The Act mandated equal but separate rail travel in Louisiana by forcing the railway to provide separate cars for its black and white citizens. It also gave railway officers the “authority to refuse to carry any passenger that refused to sit within their designated race”. (Medley, 2003) This Act incensed a group of eighteen elite black men and in September 1891 they came together to form the Comite` des Citoyens. The Comite`, also called the Citizens Committee for the Annulment of Act 111, opposed the Separate Car Act of 1890. They raised funds, held rallies, composed legal tactics, and decided to run two test cases.
Their purpose was to separate not only white people from non-white one, however, also separate non-whites from each other, and to divide black South Africans along tribal groups so it could decrease their political power. Legislation was classified for citizens under four racial groups: "Black", "White", "Coloured", and Ïndian". Over several years, millions of non-white Africans had their houses removed, and were forced to go to isolated neighbourhoods. Non-whites political representatives was prohibited in 1970. During this time, black Africans were split from their citizenship.
Rosa Parks The Civil Right Movement was the African-American way of fighting for equality to the whites and it was supposed to be a nonviolent way to protest. Khan academy stated that “After the Civil War, during the period known as Reconstruction, the passage of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments established a legal foundation for the political equality of African Americans. Despite the abolition of slavery and legal gains for African Americans, racial segregation known as Jim Crow arose in the South”. Jim Crow law meant that African American could not be at the same place as the white people. Even after slavery was over people of colored were still being treated unequal to the white people, they did not have the same benefits and rights that the white people had.
Plessy V. Ferguson Case of Plessy v. Ferguson is the case talking about the discrimination that happen between the black race and white race. It starts from Plessy a person who have mix race (not naturally white and not naturally black). Plessy think that in US they abolish the segregation happen in their country but unfortunately people in US still discriminate people base on the race that they have. To check the US especially Lousiana law, he try to buy railway first class ticket which is this ticket is only use for white people only. Since Pressy is mix race so Lousiana citizen think that he is one of black race not white race then he suppose to sit base on the black railway coach not in the first class railway coach.
These laws were passed by southern states in 1865 and 1866 to restrict African American’s freedom and forced them to work low income jobs. In 1866, the Supreme Court was able to overrule the Black Codes, giving the black American citizens full citizenship and freedom. This angered the southerners, who had fought to keep slavery, making
After Reconstruction, African Americans in the South suffered extreme discrimination due to unequal opportunities. Despite the fact that there were amendments that gave African American men the right to vote, Jim Crow laws prevented them from voting. Wells stated, "the South resented giving the Afro-American his freedom, the ballot box, and the Civil Rights Law." By giving them their freedom, white supremacists during this era believed there would be, as Wells describes "Negro Domination. " Amongst the many things African Americans fought for, they mainly desired to have equal rights and the right to vote.
Racism & The Great Migration In 1920s, racism was big in the south. Blacks weren’t allowed any of the rights whites had due to segregation and all the laws preventing them from being equal. The Great Migration affected the location of racism because when blacks moved north, racism followed. Blacks moved north to escape poverty caused by sharecropping and Jim Crow laws. When slavery was abolished, whites rented land to blacks to grow crops in return for a percentage of the crop.
“The life of a Negro in Mississippi is not worth a whistle.” In the South marriage between a black person and a white person was not only looked down upon but it was illegal. This is why when Roy, the husband of Caroline, heard from his wife that she had been whistled at he was outraged. Racism in the South was so strong that a black man could be murdered for whistling. Emmett living in the North gave him a whole different outlook on racism. The Jim Crow laws in the South made marriage between different races illegal, but in the North interracial relationships were much more accepted.
Beginning in the 1960 's, its aim was to end segregation in the US between people of colour and white people. Racism was rife in America at the time, many people believed in segregating schools, restraunts, buses, even bathrooms. Ever since the abolishment of slavery in 1865, black people had been treated like second class citizens. Black people had second rate jobs, houses, healthcare and education. Laws were put in place to stop the intergration of the races.
The solution to this is not to eliminate the distinction between the two races, but rather to completely eliminate the ancient roles of slave owner and slave, and to move on from them. The key is to “integrate the tribes” (Vance 8). “Paul Tillich has said that sin is separation,” and “segregation” is “an existential expression of man’s tragic separation,” “awful estrangement,” and “terrible sinfulness” (MLK Jr. 16). While segregation is often thought of in terms of the legally enforced separation of blacks and whites during the late 1800s and early 1900s, by definition it is actually simply to be set apart. In that sense, blacks and