Coastal current generally flow parallel to the coastline (Mohd-Nasir and Meged, 1996). The current flows to southward during the northeast and to northward during the southwest monsoons respectively (Mohd-Nasir and Camerlengo, 1997). Generally, during the Southwest Monsoon (Figure 2.8a), water moves in a clockwise circulation over the sea. On the east coast of Pahang, water moves towards the north and then deflect to the right on the northern part of the
Its drainage basin is covers about 11 countries. It serves as water source of Egypt and Sudan. It is said to be having two major tributaries (Blue Nile and White Nile) • Congo river Congo river is said to be the world’s deepest river of about 220m It is the ninth longest river and its drainage basin covers about 4 014 500 km2. • Zambezi river This is the world’s fourth longest river. It flows eastwards towards Indian ocean, from Africa.
INTRODUCTION 1. STROMWATER DRAINAGE Adequate stormwater drainage is very essential in the modern infrastructure of the city since it effects the roadway serviceability and usable life. If stormwater logging at the some critical low lying areas occurs Hydroplaning becomes an important safety concern. Stormwater drainage design for the peak rainy days involves providing facility that collect, transport and remove stormwater from the low lying critical areas of Surat city. The design must also consider the stormwater reaching in the lower critical level areas through natural stream flow on manmade ditches.
It is then necessary to start focusing on how weirs impact the geomorphology of rivers. Weirs differ from large dams in the sense that weirs allow water to flow freely over the crest of the structure, whereas large dams maintain water levels upstream of the dam below the crest of the dam. This difference, coupled with the fact that, unlike large dams, weirs tend to be constructed in lowland areas as opposed to upland areas, makes it possible then that their geomorphic effects on rivers also differs from those of large dams (Thoms & Walker, 1993). Therefore, using studies performed on large dams in order to understand the effects of weirs might prove to be
Ambarnath, Kulgaon-Badalapur, Matheran, Karjat, Panvel, Khopoli, Pen, Uran, and Alibaug, along with more than 1,000 villages in Thane and Raigad Districts. MMRDA is responsible for the balanced development of the MMR Wetlands are a critical environmental resource that function as wild life habitat andprovide various ecosystem services. Wetlands, including mangroves, tidal flats and salt pans cover about 8.3% (350 km2) of MMR. The MMR has a large number of coastal and marine ecosystems representing different habitats such as estuaries, salt marshes, bays, creeks, sandy beaches, mud flats, marshes and mangrove forests that support a rich biodiversity. The shoreline is dominated by rocky coastal habitats between the high and low tide limits and estuarine habitats along the estuaries.
The four significant factors upsetting load forecast are: Weather Influence: Electrical load has an obvious correlation to weather. Much effort has been spent to find a viable relationship between the weather and the load so that an accurate load model could be developed. The change of the weather causes the change of consumers comfort feeling and in turn the usage of some appliances such as space heater, water heater and air conditioner. Weather-sensitive load also includes appliance of agricultural irrigation due to the need of the cultivated plants. In the areas where summer and winter have great meteorological difference, the load patterns differ greatly The most important weather variables in load changes are – I.
HISTORY: Ravi River, the smallest river of the river Indus system was one of the rivers that were given to India when the Indus Water Treaty was signed. Rabi River is one of the five streams of river Indus that has lead to the name of the province Punjab (meaning “Five Rivers”). It is situated in the northwestern part of India and north eastern part of Pakistan. River Ravi arises from the Himalyas in Himachal Pradesh state, India and moves through west-northwest Chamba, going round southwest at the borders of Jammu And Kashmir State. The river then Proceeds towards the Pakistani border and onwards for around 80km prior to entry in the Pakistan’s province Punjab.
Bangladesh is an agriculture-based country where better parts of its total people are directly or indirectly connected wide range of agricultural activities. Rainfall is the most important natural catalyst that determines the agricultural production in Bangladesh. The productiveness of farmland as well as the firmness of land resources depends heavily upon the rainfall. The variability of rainfall and the extreme high or low precipitations are very important for the agricultural production as well as the economical growth of the country. It is well known that the rainfall is changing globally; and the regional scales due to global warming .The climate on earth primarily influenced by monsoon and also partly by pre-monsoon and post-monsoon and winter
The Langat River has total catchment area of approximately 1815 km2. It lies within latitudes 2° 40M 152’’’ N to 3°16’M 15’’ and longitudes 101° 19’M 20’’’ E to 102° 1M 10’’ E. The catchment is illustrated in Figure 1. The main river course length is about 141 km mostly situated around 40 km east of Kuala Lumpur. The river flows from the highest peak of 1493 meter of Gunung Nuang across Langat Basin to Kuala Langat. The Langat River has several tributes with the principal ones being of Semenyih River, the Lui River and the Beranang River Langat Basin is an important water catchment area providing raw water supply and other amenities to approximately 1.2 million people within the basin.