Alice walker created the splash in the literary world because of his womanist concept in her epistolary novel The Color Purple in 1982. She won the Pulitzer Prize for her fiction in 1982. And she was the first black woman to won this prize. Many women writers during 1970’s and 80’s like Toni Morrison, Gloria Naylor, Toni Code Bambara, Walker, Joyce Carol Thomas, Audre Lordes and Paul Marshal talk about how black women’s lives were affected by sexism and racism. Their writings were like bulwarks against social taboos.
‘The Colour Purple’, published in 1982, was written by Alice Walker and demonstrates the brutal treatment of black women within the early 20th century. During this time, there was much oppression, particularly for black women. They were mistreated purely because of their colour and gender. The form and content of the novel can be viewed as a slave narrative that reflects the struggle for one woman’s independence. Female independence and freedom from the patriarchal society are topics that many feminist literary theorists tend to explore, particularly those that belonged to the third wave of feminist writing.
The most prominent point of The Second Sex is to illustrate how women are segregated from society by men, something which happens a lot in Heart of Darkness. De Beauvoir explains to the audience that men and women often do not understand one other and because men hold a higher social status in a patriarchal society, they have made women the ‘Other’ group in society. This is made evident by De Beauvoir’s following quote: “To pose Woman is to pose the absolute Other, without reciprocity, denying against all experience that she is a subject, a fellow human being.” (De Beauvoir 1266). As a consequence of not understanding women, De Beauvoir explains, men use this false sense of mystery as an excuse not to understand women or their problems. In Heart of Darkness the narrator Marlow believes that women live in their own naïve little world and that they should not interfere with the affairs of men, which he states in the following
Money, power, and success have blinded people into thinking they are in love and it has led to these women being oppressed. Tom and Gatsby in this book are what is called the patriarchy. According to Revise Sociology, the patriarchy is “The systematic domination of women by men in some or all of society’s spheres and institutions.” In Tom and Daisy’s marriage; they are both having an affair, Tom wasn’t at his child’s birth, and he oppresses Daisy physically, maybe by accident, and socially, by not allowing her to go wherever she wants to go. In Tom and Myrtle’s affair; they are both married, yet they have this affair, she is dependent on him because he oppresses her economically and psychologically, and he also oppresses her physically when he broke her nose. In Gatsby and Daisy’s relationship; she is having an affair with him and he psychologically oppressed her with his money and wealth only to get the idea he has of her as his “Golden Girl.” Fitzgerald’s argument is, when love is not the main reason for a relationship it will lead into oppression of women.
At one part in the novel the author states that race is “ignorable”. The author is portraying the fact that the race of a person should not matter. There are many examples from the text where the main characters experience racism and push through the struggle. Ruth McBride-Jordan is one of the main characters throughout the novel and is also the mother of James McBride. Ruth is the perfect example of a person who sees race as being “ignorable”.
Even though Zenia is constantly being referred to as a sex symbol, she does not let herself be degraded, abused or exploited by anyone. Instead, she uses this advantage on her preys (her friends) because she knows they cannot withstand the same treatment she goes through thus resulting in her trying to break each of her friends
Black women faced constant sexism in the Black Liberation Movement. The movement, though ostensibly for the liberation of the black race, was in word and deed for the liberation of the black male. Freedom was equated with manhood and the freedom of blacks with the redemption of black masculinity. The lives of African-American women have been critically affected by racism, sexism and classism, which are systems of societal and psychological restriction. The racist, sexist and classist structure the American society compartmentalizes its its various ethnic groups, denigrates the colored as inferior and characterizes males and females as center and margin respectively.
English Literary Essay Amy Olley I have always felt very strongly about discrimination of races and so I decided to examine racism in Southern America between the 1930s and 1960s. The theme of my book project is: An Examination of the effects of the Jim Crow Legislation and of racism on both black and white in the books To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, which is my classic, The Help by Kathryn Stockett and The Colour Purple by Alice Walker. The Jim Crow Legislation was implemented in Southern America in 1876 and it ended in 1965. The Jim Crow was a legalization of black and white segregation. Separate areas for whites and blacks were constructed and there were punishments for people conversing with a different race.
Channsin Berry and Bill Duke, who are both Black men, the focus is on how the issue of Eurocentric beauty standards, or more specifically colorism, effects the Black community. Colorism is defined to be the “prejudice or discrimination based on the relative lightness or darkness of the skin” (Dark Girls). In this case, lightness is preferred while darkness is not. According to Matthew Shenoda, Assistant Provost for Equity and Diversity at the California Institution of the Arts, it is a concept that has its roots in years of White colonization and slavery (Dark Girls). When White people took control of masses of people, a sort of cultural invasion occurred and because the people were being taught that the colonizers are superior, they started to change their sense of beauty, intelligence, identity, and superiority with whiteness.
Racism in America still perseveres after the Civil Rights movement, shown by the unremitting discrimination of black men and women. A myriad number of accounts about racism and oppression plague America’s archive.