In the South of the United States in the 1930´s, the justice system was very unfair towards colored people. Colored people that were sent to court could not receive a fair trial because of the prejudice and racism from the jury. This happened all the time, especially in Maycomb Alabama. In the book To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, a colored man named Tom Robinson was convicted of assaulting a white woman just because of the color of his skin. Tom Robinson should have been found not guilty for many reasons.
The feeling of self-hatred was dangerous for their healthy development. Margret Walker rightly observed that : With segregation the white child was educated to regard race as more important than humanity, and the black child was educated to regard a white world as superior to his own. And thus, taught to hate himself. (Walker, Margret, 49) The protagonist of Native Son, Bigger Thomas lives in a slum area of Chicago’s ‘Black-Belt’. Dey Manak Kumar rightly observes :
Ruth Lynch was a young girl when she read “To Kill a Mockingbird”. Lynch said that it gave her hope that not all Caucasians were evil and eased her fear of living in a racist world. Laura Bush, the former first lady, says Lee’s novel was created to bring the country together despite the many different backgrounds. Actress Tina Sloan explained how her and her friends were awakened and realized just what racial prejudice was. Anna Strasberg, another actress says that she believes the novel will teach people to trust others more and not judge a book by its cover.
Why would Tom Robinson be labeled as a rapist right away without strong proofs of his innocence? The reason why he is accused of rape and considered guilty is because he is an African-American and that instantly labels him as a criminal or a murderer. The people in Maycomb also labels Atticus Finch as a threat to Maycomb town and they call him a “nigger-lover” just because he is defending Tom Robinson and for being his lawyer on the court. Judging people by just seeing them for the first time without knowing the person is just not the right way to criticize a person. It could also be referred to rating a book by judging its cover without reading the inside of a book.
The whites feared mixing of the race which is the Mongrel Race; because they were afraid the white race would be diluted. So, they did everything keep blacks at the bottom. The Southern states reacted by creating and enforcing Jim Crow laws. The Jim Crow was a system created as a segregation of colored people and white people, but mainly focusing on blacks. These laws existed because of the idea of being superior (Ferris State University, 2012).
An example of the laws is there were “laws that required Whites and Blacks to attend separate schools and to sit in different areas on public transportation. The laws extended to parks, cemeteries, theaters, and restaurants” (“Jim Crow Laws” 1). One thing I find particularly disturbing is that even in death (cemeteries), people of color were still not equal to whites. The absurd extent of the Jim Crow laws makes it hard to understand why they were put in place, but there was some, if very little, reason behind it. People thought these laws were needed because it was necessary to keep things in order.
During the early 1900s , racism was dominating the south. Jim Crow Laws gave blacks little rights and made it almost impossible to live a normal life. In court, judges and juries were filled with white men. Biases and racism over run court rulings. A black man winning a trial over a white man was unheard of.
Racism, the belief that one race possesses inherent traits that make that particular race superior to other races. In 1900s black people were treated cruelly, and even got killed because of racism. They were considered inferior to the white race. People used to judge each other based on their skin color, and race. The society used to turn a blind eye to the racial problems.
The author’s description of the court’s ruling was definite and expected because as Atticus explained, society is biased, therefore the court of all white men were always partisan towards voting in favor of a white man without allowing any arguments against him to sway them. Even though Tom Robinson was not guilty and Atticus had strongly proven him as an innocent who was falsely accused of rape, but because discrimination was a factor in the final judgement, the consequences in society’s prejudice consequently led to the suffering of innocent individuals like Tom Robinson who received discriminatory treatment and trial due to their race. Descriptions of southern beliefs during the time period throughout the book develop and clarify the major theme of the
Alisha Anderson Ms. Norman Honors English 9 21 September 2017 In To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee implies that people create racism by becoming fearful of change and having the need to be more powerful than someone else; as a result, the privileged use their power to tyrannize people of another skin color because they are frightened that someone different might be treated equally. This trend can sometimes be broken by people who think it is morally incorrect to treat anyone disrespectfully just because they are different. While humans should be equal, fear of differences and the desire for advantages in life compels people in the majority to treat the minority maliciously and unfairly. When Scout looked around at the mob wanting to lynch Tom Robinson she saw that “the men were dressed..in overalls and denim shirts buttoned up to the collar” (Lee 153). Through Harper Lee’s use of imagery she reveals that the clothing is very important to display discrimination and that the people in the majority of society dress the same way, and the people who dress different and look different are not welcome into the society and are treated differently.This shows that the people who are in the larger number of community can and will treat people unalike to them differently just because they look unsimilar, meaning that in a population, what you wear decides what group you get placed in.
Reconstruction was socially unsuccessful because of the Ku Klux Klan, Jim Crow Laws, and Segregation. The Ku Klux Klan would threaten, beat, and murder blacks and republicans. They would burn crosses on their raids, and would throw little wooden caskets in the home of the Republican or African American who was being raided. Jim Crow Laws separated the population because, it make it so white people would always have the better out of black people such as, seats on a train, or there American rights would be discriminated on. Jim Crow Laws also made it so blacks would have to go to different schools, different public transportation areas, different schools, and different restaurants.
The school board voted in favor of expelling the child. As a result of their decision, “two member of the White board resigned… the school board responded by establishing four schools for Black children.” Ultimately, the African-American families of Cincinnati proved African-Americans were breaking their submissive nature and fighting for the matter of equality. Not all states believed in segregation of public schools such as Iowa. In 1857, Iowa passed a law “eliminating restrictions to educational facilities because of skin
The children see how harshly Mr. Gilmer, the prosecutor, treats a black man like Tom Robinson. The children become aware of the cruelty of racism when an innocent black man is found guilty of assaulting a white woman. Broken and in shock, Jem, Scout, and Dill try to forget the incident because they are unhappy with the result of the trial. The children try to let time pass and move on but are unable to forget some of the immoral reasons behind it, which is the racial discrimination against the blacks and the unjustifiable prosecution of a guiltless
One reason was, Southern schools were different from Northern schools because they were segregated. Blacks and Whites had to attend different schools, because of segregation the systems therefore was not equal. Schools for white children received more public money, because “to allow local school districts the power to levy taxes for school funding were defeated at every turn and efforts to assess higher property values for taxation met a similar fate.” [ Harvey].
That meant that blacks and women were not payed nearly as much as white men. The Act got rid of segregation against blacks in white schools. It made people angry because they did not want black people going to the same school with them. This Act caused many fights and riots. The