The next few chapters will dive into causes of corruption, through a disabling viewpoint, and focus on theories that are comparative to police corruption. The theory of police corruption is a well research area in which police stress attributes to many issues. The physical and psychological demands of police stress have been explored throughout this text. The review of this book was to determine the likelihood of a coincidence of police corruption and PTSD (including depression, alcoholism, etc.) created a need for further examination of this subject matter.
There are several ways that can be made to diminish racism. For example, the government could implement laws and regulations regarding racial discrimination. Regardless of what kind of racism that is being acted out, the effect it had towards the targeted ethnic minorities could be prolonged, and there are high possibilities that it would affect them mentally. The outcome of the stereotypes that are made out of racism will have definite impacts towards the targeted individuals. For instance, they will have difficulty with being socially accepted due to the racial discrimination by the society.
Throughout history, disputes and tensions between law enforcement officials and communities of minorities have endured hostility and violence between each other. Racial profiling has become a “hot topic” for researchers as well as for politicians and by now it is likely that most citizens are at least aware of the common accusations of racial bias pitted against law enforcement (Cochran & Warren, 2013). Communities of color are being discriminated against and racially profiled by white police officers for any suspicion of criminal activities. It has been widely assumed by policy makers and citizens alike that allegations of racial profiling are mostly associated with the policing practices of white officers and their treatment of racial and ethnic minorities (Cochran & Warren, 2013). Also, individuals of minority descent will certainly recognize that they are being racially profiled during a stop that is being conducted by a white police officer.
Police Brutality The use of excessive force by the police is nothing new, and with so many cases out there, it is clear that "to serve and protect" does not exactly apply to all of law enforcement as it should. Even though in some cases the use of harsh force has resulted into solving big crimes, officers have used the excessive force for personal reasons like race. It has affected many lives in a different way and question the authority officers have.. Police Brutality is an ongoing problem and existent concern in the United States; the unjustified shootings,fatal choking, and rough treatment have contributed to the present problem of police brutality. Stop and frisk is a crucial problem that the police department goes through. Stop and frisk is when an officer suspects that someone is carrying a weapon or something illegal and will pat them down it helps the police officers to prevent a crime before it happens.
Why We Punish & Different Ways Criminals are Punished Why does the criminal justice system of America punish criminals? The answer lies in the words “justice.” The term justice can be interpreted in many ways. Criminals are punished to: make people abide the laws of their country and state, put an end to illegal activity that could be harmful to themselves or the community, protect the public from evil, prevent crime from rising in certain areas. These are just some of the reasons why criminals are punished. There are also different approaches to punishing criminals such as: sentences that fit the crime, community service, the death penalty, and rehabilitation.
In society, there are still ongoing issues regarding race and discrimination. Since many of the stereotypes and stigmas transfers from many social constructs, many criminal justice officials also carry these stereotypes and stigmas. Due to the stereotypes many lawyers internalize, it causes conflict between the relationship between the client and the lawyer. Another major issue that many lawyers face is regarding the issue of income. It is a lawyer's responsibility to provide counsel to those who cannot afford one if they choose to have counsel.
If proper steps are not taken an individual can be wrongfully convicted due to cognitive biases, institutional pressures, and normative features of the criminal justice system. For this reason, it is extremely important to take many factors into account when analyzing a case from the moment the individual went in for questioning till the moment the case is closed. Rightful steps must be made so that the presenting cognitive and physical biases do not cloud the judgment of the prosecutors or judges. For this reason, it is imperative that the criminal justice system has a comprehensive understanding of how tunnel vision can affect the system as a whole regarding criminal case
It is no secret that are there many issues in Trinidad and Tobago (T&T) that need serious address, action and resolution. Some of these problems arise as a result of the inadequacies in the legal and the criminal justice system. The following are my observations as well as my ideas on how to overcome these inefficiencies in T&T’s society. Firstly, crime has maintained its position as the number one problem facing Trinidad and Tobago. Crime, whether it is violent or petty, has an extremely negative impact on every member of the society as well as the tourism industry.
One of the biggest issues in society right now is police brutality and the treatment of the minorities, specifically people of color. This article talks about the impact that inequality has on minorities and how a social worker would need to interact with these individuals, who have experienced inequality firsthand. This article is a great resource for current social work majors to become familiar with the trauma and issues an individual in a minority will encounter and how to talk to and handle clients going through these social issues. This article is a great resource for social work majors, who are not apart of a racial or ethnic minority, because it allows them to see how minorities are treated and the issues that come from being apart of these minority groups. Social workers have to deal with people of all races and ethnicities so it is very important to be familiar with the treatment of minorities in
Moreover, huge numbers of the most exceedingly bad types of child labour, such as human trafficking, use of children in prostitution and drug trafficking and armed conflicts are the criminal acts, which requires the involvement of police , rather than the labour inspector or at least close collaboration between them. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa also, there is some legislation regarding child labour, like The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Child Protection and Welfare Act, 2010. But, there is a need to enforce it properly according to the situation prevails. Hence, close cooperation and partnership between law making bodies, law enforcement agencies and NGOs are essential to achieve impressive results in eradicating the child labour. 2.7 Labour Rights in the Constitution of Pakistan: The 1973 Constitution of Pakistan contains an extensive variety of procurements with respect to labour rights in Part: II (Fundamental Rights and Principles of Policy).