Coker gives great evidence that supports racial injustice in the criminal justice system. She discusses on the Supreme Court’s rulings and accusations of racial preference in the system. This article is helpful because it supports my thesis on race playing a role on the system of criminal justice. Hurwitz, J., & Peffley, M. (1997). Public perceptions of race and crime: The role of racial stereotypes.
As we reach the 21st century we would think that racial inequality has completely ended yet we continue to see much discrimination. Racial inequality continues to exist in the world and here in the United States it is a very controversial topic. Today, we watch the television and almost everyday we hear news about some type of crime or situation which regards race issues. In other words, racism is still a topic that we experience in a daily basis and continues to haunt this country. By analyzing some recent racial inequality news we can find out what continues to make this issue such a controversial topic.
Racism in the Criminal Justice System Over the years, several people have studied the subject of racism. Moreover, several people have argued about numerous topics they assert to be racist. One side of the story claims that one’s action establish his retribution, while the other side of the story says that racism is still a tremendous botheration today, especially in the Criminal Justice System. The Criminal Justice System accumulates tremendous criticism for being assumed to be racist and incriminating too many blacks.
One of the oldest topics of unrest concerning equality and justice is race. The recent spike in racially discriminatory actions taken by law enforcement agents in the United States has caused much controversy (Von Drehle 29). For the sake of establishing solid grounds for discussion, it is of utmost importance
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY Alexander, M. (2012). The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness (Rev. ed.). New York, NY: The New Press. Michelle Alexander in her book, "The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness" argues that law enforcement officials routinely racially profile minorities to deny them socially, politically, and economically as was accustomed in the Jim Crow era.
Many evidence support the view that there are biases in the criminal justice system against members of minority groups. One of the issues with discriminatory practices is that legal apparatus for antidiscrimination law is based on intentional discrimination. Many issues of overrepresentation of minority group individuals at all levels of the justice system have profound effects not only for those who are accused and convicted but also for the victims of crime. Victims from racialized communities, knowing that members of their community are unfairly treated under the law, may feel both personal pressure and community pressure to not report crimes committed against them or testify in court. Slavery, and the concomitant violence committed against
This unrightfully discrimination extended past the societies customs of the time, and into the courts, a place which should define the very word—justice. In America, the courts of the justice system serve to balance and protect society by rightfully prosecuting criminals; although its society’s duty is to uphold this balance and not allowing racial prejudice to prevail reason, the 30’s ideals failed to contribute, showing discriminations prevalence in a place where it shouldn’t be, after the outlaw of slavery. To understand how such an unconstitutional era of history unfolded, one must first understand the history of the United States regarding the succeeding events of abolished slavery, the origin of such inequality. After the
Institutional racism was depicted in Marissa Alexander’s case. Marissa Alexander had stopped by Rico Gray’s house to visit him. She gave her phone to Rico, letting him view the pictures of their baby daughter and then noticed text messages from her ex husband. The argument had started and she headed into the garage, armed herself, and then shot a warning shot near her husband. Alexander tried to use the ‘stand your ground’ law, which had failed and was later sentenced to prison for 20 years.
Minorities and the Criminal Justice System While in recent years police brutality has received the majority of media attention, there is a far more deadly poison running through the veins of our nation’s criminal justice system. This poison is the full discriminatory power minorities fall victim to in every stage of their prosecution. This poison has led to the mass incarceration of minorities and the creation of a well-disguised form of racial control. Today, over 2 million minorities are under the control of the prison system and as such will forever be tainted by their most outstanding label, criminal (Alexander). When these American citizens are denied the basic human right of a fair and unbiased trial their lives are forever changed:
From young we are taught that authoritative figures are right and to absorb the information presented to us without question. It is only people that are hungry for knowledge who question and take it upon themselves to discover the truth. My experience with conflicting viewpoints introduced as facts lead me to challenge the acceptance of knowledge from authoritative figures.
Nclive, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10892-010-9091-x. Paul Bou-Habib of the Department of Government at the University of Essex in the United Kingdom, presents this paper as a discussion of what he terms “background injustice” and racial profiling. He basically defines “background injustices”as social injustices over which the individual has no control within his profiled group. Bou-Habib suggests two accounts of background injustice. First is “responsible injustice”wherein the group proposing racial profiling is responsible for the injustice.
A white couple in Oregon had been accused of intentionally killing a young black man because he is black out side a store. The white man, Courtier, intentionally pick a fight with the young black man, Bruce. After the fight, Courtier, try to run over the over the young man who is running on the street with his car while his girlfriend is right next to him in the car. However, Hunt, she didn’t stop him instead she encourage him to hit the young man. The case when to trail the couple are charged with intimidation and murder along with others charges.
Racial inequality has been an issue for The United States for decades. Claudia Rankine makes you realize that racism happens in America, and is not an issue to take lightly. Racism as a social invention in and of itself became a breeding ground for many of the social injustices of today, such as, ethnic profiling, police brutality, sexism, and inequality. Claudia Rankine uses different approaches from her books Citizen, and Don’t Let Me Be Lonely to state the struggles against racial disparity, and discrimination. Rankine suggests the end of history is now a waste, our ancestors fought for racial equality, yet we face similar issues today.
In this generation, there have been millions of prejudice people in the world. Several activists have been able to assist the abolishment of racism & prejudice-ness. The hatred, stereotypes, and prejudice people will be able to be stopped. Activists and leaders, children's impacts, and changes to amendments are just a few explanations as to how segregation will come to an end.
“Sometimes, I feel discriminated against, but it does not make me angry. It merely astonishes me. How can any deny themselves the pleasure of my company? It’s beyond me.” (Zora Neale Hurston).