The whites feared mixing of the race which is the Mongrel Race; because they were afraid the white race would be diluted. So, they did everything keep blacks at the bottom. The Southern states reacted by creating and enforcing Jim Crow laws. The Jim Crow was a system created as a segregation of colored people and white people, but mainly focusing on blacks. These laws existed because of the idea of being superior (Ferris State University, 2012).
Segregation has plagued the U.S. since before the Civil War. Racism between blacks and whites has ended in horrible incidents to blacks done by whites. Racial segregation is primarily done in the south. The government seems to do nothing to stop it. The racial segregation has has to stop, the Declaration of Independence says, “all men are created equal” but in the south that does not apply.
The first influence on Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird are the Jim Crow laws. The Jim Crow laws were horrible demeaning laws to keep african americans lower than whites. The laws were designed to keep the white class higher and superior to blacks in all areas of work, education and society in general, the jim crow laws were a racial caste system that was mostly in use in the south. ( what was Jim 1) “ Jim crow was more than a series of rigid anti-black laws, it was a way of life.” (Pilgrim 1).
(McCormick 156) When we hear “slavery,” we imagine history; when whites believed they had more power over African Americans. According to Webster Dictionary, slavery reveals as submissive to a dominating influence, there’s many different ways to define such a negative word; such as, subjection, captivity, enchainment, imprisonment, incarceration, and so on. No matter what you call it, it still has a negative connotation.
Coates says “One aim of the American policy, historically, has been to insure that the “right people” are rarely black.” He goes on to talk about how the President has said about the Native American culture to tell us Blacks and Native Americans should be more like Jews and Asian Americans that don’t complain as much, but Coates goes to say how could you say such a thing about how those other races can speak on such an issue when they haven’t been persecuted in America like the African American race has endured slavery with countless years and the wrath of white supremacists using fences to keep the community separated. White people created rules for the Cherokee Nation when they invaded their land for them to be acceptable to them and the be apart of their culture they had to abide by their terms. The Cherokee embraced the west culture and even integrated some of the western culture. Moreover as coates says “The wolf has never much cared whether the sheep were cultured or
I thought that by sitting there I'd be making a racist, anti-white statement" (350). This to me is clearly a product of socialization which can still be found in the southeren regions of the United States. There are still people who think that black people should be with black people and white people should be with white people and they shouldn't interact with each other to a certain extent. In this case, the author wanted to break that social construction by not sitting at the black table being himself black. For example, some families were raised in a household that supported the idea of separation between blacks and whites and this is a belief that has been passed down the generations for many years.
For many years racism and colonialism have been the reality of the world. Both were used to advance the idea that one race was superior to another, the blacks being inferior to the whites. The Atlantic Slave trade headed the notion of colonialism, the whites believed it was their duty to civilize the blacks as they were seen as ‘untamed beasts’ that needed to be colonized. This resulted in a number of whites exploiting the blacks to gain wealth whilst, the blacks lost everything (families, identities and even their lives). The whites were skilled at manipulating to the point that some blacks believed their views as they often found ways to justify their actions.
Racism is part of human nature and it has existed throughout human history from antiquity. The first racism cases started between black and white people. Nowadays racism has been spread all over the world despite the globalization that our contemporary civilization has undergone. But, because of the increase of emigrational waves and the intense nationalism, racism has become a big problem not only for immigrant groups but for all the world’s humans. The onus is on us to eliminate the problem of racism before it becomes even worse.
But even if literal slavery passed, Jim Crow laws, arguably one of the most unjustifiable crimes to the American Dream, brought segregation, causing the freedom to be not so free after all. Blacks weren’t the only ones that faced discrimination either: women, natives, and other minorities had to work their way through life, dealing with
Hayes became president of the United States, the first decision he made was to end reconstruction by removing all the Union troops from the south, but that led to the ex-Confederates gaining control of the south. With racist ex-Confederates back in power, the southern African Americans were destined to be segregated, in regards to their place in society. According to the Supreme Court, segregation did not violate the fourteenth amendment as long as blacks had access to accommodations that were “separate but equal” to those of white people. Jim Crow laws were implemented as a way for white people to treat African Americans unfairly. White people did not want to accept the fact that they had to share public places with black citizens, so these Jim Crow laws set some boundaries by segregating black and white people in public schools, restaurants, trains, sports stadiums and movie theaters.
For example, open Black support of harsh punishment and law enforcement may seem hypocritical because in reality these policies and practices contribute to mass incarceration of Blacks. Alexander clarifies that Black support is more complex than it appears and can be attributed to a combination of complicity and wanting better safety for their communities and families (Alexander, 2012, p.210). Alexander also offers a unique perspective throughout the entire book by explaining how the systems of slavery and oppression have affected White individuals and not merely in the form of privilege or the dismissal of White people as simply as racist individuals. I resonated with one particular section discussing the "White victims of racial caste" (Alexander, 2012, p.204); the author 's anecdote of a white woman falling in love with a Black man and due to miscegenation laws could not have children. I could relate to this story on a deeply personal level in that my own parents experienced extreme and countless hurdles due to their interracial relationship and having biracial
When slavery was declared illegal in the 19th century, US laws have often been changed or have been manipulated in order to exclude Blacks from financial success, individual freedom, and public participation in our society. As Reverend Harriet Walden, who works on Black on Black violence in Seattle, WA, has said “We cannot talk about this without talking about white supremacy and racism.” From Jim Crow, to redlining, to racial profiling, these barriers have been effective in frustrating Black people’s legal efforts to support themselves and their families. And when people are unable to participate in a legitimate economy, they have at times turned to illegal economies. And those environments support and encourage violence.
The Fugitive Slave Act shed some light on things, it helped to create iconic abolitionists and antislavery orators such as Frederick Douglas and others. These were actual people who had experienced slavery first hand and could describe it better than any white abolitionist. Maybe the Fugitive Slave Act allowed Northerners who had always thought slavery was hard to see slavery, saw it for the first time. The white northerners saw African American people, both free and fugitive, being dragged away in chains while there was a law in place to make sure they had no
Jim Crow was not a person, it was a series of laws that imposed legal segregation between white Americans and African Americans in the American South. It promoting the status “Separate but Equal”, but for the African American community that was not the case. African Americans were continuously ridiculed, and were treated as inferiors. Although slavery was abolished in 1865, the legal segregation of white Americans and African Americans was still a continuing controversial subject and was extended for almost a hundred years (abolished in 1964). Remembering Jim Crow: African Americans Tell About Life in the Segregated South is a series of primary accounts of real people who experienced this era first-hand and was edited by William H.Chafe, Raymond