It was also a precedence for countries who feel they have laws in place that are unjust. It shows that the people of a country can work together to defy laws that takes away a simple freedom such as collecting salt from their own ocean. Beyond Gandhi’s work, are the people in society that he influenced. His work was big enough to have an impact on people across the globe, and helped them begin civil rights movements of their own. Like the domino effect, Gandhi’s principles started in South Africa/India and then affected the entire world.
Oppression is often portrayed in a negative light. Those who fight oppression are frequently regarded as heroes. The opposite is true for Alan Moore and David Lloyd’s book, V for Vendetta. V for Vendetta totes a mysterious character who goes by the alias of V. V is a villain who will stop at nothing to achieve his end goal: freeing England from the Norsefire regime. Many would see V as a hero due to the fact that he is trying to free a country and its civilians from an oppressive government.
This is where he becomes famous for separating ethics and politics. We find traces of his philosophy in modern politics by how people running for seats of power make many promises in their campaign and once the people elect them, they may fall short in accomplishing their promises. Where Machiavelli mentioned using cruelty, one can say this applied to the rise of Hitler’s reign by how he punished the Jew’s and other minorities all the while maintaining a merciful appearance for those who supported
From the beginning, Robespierre followed the ideology of Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Andress 105). It was not uncommon for political leaders of the Revolution to follow the philosophies of the Enlightenment thinkers; therefore, his political notions were not so far-flung and radical for the time. Robespierre worked alongside the republic’s government and used this opportunity to influence decisions made regarding the public. He would speak of his need for the extreme measures that took as well as voice the fears of his people, including starvation, death, and the degradation of the nation (Andress 103). The government was also known to be violent from time to time, which influenced the ruler to use terrorism as a means of gaining power (Andress 105).
Ancient literature serves as a revolutionary inspiration for modern civilization. Consider the play “Antigone” by Sophocles, Antigone is a symbol of justice and sacrifice towards the minority, and a symbol of chaos and destruction towards the government. Presently, it is believed that books or plays like these (about revolution) have been banned in fear of people starting their own revolutions. For example, in Thailand people have been arrested for doing the three fingered salute from the book, The Hunger Games. Do not be blind to the effects of what a few pages can actually cause.
In the United States, specific groups, such as the KKK, were responsible for the injustice of nonwhite people. However in South Africa, the oppression was a legal problem and was run by the government. Malcolm X had to stand up for what he believed against a large and powerful group of people while Nelson Mandela had to defy the entire South African government to make a change. Without these men taking a stand, the world would not be how it is today. Both men did the impossible and fought against their societies for freedom of blacks and all
This excerpt highlights the second influence on the mind, learning from the past, and more importantly the influence of books. He says that books contain ideals and memories of the past, and these books change the basis of truth. The truth is biased and tainted by society, and this represents one of the basic tenets of Transcendentalism, that man and nature are inherently good while society corrupts the purity of an individual. The purity being individualized truths. Emerson’s respect for individual thought and truth is inspiring.
He believed that not any situation should have violence. For example, he did not use violence even when the police arrested him for no reason. Also, when he was attacked by a mob of white people in Durban, he did not want to press charges against the mob of people. He said “it was one of his principles, not to seek redress the world no matter the risks and consequences of his actions”. Even though he had some injuries he still did not want to press charges, which revealed Gandhi really did not like violence and he would do anything to display to the people that you can solve differences without violence.
He is willing to do anything to try to protect his ideals, even if that requires him to kill a man. The violent act does nothing though, as it becomes evident that people have accepted the Western lifestyle against Okonkwo’s desire: “He knew that Umuofia that would not go to war. He knew because they let the other messengers escape,” (Achebe 189). If the population had not let the other messengers escape, then it would mean that they did not prefer to be Christians and preferred to have control over the land again, instead of the British government having control. That was not the case which means that they had accepted the newly introduced ideals
Martin Luther King strongly favored a nonviolence system to gain equality. He states in The Power of Non-violence, “nonviolent resister does not seek to humiliate or defeat the opponent but to win his friendship and understanding.”16 Indicating that a nonviolent technique objective was to unify and earn fairness without hurting the enemy. In opposing Malcom X strongly supported violence. In A Declaration of Independence by Malcolm X he says, “We should be peaceful, law-abiding but the time has come for the American Negro to fight back in self-defense whenever and wherever he is unjustly and unlawfully attacked.”17 Malcolm X encouraged African Americans to fight back regardless of the situation when we are
He continues on with saying how religion is an obligation given to every man to respectfully pay homage to his creator, and man cannot be a member of civil society without it, but if the General Authority imposes his religious beliefs in civil society he shall live in a state of reservation. Additionally, Madison recognizes that even if this Bill were the want of the majority, that it would crush the want of the minority. He also strongly believed in the legislative’s body removal from all religious mandates, claiming that to have a free government you must preserve the separation of power and each branch must never cross the line which over step’s the individual rights of the people and that previous rulers that have
Thomas Jefferson’s legacy shaped the foundation of America today, his ideas on the limiting federal government, the separation of church and state, and the utmost importance of an individual 's personal rights. Limiting help to control potential abuses by the people in power over the citizens who elected them. His influence on limiting the federal government has prevented many crisis’ that have affected other democracies. Furthermore, his beliefs of separation of church and state helped to advance society by keeping the United States of America from becoming a theocracy. Arguably Thomas Jefferson’s biggest accomplishment comes from his incredibly strong and influential effort to further advance the personal rights of each and every citizen.
Voltaire is most known for his philosophical ideas including, freedom of speech, love truth and pardon error, God is necessary for governments, the process of thinking logically, and the idea that we are all equal, but virtue separates us. Voltaire knew that it was dangerous to be right when the government was wrong, but governments need to permit freedom of speech among the people. This is, because the people of a country need to the government know when there needs to be a governmental change. François believed that virtue separates us from others, and so we are differentiated by how we treat one another. François Marie Arouet was sent to Tulle in 1715, and imprisoned twice, in 1717 and 1726.
When South Carolina nullified the “Tariff of Abomination”, Jackson was furious. He was a strict interpreter of the Constitution and its interpretations by the Supreme Court. And due to the Supreme Court’s ruling that federal law is more supreme than state law, Jackson believed that nullification was unconstitutional and illegal. Due to his capture during the American Revolution and his mistreatment by the British, he was very pro american and in turn was a strict enforcer of the Constitution, which is what makes up America. So anything that would go against it, especially a state ignoring it, would make him react in ways most would consider aggressive, such as mobilizing the army.