In the scene of Alexandria’s club meeting, Scout is called away from helping Cal to partake in a conversation she is unable to fully contribute to- an attempt to reinforce and uphold the stratification between privileged white woman preying on the only black woman who is respected in this novel. While Mayella is viewed almost as bad off as a minority, because of her isolation and education and income, Jem concludes that mixed children are unable to socialize with other kids, putting them at the most disadvantaged position. This hierarchy pits women against each other, encouraging inter-community discourse that is entirely
However, Sula refused the issue of motherhood completely. Therefore, her behaviors unpleasantly welcomed by local folks. All the people in the town started to ignore her, but “Sula does not see herself in conjunction with any of their idea” (Galehouse342). She bravely rejected all the traditions imposed by the black community. Marriage and milk are two essential part of motherhood, which have been refused by Sula.
She is described as the ‘woman’s woman – that mother/ sister/ she; that unphotographable beauty’ (46). Her beauty cannot be photographed because unlike Jadine’s, it cannot be co-opted by the dominant society. It is jarring for Jadine when that woman looks back at her and spits, in a gesture that is damning because it signifies that Jadine, by falling in with the white society she considers herself a part of, has committed an act of betrayal towards her community, or race, or black womanhood. In a 1985 conversation with Gloria Naylor, Toni Morrison says that that woman in yellow ‘is the real chic. The one that authenticates everything.
Because Frado is of mixed race, she experiences an even worse sort of degradation than she would have if both of her parents had been black, a situation which leads to her position as a societal outcast. For example, Mrs. Bellmont’s hatred for Frado and the strength of her cruelty progressively increase throughout the story in part because Frado “was not many shades darker than Mary now,” suggesting that Mrs. Bellmont fears the power that black people could gain if they were treated as equals to whites in the North (Wilson 39). For example, Mrs. Bellmont forbids Frado from sheltering her skin from the sun in an attempt to make Frado darker. She fears that her peers will notice that Frado is not much darker than Mary: “what a calamity it would be to ever hear that contrast spoken of.... Mrs. Bellmont was determined the sun should have full power to darken the shade which nature had first bestowed on her as best fitting” (Wilson 39). Although Mrs. Bellmont has already alienated Frado as a result of her skin color, she attempts to further remove Frado by attempting to expel Frado from the liminal space she occupies as a mulatto by making her darker skinned.
In the novel, The Help, by Kathryn Stockett, there are many characters that can be identified as an antagonist throughout the story. However, Hilly Holbrook is the most significant of them all. With her attitude towards colored people, her controlling personality, and the methods she uses in order to have her way, it is obvious that Ms. Hilly is a definite villain of this novel. In the novel, many white families, including Ms. Hilly’s, had hired African American maids to help them around the house. Unfortunately, even though Ms. Hilly’s help worked hard and did as they were told, she still did not give them the light of day.
They have not only “…been abused by white men…” (Matus, 119), but also they begin to lose their humanity. Even, the black people aren’t given permission to learn writing and reading. It is clear that “…if blacks could write they should not be treated as animals” (Rice, 103). The female characters in the novel, especially Baby Suggs is brave to mention the inhuman acts of white race in her community. “Those white things have taken all I had or dreamt, “she said, “and broke my heartstrings, too.
It is the mother’s vulnerability to the racial standards of beauty that is transmitted to the daughter and ultimately leads to her victimization. In fact, the reason of Pauline’s vulnerability to the racially prejudiced notions of beauty lies in her relationship with her own mother. The relationship between Pecola Breedlove, the protagonist, and her mother, Pauline Breedlove, is ironically characterized by lack of love, and emotional attachment, indifference, frustration and cruelty. Set in a small town in Ohio, during the Depression, The Bluest Eye is the story of eleven year old Pecola Breedlove, who, victimized by the racist society, yearns for blue eyes, which, she believes, will make her worthy of love, happiness and acceptance in the
It also reminds us of Jean Toomer’s Cane which shows us the gray shades of lynching. The nineteenth century Georgia is very cruel to those men who desire or demand equal and adequate space in the social set-up. Just one incident of Celie’s father being lynched, deteriorates both the daughter’s lives. The madwoman (Celie’s mother) in her attic loses her sensibility, her grace and her respect because her husband was lynched. Even in a much modernized society like Georgia, woman is idealized as the mother of the human race yet she is abused, beaten and exploited, threatened and thrown, casted and “outcasted, and later called as disgrace and
Morrison satirizes the internalized racism and what it can do to the most vulnerable member of a community, a young girl. At the same time, she does not want to dehumanize the people who wound this girl, because that would simple repeat their mistakes. Morrison decided to write a novel about how internalized racism affects young black girls in a range of ways, some petty and minute, some tragic and overwhelming. " Many critics explore how Morrison challenges prevailing stereotypes of African American women, especially in the women centered novels, like The Bluest Eye " (Raynor and Butler
The major theme in this book is Racism; people who live in Maycomb are racist to one another. The blacks do not socialized or even talk to the white people. And the same is done by the White people. But this barrier is somehow broken by Calpurnia, who is a maid and a cook to the Finch family. She acts as a mother figure to Scout and Jem, and also a trusted family member.