Within this discrimination, they are basically say that one kind is more likely to do one thing then another. There is evidence that“ ...even deep-seated stereotypes and unconscious biases can be eroded through both education and exposure to minorities who don’t fit common stereotypes...they can be contained when people are held accountable for their decisions. “(Fact Sheet). Racial profiling dehumanizes societies and is a bias act made by authorities. Using Racial profiling creates tension, especially when people are treated differently because of the way they look.
There had been many attempts to answer this problem, however it is still not solved. This issue, as well as trying to be explained and examined with many other sciences and studies, could be explained with psychology, sociology and social psychology. There are many reasons causing police to use excessive force on black males, and there are many background social or psychological motives pushing them to be more prejudiced and racially profiling. To start with, in his work Police Racial Violence: Lessons From Social Psychology, L. Song Richardson argues that “Implicit Racial Bias and Implicit White Favorism” are counted as one of those reasons. (Richardson, 2015, p.
Based on most local and national news stations, minorities are targeted for small crime offenses while majorities are literally blowing up the country. It is understood that the police could more effectively fight crime by targeting minor offenses (Hinkle 1). Those minor offenses are more likely done by minorities but more specifically Black Males. Raja Staggers-Hakim’s article argues the needs of Black male youth, relative to police killings, are captured, and persistent racial stereotypes that are often used to justify the extra judicial killings of unarmed African American boys and young men are challenged. His argument understands the social epidemic of police killings on the emotional and psychological well-being of Black males to put an end to police killings.
Claudia Rankine’s “Citizen” focuses on race through different stories and experiences. Racial profiling in particular is detailed on page 107 of the book. Many people have been and continue to be racially profiled by the police, with minority groups being the most profiled. Racial profiling does not take into consideration that a person might be innocent but instead focuses on skin color as a way of trying to catch criminals. Racial profiling of innocent individuals takes a toll on their psyche and makes them believe that no matter what they do, they will be deemed guilty until they can prove they are innocent.
It also provides an example of how attitudes towards community policing in these types of areas differs from disadvantaged social and economic areas, which may assist in understanding how to bridge the gap in community policing as a whole. McNeeley, S., & Grothoff, G. (2016). A multilevel examination of the relationship between racial tension and attitudes toward the police. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 41(3), 383-401. doi:10.1007/s12103-015-9318-2 This journal article examines whether a citizen’s individual perception of racial tension, or that of an entire community, leads to a negative attitude toward law enforcement (McNeeley & Grothoff, 2016). Telephone surveys were used in Seattle, Washington, in neighborhoods where there were large proportions of minority residents.
This paper had two essential objectives. The principal objective was to highlight the relationship between racial discrimination and police brutality as well as find out the recommendations available that can help curb police brutality. The second objective was to analyze how people subjectively see law enforcement, and additionally what those suggestions hold the minorities in certain parts of the world. This study adds to the developing body of academic work that has analyzed discernments in regards to law enforcement by giving regard to the numbers and also what unknown men and ladies say in regards to those numbers. Basically, these recognitions straightforwardly address the emotions that people within the society at large make in regards
The area of gender inequality has been widespread in our society since the inception of humanity. Gender inequality is a socially constructed issue which stems from the hierarchy men have had over women for centuries. The similar problem is still is dominant in the field of law enforcement where women are far underrepresented compared to men, and this paper will examine the history, statistics, gender roles and philosophical perspectives behind the underrepresentation of women in law enforcement. However many police departments across the country have gradually begun to intergrade more diversity, inclusivity and gender equality programs to balance the issue of gender inequality better. The history of policing in Canada is relatively extensive
Pre-existing beliefs of ethnic minorities from the media, police sub-culture or other micro-level influences mean that ethnic minorities are more likely to be stopped by the police than white people in an occupational culture where targeting is encouraged (see Cashmore, 2001; Bowling et al, 2008). Such targeting mandates are guided by discretion and are likely to become entrenched in the structural policies of the police. It is in such a situation that institutional racism finds its expression. Oakley (1999, p.290) defines the term as ‘the way institutions or organizations may systematically treat, or tend to treat, people differently in respect of "race"’. When such patterns of ill-treatment are repeated continuously, they take on a ‘rule-like status’ and cannot be easily disrupted (see Haney-Lopez 2000, p. 1723).
It exists in many various forms - overrepresentation, over-policing, and under-policing. It occurs in every aspect of life where one group has more authority than the other. The main area where inequality and discrimination is widely apparent in Australia is the relationship between the criminal justice system and Aboriginal people. An extensive explanation may be found in the obvious imbalance between the various groups in our society. Looking at policing is important not only because it is the starting point for involvement in the justice system, but also because the police play an exceptionally prominent and pervasive role in the lives of Aboriginal people in the justice system.