Based on the previous results, the hypothesis was confirmed. These data also agree with the theory stating that the larger the surface area of a reactant, the faster the reaction. A larger surface area indicates that a bigger quantity of particles are brought into contact with the other reactant, this increases the probability of collisions between the particles leading to a faster
Substrate concentration basically means the amount used for the substrate. The substrate in our experiment was 0.1% hydrogen peroxide. The 0.1% is the concentration amount. Just like temperature and pH, substrate concentration can speed the reaction only up to a certain limit. When we mixed pH 3 enzyme tube with substrate tube, we used 0.3 mL of hydrogen peroxide, but if we were to increase the amount, then the experiment would have been faster.
Fig. 6 (a) shows the effect of hydrogen peroxide increase on the MB removal at constant pH 3 and Fe3+ of 40 mg/L. The results show that the degradation rate of MB increases with an increase in initial H2O2 concentration from 100 to 400 mg/L, but in excess of about 400 mg/L; the H2O2 dose of 1000 mg/L, plot of the reaction rate curve is almost horizontal. This could be illustrated that the presence of H2O2 beyond the ratio with Fe3+ does not improve the MB degradation. According to Murry and Parson (2004) hydrogen
This caused the precipitate amount to increase slightly but not as much as it could’ve if the salting out effect was used. The recovered benzoic acid’s boiling point was within the accepted range of 120C; meaning that the recovered compound was
The dependent variable is the rate of decomposition of water which is measured by the volume of hydrogen gas and oxygen gas in cm3 The independent variable is the voltage here as I increase it from 9-14 Room temperature was 24 rtp and I carried out the whole experiment in the same room. If the temperature increases the rate of electrolysis will increase. The concentration of the sulphuric acid which is 0.02 M. If I increase the concentration of sulfuric it would’ve been the decomposition of sulfuric acid not water because we just need some ions in the pure water so the ions can move to the electrodes. An increase in concentration will increase the rate of decomposition. The socket that was the power supply was plugged in was 220-240 volts and same socket was used throughout the whole experiment Time is one of the major factors the time that was used is 35 minutes and if I increase the time the rate of decomposition is going to increase which means a greater volume of oxygen and hydrogen.
But the difference was no bigger than 0.08, and after the values were rounded the same empirical formula was deduced. So the experiment can be concluded as successful. Evaluation: The method used was simple and easy to follow; however, it did not include how much oxygen was needed to react completely. Also it didn 't mention what magnesium oxide looked like after it finished reacting, so it was a guesswork of determining whether the reaction was finished or not. The data was handled accurately, values clearly labeled and calculated in the correct procedure.
Objective: I will be combining calcium carbonate with hydrochloric acid as a case study to measure the rate of chemical reaction. This gives us the equation CaCO3 + 2HCl H2O + CaCl2 + CO2 Background Information: Several factors are already known which increase (or decrease) the rate of reaction. An increase in concentration of the acid allows for a greater number of hydrochloric acid molecules colliding into those of calcium carbonate. Although not every single particle would result in a successful reaction, increasing the number of particles will increase the total number of reactions. Another method is to increase the surface area of the solute.
Dosage for adults is initially 25mg thrice daily which can be increased upto 150mg daily in divided doses. For elderly population, 10mg three times a day is sufficient. Imipramine inhibits noradrenaline reuptake to a lesser extent and thus is less sedative than amitryptiline. Dosage is 25mg thrice daily upto 100mg thrice daily. Doxepin inhibits reuptake of monoamines at central synapse.
Chloroacetic acid (0.5 g, 5. 28 mmol), 5-aminotetrazole monohydrate (0.45 g, 5. 28 mmol), and sodium hydroxide (0.59 g, 10.57 mmol) in 10 ml of water was refluxed 20 hr, cooled, and made strongly acidic with concentrated hydrochloric acid. The mixture was cooled overnight and precipitate was separated to give 0.28 g a white solid product at 45.41% yield. (5-Amino-tetrazol-1-yl)-acetic acid: Yield: 45.41%; white crystals; m.p 210-213°C; IR (KBr): 3388, 3315, 3270, 3205, 3010, 2976, 1697, 1638, 1586, 1496, 1257 cm-1; 13C NMR (75 MHz (DMSO-d6)): 168, 156,
The graph displays a negatively skewed trend, which suggests that the hypothesis was not supported. This is because the greatest percentage of caffeine (100%) did not result in the greatest reaction time, as predicted. The subjects who drank a 50% caffeinated beverage had the fastest reaction rate, taking an average of 0.39478 seconds to react. Comparatively, the subjects that drank the 100% caffeinated beverage had a slower average reaction time of 0.45917 seconds, taking longer to react. The subjects who were not exposed to any caffeine (0%) had a reaction time of 0.47293 seconds.