Autonomy and individualism are given preference by the transcendentalists. Disappointment, discontent and distress affected the writers of Realism after the industrial revolution in America. Modernism can be considered as a branch of realism in American literature which has motivated the writers to go ahead with a new and novel style. This movement was initiated with the hope to change the mind-set of the
He uses this advanced syntax in order to give his sentences an air of sophistication, making him sound educated and intelligent. Ralph Waldo Emerson, a philosopher during the early 1800’s in America, wrote Self-Reliance, an essay about the importance of the individual, and relying one’s own thoughts and impressions. He emphasizes the importance of thinking for yourself, not relying on others to think for you. Rhetorical strategies, like figurative language, allusions, and elaborate syntax and parallelism, allow Emerson
Leaving behind the overused themes of the Romantic period, authors from the 1860s to the early 1900s created a fresh style of writing to depict new changes in America after the Civil War. In Mark Twain’s short story, “The Diary of Adam and Eve”, he exhibits elements
Modernism is a movement that arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Modernism rejected the certainty of Enlightenment thinking. Modernist poetry refers to poetry written, mainly in Europe and North America, between 1890 and 1950 in the tradition of modernist literature. It is characterized by a self-conscious break with traditional styles of poetry and verse. Modernists experimented with literary expression and form, stick to Ezra Pound 's maxim to “Make it new”.
This excerpt highlights the second influence on the mind, learning from the past, and more importantly the influence of books. He says that books contain ideals and memories of the past, and these books change the basis of truth. The truth is biased and tainted by society, and this represents one of the basic tenets of Transcendentalism, that man and nature are inherently good while society corrupts the purity of an individual. The purity being individualized truths. Emerson’s respect for individual thought and truth is inspiring.
As the world went into Anthropocene, the disscussion of the relationship between human and natural became more frequnt than in before. Human being and the inviroment are not isolation based on the theory of Anthropocene, ont he opposite, they art related and effect each other. Mmany authors write literature article based on this new-coming topic, and showed their special undestanding towards it. For example, the novel that written by Lester Rowntree nanmed as “Collecting Myself” is one of these articles. When first get in touch with this essay, the topic became a hook for audiences.
It might have been through this abstract literary and intellectual movements that radical plans rise from, furthermore these thoughts offered route to the age of revolutions, including American and the French Revolutions, which transformed the entire fabric of Western society. Throughout this period, there flourished both idealistic and negative plans concerning what upcoming day of humankind. In reaction to classical values of order, regularity and objectivity, the Romantic Movement laid stress on the passionate manifestations of articulation. “The “Romantic” refus[ed] to recognize the restraints in subject matter or form, and…represent[ed] the abnormal, grotesque, and monstrous…modes of expression” (Perkins, 1967,p.2) English Romantic writers in building and also reacting against the mind of their progenitors broke for significant patterns and viewed themselves as visionaries for the capacity to search past in the normal done life, and with consider man’s extreme plan in an dubious universe. The principal era of Romantics like William Blake, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge hesitated in
The Age of Enlightenment was the time period when many people started to think in a new and unique ways. The Enlightenment grew from the earlier scientific revolution. Many of the developed ideas and thoughts during the Enlightenment changed the ideas of Europe during the 18th century, and even many modern societies were influenced by them. It mainly influenced three things, the politics or government, society or culture, and economy. It inspired the creation of the world’s first great democracy.
Nietzsche’s exposition of The Will to Power and Superman Substantiate that a man should strive for the higher self and find the essence of existence without merging it with moral values. The protagonists of Crime and Punishment (1866) and The White Tiger (2008) represent Nietzsche’s Ubermensch. The most striking similarity between Raskolnikov and Balram is their idea of the extraordinary man, the over human. Both committed crime as a means towards becoming Superman. Both characters’ ‘sense of self’ begs comparison between them.
In the 19th century two significant different genres in American literature emerged: Transcendentalism and Dark Romanticism/Anti-transcendentalism. Towards the middle of the 19th century, the Transcendentalism movement became significant in literature. Thus, as a reaction to the widespread movement, Dark Romanticism was founded. Transcendentalism was based on logical thinking and human’s consciousness, whereas, Dark Romanticism was different in many aspects. Transcendentalism emphasizes the power of one’s intuition and has a positive and educational tone, while Dark Romanticism has a more pessimistic and dark tone.