Rajni Kothari: The Nature Of Relationship Between Caste And Politics

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Rajni Kothari (1970)(67) studied the nature of relationship between caste and politics. Rajni Kothari has also examined the type of changes that have taken place in the political system as a result of the involvement of caste organization. Caste has three important indigenous elements -secular which refers to relevance of caste in politics in terms of the relations within and between castes. Integrative which refers to castes being relevant to politics through differentiation and integration and ideological which is heightened by its value structure. According to M.N Srinivas (1982)(68) the role played by caste in politics is in close approximation to that of the pressure group. The modernizing forces will however reduce the influence of caste over…show more content…
The analysis of Dominant Caste and political process by Anil Bhatt(69) reveals the crucial role played by castes in politics and awareness of the lower castes of their political gains. He found that the higher caste groups had lower political interest and low castes higher political interests. Political awareness was high among the higher castes and was low among the lower castes. Lower castes by organizing themselves in pursuit of collective interest were able to emerge successfully. The involvement of these castes organization in politics has changed their position in hierarchical pattern of Hindu society. Caste solidarity and political power helped them to achieve higher social, economic and political success. This was highlighted by the studies conducted by Rudolf and Rudolf. The same was highlighted by Andre Beteille 's(70) in his study of Tanjore district in Tamil Nadu. Caste has become one of the most formidable element of group formation within political parties in India. The patronage and pecuniary resources available to the

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