2. He asserts that personal identity is not what matters for the survival of the self. 3. He claims that it is Relation R or connectedness that matters for the survival of the self. (Johnson, 2007, p.2) Throughout his essay, Parfit relies on the results of certain thought experiments particularly ones put forward by fellow moral philosopher, metaphysician and philosophical logician David Wiggins.
Therefore, finding an explanation through psychology, for the different specific reactions that human beings exhibit is important. Social psychology is an important sector of psychology that takes interpersonal relationships into consideration. Over the years, many theories have been developed to aid in explaining human behavior, especially ones that administer social experiences. The main focus of this assignment is the analysis of the cognitive dissonance theory in social psychology. Cognitive dissonance theory attempts to explain the human behavior through cognition, in which individuals always look for stability in their attitudes and behaviors (Festinger, 1985).
Different things require a specific criteria for determining its self and personal identity. Hume explores the conception of personal identity, memory, and cause and effect. He explains the reasoning why we relate objects to certain conceptions as well as to why we think causes are linked to effects. Also, Hume does not agree with Locke’s theory about experiences determining your self and personal identity. I personally do agree with Locke’s theory because I have had some experiences in my life that I believe have shaped my true self and personal identity.
Personality theory Introduction Personality is the way we behave in certain situations; our actions, and attitudes towards these situations. Personality is also the most important factor in individual uniqueness shaped by culture and past experiences. It is the consistency and the distinctiveness of our behavioural traits. In psychology, five factors can help verify ones personality type. They are openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, neuroticism, and agreeableness.
Personality is a broad and multidimensional concept therefore it is differentlydefined by various psychologists. Some psychologists use this term to describe individual differences regarding emotional, social and intellectual functioning. While some other just focus on social and emotive characteristics of individuals (Malim, Birch, Hayward, &Wadeley, 1998). Pervin, Cervone, and John (2005) define personality as characteristics that refer to consistent patterns of feeling, thinking and behaving. The definition broadly addresses different aspects of person and explains regularities in feelings, thoughts and behavioral patterns.
Berzonksy (1988) argues that within the identity types that Marcia (1966) has put forward, there are different identity processing styles which help construct an individual’s sense of identity. These include informational, normative and diffuse avoidant. Those with an informational identity processing style actively seek out and explore identity options and are willing to change aspects of their identity when given feedback about themselves. Berzonksy & Cieciuch (2016) argue that an informational processing style is associated with a positive psychological well being. Those with an informational style tend to be associated with self awareness, being open minded, rational reasoning and self discipline, amongst other characteristics (Berzonsky 1992).
- Rabindranath Tagore , The Sunset Of The Century In Tagore’s novel, The Home And The World, there is a strong criticism of nationalism by taking the view point of the three main characters: Nikhil, Bimala and Sandip. Each have a separate idea about nationalism and the characters build according to those notions. The use of multiple atmakathas or first narratives the author provides
Leary, Wheeler and Jenkins (1986) conducted two studies to examine the relationship between an individual’s salient aspects of identity, and behavioral preferences. Both social and personal aspects of identities were considered for the purpose of these studies. According to Cheeks and Briggs (1982), the characteristics that form a person’s identity can be dichotomized into social and personal elements. Personal elements are those components of one’s self-definition that uniquely “belong” to an individual. These may include one’s beliefs, goals, abilities, and feelings, among other things.
Reflected appraisal is the most important process because of its emphasis within symbolic interaction theory. The reflected appraisals process states that we come to see ourselves and to evaluate ourselves as we think others evaluate us. Social comparison is the second process important to the development of self-esteem. This is a process in which individuals assess their own abilities and virtues by comparing them to those of others. The process involves self-attributions which refers to the tendency to make inferences about ourselves from direct from direct observation of our behaviour and its consequences.
Self-awareness not only enables our self-reflection, but also motivates us to be a better person. Keywords: self-concept formation, introspection, the looking glass self, social comparison, self-perception, impression management, self-awareness, self-reflection, standard, self-deception, WHAT MAKES YOU WHO YOU ARE People are curious about themselves, especially psychologists. They offered many psychological concepts for us to understand the concept of self. In this essay, it discusses