Although when workers are laid off they are supposed to receive compensation, millions of workers either received no compensation due to corruption from top level officials or minimal compensation (600 yuan) for their services. As a result, with subsides, sometimes lower than minimum wage, individuals had to look for work elsewhere to support themselves and their families. Furthermore, across all of China, it is estimated 70 million peasants lost their land due to seizures and is the reason for peasant pauperization (Pai 27). The rest of the land was redistributed among the peasants. However, farming on a bit more than an acre was not adequate to provide for an average household of four.
Lalvani says that the British helped preserve the environment and animals by opening up parks. However, the British actually cut down forests, causing a lack of water and therefore making the soil high in salt (Doc #7). The soil now was unfit for growing food and, without money to purchase food, Indians starved. Furthermore, Lalvani also claims that both nations benefited from trade links. But, Gandhi says, “British factories make the cloth that make our poverty.” Fabric sold from Bengal to the British dropped from 2 thousand to about 304 when the British could make their own and sell it for cheaper (Doc #6).
After his death, Deng Xiaoping decided that the population would have to be curbed if China wanted to achieve economic growth.  The One Child Policy is basically where in most circumstances, people are only allowed to have one child. There are exceptions that allow people to have more than one child, including the first child being unable to work because of a non-hereditary disease, both parents being only children, farmers who are poor and depend on children to help them, and people who are an ethnic minority.  Negative Impacts Although the One Child Policy has achieved its main goal of curbing the population, it has come under fire for being a
Mr. Rao became the ruler after the Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated, Mr. Rao soon after had to tell his counsel that India was broke and that the banks were no longer loaning money. As a result reform were put to swift practice first starting with devaluing India’s currency, lifting long-standing restrictions on import and to make many structural reforms to help encourage exports. India introduced a new reform each week and opened banking, airlines and oil to private investors. During 1991 the Indian government abolished the office that controlled stock market pricing and let investment banks offer a fair price. As much as Inia was growing they could not keep up with China so India began sending government officials to China to find inspiration.
Young, Ralph F. Dissent in America. New York: Pearson/Longman,
Jeffrey A. Becker and Nicola Terrenato. eds. Roman Republican Villas: Architecture, Context, and Ideology (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2012). 9. Lisa C. Nevett, Domestic space in Classical Antiquity (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010).
Mao noticed that China was industrially lagging behind countries like the Soviet Union and the United States and was also heavily dependent on resources from the Soviet Union. This was the challenge that Mao wanted to fix and so he established the Great Leap Forward (GLF) and the 5 year plans. In the Great Leap Forward, Mao mobilized the entire nation to grow crops at an increased rate and make steel in order to industrialize China. However, the GLF is an example of an economic policy that Mao initiated that was not successful in ending the challenges that Mao noticed. This is because the GLF led to neglected crops and no food left in China as all of it was being shipped out of the country.
However, it was suspended due to the “Cultural Revolution” (Béland & Yu, 2004), which was a social-political movement that emphasis on cleansing the remnants of capitalist, traditional and cultural elements in order to reinforce the Mao’s ideology as an orthodoxy in the Communist Party and Chinese society. The pension system was established again after 1978, but it was a fragmented system that only a few people benefited from, such as civil servants and employees of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) (West, 1999). Thus, the majority of older adults had to rely on support from their families and typically their
“People normally have no idea about exactly when the demolition and relocation will commence even if they have ben informed of the regeneration plan from various channels.” (He and Wu, 2005;16) Because of this unbalanced power structure, and the constant clash between urban residents and government removal processes. Urban regeneration has become on of the most investigated issues in China. Bringing national and international media attention. That constantly accuses China for unfair compensation and the displacement of residents and low levels of public involvement and decision making in the process of urban regeneration plans. Although many policies have been set in motion to fix issues like these, there is still a uncertainty to its success.
Population is a prominent problem in China, creating great pressure on economic development and environmental protection. Since the 1970s, Chinese government has pushed forward a family planning program aimed at greatly reducing this population pressure. Moreover, the Chinese population is unevenly distributed. The east is densely populated, while the west sparsely populated; the plains are densely populated , but the mountainous areas and plateaus are sparsely