1. Introduction The complete blood count is a blood test that is used by doctors or medical professionals to get information about different parts of your blood cells and check if they remain within the normal range. Generally, blood is divided into red blood cell (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes), and platelets. The main areas of interest in complete blood count to detect whether there is a decrease in the normal count or if the patients have a certain disease which in turn are useful to know as they affect the body’s normal homeostasis. 2.
The loose blood clots can block the artery in the heart and become pulmonary embolism (PE). A pulmonary embolism is dangerous conditions that can lead to fatal because of blood supplies from the heart to the other parts of the body are failed. DISEASE CLASSIFICATION Deep vein thrombosis can be classified to three categories which is idiopathic, acute and chronic. Idiopathic deep vein thrombosis can characterized with usual condition acquired risk factors, such as obesity, trauma, cancer, or surgery. Acute deep vein thrombosis can be seen by pain and swelling.
OPERATIOINAL DEFINITION OF TERM Etiology: The science of the cause of disease Nosocomial: Pertaining to, or acquired in hospital. Infection: Invasion and multiplication of micro-organisms in body tissues, especially that causing local cellular injury due to competitive metabolism, toxins, intracellular replication or antigen-antibody response. Patient: A person who is ill or is undergoing treatment for a health care
Computerized tomography (CT) scan combines X-ray images taken from many different directions into cross-sectional views of internal organs. CT scans can provide detailed information about the structures within the heart and lungs. 4.3.2 Lab tests. A test using blood from an artery in your wrist can measure oxygen level. ABGs showed a normal or decreased PaCo2 despite severe dyspnea and hypoxemia.
In certain cases, medical teams will be attach catheter into the urine bag. When necessary, is done filming the structure of kidney with CT (computed tomography) scans or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans and biopsies, that kidney tissue sampling. Causes Of Kidney Failure Diseases of the kidney failure is usually due to some serious disease that progressively damages organs that have an impact on sized in length ranging from 10-13 centimeters and a thickness 5 – 7.5 centimetres. There are several types of illnesses that can affect kidney damage, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, and blockage of the urinary tract. Diseases of the urinary tract blockages such as stones, tumors, and also causes narrowing of the kidney failure.
Overall, researchers have found similar effects to other places it comes in contact with, some being fever, nausea, and fatigue. When it comes in contact with our bloodstream it can cause symptoms; such as, chills, confusion, and hallucination. This bacteria may cause pneumonia if it gets severe, which includes symptoms as difficulty breathing and cough with bloody mucus. Having a urinary tract can be painful, and leads to an urge to urinate frequently and bloody urine. Ear infection causes hearing loss and disorientation.
In addition, it is used as an alternative to a biopsy to determine how far a disease has spread (Galotti, 2008; Posner & Raichle, 1994). Several disadvantages of PET scans are they are expensive for persons who may be at a lower income bracket. Also, the active components used in PET imaging will not persist for long periods in a patient’s body, thus indicating that there is a limited amount of time a patient can undergo this procedure. It is said to be a severe treatment to receive, as PET scans are not offered in the majority of medical centers across the world (Galotti, 2008; Posner & Raichle,
It spreads to the uterus, fallopian tubes which then gets to the ovaries. In the pelvis, it affects your bladder and some other areas of the abdominal walls. The spleen, gallbladder, stomach, nasal mucosa, spinal canal, lungs, breast, diaphragm, pleura, and pericardium are sites that are more distant away from the main sites. Regardless of how far the site may be it can still be affected by the lesions or “chocolate” cyst. In the stages of endometriosis you can experience different types of effects and stages.
Paints often develop difficulty breathing, cough, and wheezing. The pancreas is also frequently damaged in cystic fibrosis, which leads to recurrent pancreatitis, abdominal pain, diabetes, and malabsorption of nutrients. Patients that do not receive treatment typically progress and develop end-stage lung and pancreatic disease that may require organ transplantation. Due to the importance of this condition,
3-CT It is radiological exam that uses x-ray tube to produce cross sectional images of the body by rotating around it and detecting the radiation coming out of it. This modality able to provide internal soft tissue details so it asses to reveal if any lymph node or organ are enlarged. CT are helpful in looking for any lymph in abdomen, pelvis, chest, head, and neck(2). and hepatosplenomegaly, or filling defects in the liver and spleen. CT is used for initial staging, assessing response to therapy , and for follow-up.
However, some doctors consider infections of the urethra and prostate to be lower (Iman, 2016). Upper UTIs usually consist of diseases of the ureters, renal pelvis, and interstitium. The differences are that upper infections can lead to kidney failure, and lower UTIs result in necrosis. E. Coli and Staphylococcus cause the lower infections, whereas the upper infections are usually due to Proteus, E. Coli, and Pseudomonas. Lower UTIs have symptoms frequency, urgency, dysuria, back pain, hematuria, cloudy urine, and flank pain, whereas upper infections have signs of frequency, urgency, dysuria, costovertebral tenderness, and hypertension (Huether, 2012, p.
With attention to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, Crohn’s disease is one of the many common cases. Crohn’s disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disorder that both men and woman are equally susceptible too. This disease is often confused with other gastrointestinal disorders with similar symptoms. With this disease being a part of the GI tract, there are many signs that can lead up to Crohn’s. An individual with Crohn’s disease could have been obtained through genetics or the environment, which could lead to many other complications that can affect the entire digestive tract.
However, it is likely due to an abnormal response of the immune system. Food or bacteria in the intestines, or even the lining of the bowel may cause the uncontrolled inflammation associated with Crohn 's disease. Signs and Symptoms: The symptoms of Crohn 's disease depend on where the disease occurs in the bowel and its severity. These are some symptom examples Chronic diarrhea, often bloody and containing mucus or pus Weight loss Fever Abdominal pain and tenderness Feeling of a mass or fullness in the abdomen Rectal bleeding