Being classified as the “other’ is an idea that was first coined by Edward Said in his text titled Orientalism. In this text Said critiques the cultural representations of Orientalism written and performed by a western, biased view of the eastern hemisphere. In western writing and media, the people who hail from the eastern hemisphere are seen and depicted as the ‘other’. They are viewed as uncivilized, lesser, terrorists and opposites of everything on the western side of the world. They are judged based on race and other factors and displayed in a negative way that greatly impacts how they are viewed and treated in other countries.
The Qamartians, Imamis and other 72 sects, all who purported to follow Muslim teachings, threatened the faith of Samarkand. In Samarkand, violence is a means of protecting the people from perceived bad teachings from the 72 sects. This explains the condemnation Omar Al Khayyam received because of trying to bring about new teachings of Islam in Samarkand. In Fight Club, fighting is an
Media is a powerful actor in conveying messages especially in framing scapegoats to the public and thereby influencing its opinions. After the 9/11 attack, there have been certain prejudices against Muslims of which the most dominant is “terrorism”. Muslims are associated with catastrophes, revolutions, and danger. These misleading labels have negative implications for societal relationships, economic stability, and political involvement. America has been divided between a “us” and a “them”.
What misconceptions does mass media play in the role of discrimination against Islam and Muslims? Introduction Muslims face challenges that often reflect a lack of acceptance of their religious identity which is portrayed negatively in society’s mass media. The manifestation of discrimination and intolerance towards Muslims has grown from a magnitude of things such as terrorist attacks in specific. Islamophobia has given many Americans the justification needed to discriminate against many Muslims who follow the Islamic faith. As a society we are consistently being marginalized and divided by racial markers.
Munir, Lily. Islam and Human Rights. First of all, it should be said that "the question whether or not Islam is compatible with international human rights has been a long debate" (Munir 1). The thing is that traditionally Islam is taken by people, who do not know its main ideas, as a very strict and sometimes even cruel religion, that controls and limits the life of people who adhere to it. Munir in her work Islam and human rights also underlines the fact that Islamic Law has always been taken negatively in the West, because of a great number of various prejudices connected with it (1).
Edward Said argued how un-original Huntington is as he used words from other authors, not to mention his vision on an unceasing clash. Bernard Lewis came up with the phrase “Clash of Civilization”, he talked about the Arabs and put it in the most unflattering way possible. He does it on purpose and he’s not so different from Huntington. Also, the cover of his book shows a lot on his perspective. He and Huntington are manipulating people through ruining Islam’s reputation.
A number of theories are drawn from various disciplines (i.e. media and cultural studies, psychology, anthropology, etc) about the way how media represents reality. Media representation is the main focus of theories around portrayals (Hall 1997) and cultural studies (Grsiprund, 2002), and the central point of representation theory remains the dilemma whether the media simply reflects or actually constructs realities? On both sides, there are notable scholars defending each theory. Kellner (1995) argues that media reproduces social struggles, which in return, has an impact on the production of identities and audience understanding of the world.
Summary The case "Road to Hell" by Gareth Evans made us reevaluate our views towards racism issues in modern society. Often enough these issues can not be fully covered by standard legalistic approach and need a deeper research to prove that racism has been a cause of the major problem within a community, organization or a whole society. CRT has helped us justify our position that unintentional racism by John Baker caused the conflict within the organization and resignation of one of the key employees, Matt Rennalls. I used three characteristics of racism in the analysis of the characters ' behavior including One group believes itself to be superior, That group has the power to carry out racist behavior, Racism affects multiple groups. And i also found that all five elements of CTR could be applied to this case study is the central nature of race and racism, a challenge to dominant ideology, a commitment to social justice, the central nature of knowledge that comes from experience, an interdisciplinary
There are several ways that can be made to diminish racism. For example, the government could implement laws and regulations regarding racial discrimination. Regardless of what kind of racism that is being acted out, the effect it had towards the targeted ethnic minorities could be prolonged, and there are high possibilities that it would affect them mentally. The outcome of the stereotypes that are made out of racism will have definite impacts towards the targeted individuals. For instance, they will have difficulty with being socially accepted due to the racial discrimination by the society.
Unfortunately, most of the news and facts they’re receiving is either bias or highly exaggerated. Some Western media companies have achieved destroying the true image of Arabs, “The word ‘Arab’ is almost never used as a complimentary or even neutral term. Instead, “Arab” is employed to help advance the sinister stereotype: Arab=Muslim=Evil Enemy Other” (Jack Shaheen, 2013). Media has taken the word “Arab” from an honorable well cultured being and somehow managed to turn it into an insult. Consequently leading to false accusation of the Arabs not just causing hatred and violence, but also causing deep fear to those affected by such accusations.