Describe racial profiling and racially biased policing. Explain why these phenomena have become significant issues in policing. What steps have been taken to eliminate racial bias among police?
I. Describe racial profiling and racially biased policing.
Racially biased policing and racial profiling are similar, but different in certain ways. Racial profiling for example is when an officer makes arrests or stops people based only on their race, such as an officer frequently stopping, questioning, or arresting a high number of African Americans. In an investigation done to the New Orleans Police department, racial profiling, which can be considered discriminatory policing, was defined as "occurs when police officers and departments unfairly enforce the law-or fail to enforce the law-based on characteristics such as race, ethnicity, national origin, sex, religion, or [sexual preference]". Racially biased policing is when an officer uses race and other factors to make a decision on whether to question or arrest. For example, stopping a black man for questioning because he is in a white affluent neighborhood.
II. Explain why these phenomena have become significant issues in policing.
The reason these issues have become so problematic is …show more content…
In 2003, the Department of Defense (DOJ) banned the use of racial profiling in federal agencies, except when it came to looking for terrorists. States have also taken a stance against racial profiling, with many enacting their own laws that ban the use of racial profiling by the police. Departments are also encouraged to do things such as “monitor activity reports for evidence of improper practices and patterns” per the PERF report. In the end, it is up to the police officer and individual police departments to stop racial profiling and racially biased policing. If departments and people don’t try to change, then nothing will change in the
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The relationship between racial profiling and racism painted by Risse and Zeckhauser is implausible. The individual is required to picture a society where racism plays no role in law enforcement’s use of racial profiling over other plausible ways of responding to racial disparities in crime. It also asks the individual to believe that racial profiling of minorities can be executed fairly in a society that is viewed as racist. Only on these assumptions can an individual make the objection to racial profiling as an objection to racism rather than profiling.
Racial profiling has become a national issue starting in 2015 (“Racial”). Judging someone for their race has been a problem ever since a minority group has been noticed. Racial profiling has spread over all over the world. Racial profiling has been a problem through the years, if the human race can learn what racial profiling is, advantages of the profiling, and the disadvantages.
It is just the police ’s guess that person committed a crime by the way that person reacts or looks like. There is no guarantee that the police will catch the criminal using racial profiling. Some people who are stopped by the police are criminals who had committed a crime and some people that are stopped by the police are not criminals and they did nothing wrong. “By the Police Department’s own count, more than 45,000 people were stopped…, but the total number of arrested made by the united over those two years was less than 10,000.”
Racial profiling is a controversial topic in today’s society, it leads to false assumptions without having any facts. People suspect and target people based on a stereotype about their race. Many minorities are targeted by government officials such as police officers just because of their race or ethnicity. Just because a particular person from a particular race did something wrong, everyone from that race is being discriminated against by people from other races. Injustice is all around us and peoples right are being violated.
Some people may not know that racial profiling has been a problem in the United States. Often people think racial profiling most likely began in the 1990’s because of the news reports of African Americans being profiled. For example, “Driving while black”. According to the West Encyclopedia, "The most common form of racial profiling occurs when police stop, question, and search African American, Hispanic American, or members of other racial minorities disproportionately based solely on the individuals ' race or ethnicity". Racial profiling often happens because some police officers target people based on their
Racial Profiling is one of the many areas covered in racial discrimination. It refers to the discriminatory practice, especially by law enforcement officials which targets individuals for suspicion of crime based on the individual 's race, ethnicity, religion or national origin. Racial profiling has been and is still an issue today in almost every part of the United States. It is seen in different situations whereby people are treated very unfairly or branded criminals and suspects without any form of evidence It is a type of racial discrimination seen in all places though racial discrimination touches many areas like award of government benefits which is unequally shared as it should ,but at times based on who the person is. For example, I was once a victim in the
Danielle Johnson APMA 3 Topic: Racial Profiling Thesis Statement: Because of recent events in America including September 11th attacks, the influx of immigration, and recent racial tension with African Americans and police officers, there has been an increase in racial profiling. Racial profiling is a degrading practice that is a violation against human rights guaranteed by the United States Constitution, thus why the United states government should create effective guidelines restricting law enforcement officers from practicing racial profiling.
Racial profiling has brought up dubious issues about whether it is a reasonable idea and whether it is morally ideal to do this to individuals in light of their race. As said in the book Crimes and Criminals Opposing Viewpoints, "racial profiling is any utilization of race, religion, ethnicity, or national inception by law authorization specialists as a methods for choosing who ought to be investigated, except where these qualities are a piece of a particular speculate portrayal" (53). In other words racial profiling is singling out a man in view of their race and pulling them over for minor offenses to then lead inquiries of their vehicles. The police expect that since they are not a white American that they have medications or weapons in
The world as a whole has to work together to bring to light the problem of racial profiling. It is time people become more aware of the harm caused by racial profiling and pass laws to make racial profiling illegal. One word for how racial profiling transformed me into who I am would be “cautious.” I believe when you are too hot to handle, people will always be afraid of getting burned.
Racial Profiling in America Racial profiling is defined as refers to the targeting of particular individuals by law enforcement authorities based not their behavior, but rather their personal characteristics ( The Leadership conference) . This is another mechanism for racial discrimination backed by the law. According to the The Leadership conference, racial discrimination is not solely on race, but based on religion, ethnicity and national origin.
Throughout history, disputes and tensions between law enforcement officials and communities of minorities have endured hostility and violence between each other. Racial profiling has become a “hot topic” for researchers as well as for politicians and by now it is likely that most citizens are at least aware of the common accusations of racial bias pitted against law enforcement (Cochran & Warren, 2013). Communities of color are being discriminated against and racially profiled by white police officers for any suspicion of criminal activities. It has been widely assumed by policy makers and citizens alike that allegations of racial profiling are mostly associated with the policing practices of white officers and their treatment of racial and ethnic minorities (Cochran & Warren, 2013). Also, individuals of minority descent will certainly recognize that they are being racially profiled during a stop that is being conducted by a white police officer.
The performance of a police officer is always under a microscope especially when it comes to dealing with people from another race. There is also the idea that police officers use racial profiling to conduct and solve many of the crimes that are happening in their neighborhood. The racial profiling aspect is very sensitive and it can be difficult to determine if in reality it is happening because this is coming from someone else 's perception. According to Wiener, R., et al (2007), profiling is used by law enforcement officer to help them find needles in haystacks - to identify the few bad guys hiding in plain view among the mass of ordinary people (pg. 36).
The use of racial profiling has caused major issues and has had a huge impact among our nation. This has influenced a lot of hate and killing towards different type of race, religion, etc. groups. Law enforcement has become ineffective due to racial profiling. Statistics have shown some situations of racial profiling.
One of the greatest challenges law enforcement are facing is providing effective policing for minority communities. Some factors that prevent minorities from gaining access to justice or being taken advantage of certain criminal justice services are language barriers, racial stereotyping, and cultural differences. Since the 30 's and 40 's, and even during the 60 's, civil rights activists damaged the police-minority relations in the United States, believing that police only interest are protecting white communities. A big explanation of why there 's a poor police-minority relations in the United States is racism on the part of the individual officers. Many minorities in the United States have continued to complain about being treated more harshly than whites and the Department of Justice believes that racial profiling and police discrimination will continue to be a big problem.
Police racism is a very big problem in America. The killings of Eric Garner, Michael Brown, and Walter Scott are other examples of police racism and brutality as well. Reasons behind police racism and brutality are simple. People still have a certain way that they think about people of color.