The Germans lost territory and other countries tried to weaken Germany’s military potential and strengthen their own to compensate for the destruction of their lands caused by the Germans. The Germans were unanimously against the Treaty of Versailles. They viewed the terms of the treaty as humiliating and merciless, designed to keep Germany militarily and economically weak. To the Germans, the Treaty of Versailles was not the beginning of the New World that Wilson had promised, but a horrible
The goals for Austrias revolution was based on nationalist ideas such as the want for more independence and the splitting up of the Austrian Empire. Austria wanted to get rid of their leader, Metternich, because he was the one who had been working for years to hold the empire together. Some of Austrias revolution was caused by the revolutions in France at the time. In effort to force Metternich out of power, revolts were happening in Vienna. The fighting in Vienna was mainly between Austria and France.
There are also some symbols Anouilh puts into his Antigone one is Creon’s attack. While he is mad at her proud defiance of the law and him not being able to change her mind in anyway Creon grabs Antigone’s arm and does so really tightly in which Antigone feels nothing which then shows that Antigone has passed beyond the reach of the state power and the control of men. These two different examples can also be related to France at the time of Nazi occupation. The rivalry of Antigone and Ismene can be seen as the rivalry of the Allies and the Axis powers of world war two where Antigone in this case represents the Allies just as she represented the French resistance and Ismene would represent the Axis powers. This comparison is shown due to the differences in Ideals between the Allied and Axis powers as the differences between the two sisters.
The culture and practices of their time avoided them any critical analysis of their status in the society. In fact, even when slaves started revolts and violent riots, there actions where only confined to that single occasion. Overall, there was no bigger picture in their eyes on the brutality of slavery. The conditions and the cultural understanding of that time were so clear-cut and strong on the idea of blackness and slavery, that most slaves probably even believed that they were racially inferior to the white master and that their role in the society was to serve. Mostly because the wonderful ideas of civil disobedience brought by Rosa Parks in 1955 where far from the slaves in the plantations, who lived centuries before the declaration of human rights and the abolition of slavery.
Moreover, the German revolution caused endless chaos and tension in Germany, stealing away the soldiers’ focus on victory in WW1, therefore negatively affecting their performance & sparking their defeat in WW1. The figure above (Figure 2: German Revolution), shows one of the demonstrations in the German revolution. However, the German revolution stemmed many changes into the German authority, as the Kaiser was coerced to resign & Germany was announced a republic. (Figure 2: German Revolution) In conclusion, many different factors combined led to the German defeat in WW1, including the US entry into WW1, the naval factors, the authoritative factors, the blockades and the failure of the U-boat campaign as well as the Ludendorff offensive. Moreover, these factors are highly related, as the entry of the US was the main factor that gave rise to their defeat, and most of the other causes were an upshot of the US entry into
With examples of the negative effects and failures of multiculturalism in countries such as Germany, nationalism is being implemented globally on a much larger scale. German Chancellor Angela Merkel, in response to increasing crime rates and increased poverty as an effect of looser immigration laws, commented that multiculturalism in Germany had “utterly failed,” and that it was “a sham” (Noack). In addition, the former president of France, Nicolas Sarkozy, once stated “we’ve been too concerned about the identity of new arrivals and not enough about the identity of the country receiving them ” (“Subscribe to the FT to Read: Financial Times How Europe Lost Faith in Multiculturalism”). These notions of regret from leaders and former leaders of countries that implemented a multicultural idea have led to states on the global scale being reluctant to embrace multiculturalism, especially due to the influence of France and Germany on the global market. In America, nationalism is being justified by the current leadership by pointing to the failures of this multicultural European system.
Feagin argues while the racialization process is important, its founders fail to address the material and political-economic interests of those in power. Feagin believes systemic racism to be a “big picture” approach, and an understanding that the entirety of society’s foundation is based on anti-Black racism and oppression. The main tenet of systemic racism is that “all racial-ethnic relationships and events, past and present” must be placed in the context of targeting African Americans to be understood (Feagin 2006). Furthermore, Feagin argues that racial formation does not adequately address contemporary racism, and concepts such as the intergenerational transmission of material and cultural wealth. Systemic racism is a theory that understands the United States as a web of interconnected and interdependent organizations and institutions that work as a system for the purpose of racial
American forces suffered a devastating defeat during the War of 1812 attempting to annex Canada by ignoring various strategic principles. Many Americans believed the assault would be a cakewalk due to Britain being so distracted by the Napoleonic Wars in Europe. President Thomas Jefferson stated “The acquisition of Canada this year, as far as the neighborhood of Quebec, will be a mere matter of marching.” The overconfidence of Jefferson and his generals violated the principles of mass, security, and economy of force. What went wrong? A number of realities were overlooked; terrain, weather, and the general overall physical vastness of Canada.
“For all their elegance, the foreign policies of Bismarck contained a fatal flaw: only Bismarck could make them work. Therefore, these policies are not worthy of praise.” Otto Von Bismarck was a militaristic and political genius. However, after Kaiser William II fired him, his policies and all that he had worked for fell through and failed. After the unification of Germany, Bismarck’s foreign policy was very isolationist towards overseas affairs. He knew Germany couldn’t be successful in another insulated war, so his after unification policies were committed to preserving the peace of Europe.
The Treaty of Versailles left Germany in shambles, humiliated and broken, with an unstable economy. As a result, many Germans wanted revenge and held intense resentment towards the Allied Powers. Eventually, this plunged German into a state of desperation, where people were willing to follow anyone to lead them out of darkness. This led to the rise of Adolf Hitler, who was able to persuade Germans to free Germany from the “chains of Versailles”, where his many speeches mainly blamed the provisions of the treaty with responsibility of Germany’s many problems. Hitler’s mind-set and determination, along with the support of Germans, to make Germany into a stronger nation once again led to WWII and attempts to revoke the treaty.