Ideologies of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X The Civil Rights Movement 1950s and1960s consisted of the efforts made by Civil rights activist to end racial segregation and discrimination. Even though basic civil rights for African America where granted through the Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments of the United States Constitution (Franklin, 535-536). However, Jim Crow laws and institutionalized racism continued to oppress African Americans decades later and considered them second class citizen. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X are probably the most prominent African American civil rights leaders of the 20th century. The two of them are icons of contemporary African-American culture and had a great influence on equality for not just African Americans but all races in America till this very day (Mintz, 30).
Baldwin was at the center of the civil rights movement. In 1963 Baldwin assembled a group of Black leaders to meet with Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy to discuss race relations. Baldwin came to write this book because he wanted to and was able to give a firsthand account of what it was like to be a “Negro” growing up and then living in a “white” America of the 1960s. This book was James Baldwin’s plea to "end the racial nightmare" (p. 156). It is shocking to read this and to realize how little has changed between 1963 and now.
Martin Luther King struggle can be construed as an advocacy for a good society. I say this because according to Merriam Webster dictionary, advocacy means the act or process of supporting a cause or proposal (Merriam Webster). During Martin Luther King’s life, he supported a major cause in the African American society which was the Civil Rights movement. Dr. Martin Luther King made many recommendations for a policy to be passed to stop institutionalized racism. Martin Luther King goal was to raise the public consciousness of racism.
“I didn 't know I was a slave until I found out I couldn 't do the things I wanted”, said Frederick Douglass. "Frederick Douglass was an African-American social reformer, abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman. He became a national leader of the abolitionist movement (Abolitionism is a movement to end slavery) from Massachusetts to New York." As a leader of the abolitionist movement, Douglass played an important role to end slavery and started to establish African-American rights through his actions and efforts as a lecturer, author, and
The following two quotes from Souls of Black Folk summarizes Du Bois attitude towards Booker T. Washington’s political plan and idea of industrial education. Both quotes are taken from CHAPTER III: Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others. Here is how W.E.B. Du Bois felt about Washington’s industrial education solution, “His programme of industrial education, conciliation of the South, and submission and silence as to civil and political rights, was not wholly original; the Free Negroes from 1830 up to war-time had striven to build industrial schools, and the American Missionary Association had from the first taught various trades; and Price and others had sought a way of honorable alliance with the best of the Southerners.” Du Bois made it known
HBCU Lifestyle has questioned America, “It’s becoming a perennial argument in academic circles: Are HBCU’s still needed in so called post-racial America? History for and about African Americans still matter in recent society.” HBCU’s are what paved the way for African Americans to get equal education during slavery, Civil Rights moment, and the Jim Crow Laws. A scholar should attend an HBCU because of the table of excellence, legacies
Sterling A Brown One of the first known writers to infuse his poetry with black folklore .Today he is considered the dean of American Negro poets. Sterling Allen Brown was born in Washington, DC to an upper middle class African American. He earned a master’s degree from Harvard University. He focused on jazz the blues, and folklore and spiritual songs. He focuses on racial concerns in America.
African American autobiography is motivated by a revisionist attitude toward exploring the issues involving the black people in America and the autobiographer himself. The genre of autobiography is often utilised as a tool to demolish the myths of black inferiority, and to break the chains which have held the African American in bondage to the white man over the generations. Thus, often in its final rendering, African American autobiography is a quest for freedom while opposing and repudiating oppression and discrimination based on colour. Therefore, a study of African American autobiography proves its uniqueness while it continues to adhere to the autobiographical canon. Attempting a general yet comprehensive definition of autobiography, James Olney writes that it is: a recollective/narrative act in which the writer, from a certain point in his life – the present - , looks back over the events of that life and recounts them in such a way as to show how that past history has led to this present state of being.
W. E. B. Du Bois was an American sociologist, historian and civil rights activists who lived during the period of ‘reconstruction’ following the end of slavery in the US. He was an important figure in the fight for racial justice and a theorist of race and racism as a social formation. He was particularly interested in the devastating effects that living in segregation has on the souls and consciousness of black people. In his work ‘The Souls of Black Folk’ (1903), Du Bois coined the term ‘double consciousness’ (1903).
Muhammad’s teaching about how the white man had been created led me to findings in genetics by Gregor Mendel” (Malcolm X, 506). It was about black people coming to this country or whether about the oldest black civilization, he read all information and wanted to end this all. Slavery became one of Malcolm X’s favorite discussed topics when he was serving under Mr. Muhammad. Soon, Malcolm X was seen as civil right activist in 1960’s for his people and with the help of Martin Luther King, he supported division instead of alliance and found Black Nation. Malcolm X converted his religion to Sunni Islam in 1964 and changed his name to El-Majj, Malik El Shabazz.
The theme of The Souls of Black Folk and the three articles is race. The articles that I will be discussing are, Color complex, Rock My Soul: Black People and Self-esteem by Bell Hooks, and, Post Black: How a Generation is Redefining African American Identity by Ytasha Womack. The summary of The Souls of Black Folk is an energetic and smooth self-portrayal of W. E. B. Du Bois. This book recounts the biography of an individual, W. E. B.
At the University, he is the director of the Center for the Study of the American South while specializing in the Antebellum American South and the Jacksonian America. His research interests are political, social, and cultural history, which are aligned with the primary elements of this book. Instead of focusing on Andrew Jackson, and how he shaped politics, the book focused on the political arena broadly. Watson described the two major political parties with ease and simplicity, and how they evolved over time. Watson defined the Democrat and Whig parties’ platforms, policies, and aimed
Everyone has an opinion on if education is important, and if it goes hand in hand with freedom. Fredrick Douglass also had a strong opinion. Fredrick Douglass was an illiterate slave in the mid 1800’s, but after becoming literate, he used his education to achieve freedom. In the novel, Narrative of the Life of Fredrick Douglass, the author, Fredrick Douglass, believed that education is the key to freedom. Douglass first demonstrates this when he first found access to a book named “The Columbian Orator”, used in American schoolrooms in the first quarter of the nineteenth century to teach reading and speaking , and later when he used his education to achieve freedom.