th Amendment, were needed to address the rights former slaves have. The 14th Amendment, adopted in 1870, “forbid the state and federal government from denying the right to vote based on race” (Cornell). The 15th Amendment, ratified in 1870, “stated the right to vote couldn’t be denied based on color, race or past servitude” (Cornell). Even with the new Amendments, African Americans were treated different than other Americans. When Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) cases reached the Supreme Court, the rights of the African American population took a step back.
Segregation went back in history even after Civil War days of slavery. At this time, in history African were fighting for their freedom. Caucasians felt that African Americans should be inferior to white people, and they saw no reason why to respect black people or why to educate them. Noble facts of history were given by the early 1800 's Northern states had abolished slavery (Osborne 6). Due to the Confederate state losing to the Civil War in 1865 that same year, the Thirteenth Amendment had gotten approve for slave owners to free their slaves.