Efficiency Ratios The efficiency ratio is used to measure how the company uses its assets and liabilities internally, these ratios to measure the performance in short term. • Accounts Receivable Turnover This ratio used to measure the firm's effectiveness in extending credit and in collecting debts. The receivables turnover ratio is an activity ratio measuring how successfully a In collecting its AR during the year, if the company has AR turnover 2 that means the AR turned over two times during the year. Accounts Receivable Turnover= Credit sales AR average (assume that 75% sales are credit) AVON= 9.1 ULTA= 41.1 REVLON= 4.12 • Fixed Asset Turnover, Reflecting how efficiently a company has used its assets to generate revenue, a higher ratio indicate of greater efficiency in managing and investing fixed-asset. Fixed Asset Turnover= Net sales/ net assets EVON= 1.63 ULTA= 1.9 REVLON= .77 • Inventory turnover Inventory turnover is a ratio showing how many times a company's inventory is replaced over a specific period of time, the higher ratio the more success is the company in selling its inventory.
Current ratio enables us to examine the liquidity of the business by equating the amount of current assets to current liabilities. Although current ratio fluctuates from industry to industry, is preferred to have at least one dollar of current assets for every dollar of current liabilities. Kohl's has the advantage over J.C Penney, as Kohl's current ratio is 1.87 in comparison to J.C. Penney?s ratio of 1.67. Kohl?s Corporation can pay all of its current liability and still have a positive working capital better than J.C.
pg 17 PART A 1.) SMITHSON PLC Computation of varios ratios for interpretation : i.) Profitability Ratios: Gross Profit Ratio: Formula 2012 2013 Gross profit ×100 Sales 7300 ×100 12500 = 58.40% 7045 ×100 13850 = 50.87% Profit before interest and tax (PBIT): Formula 2012 2013 PBIT ×100 Sales
Current ratio = Current assets/current liabilities = $1,085 million / $450 million = 2.41 2. Total Debt to equity = Total liabilities / Stockholder’s equity Total liabilities for 2009 = $1003 million Stockholder’s equity for 2009 = $1,845 million Ratio of total debt to stockholders’ equity for 2009 = $1,003/$1,845 = 54.36% 3. Gross profit rate = Gross profit / Sales Gross profit for 2009 = $2,362 million Gross margin percentage for 2009 = $2,362 / $3,540 = 66.72% 4. Return on sales = Net income / Sales Net income for 2009 = $272 million Sales for 2009 = $3,540 million Return on sales for 2009 = $272 / $3540 = 7.68% 5. Return on stockholders’ equity = Net income / Average stockholders’ equity Net income for 2009 = $272 million Average stockholders’ equity for 2009 = $1,732 million Return on stockholders’ equity for 2009 = $272 / $1,732 = 15.70% 6.
There are three sources of goodwill of Dollarama Inc. One is the knowledge and business insight. The expertise of workplace and the value of human resource is included under the goodwill factor of the balance sheet. Another is the reputation of the product and brand equity and loyalty. Dollarama is a household name which generates positivity and intern is a factor that is valuable to boost the profit of the company. The last sourse is the economic environment of the company.
Under this type of analysis, a number of ratios used for measuring the meaningful quantitative relationship between the items of financial statements during the particular period. This type of analysis is useful in comparing the performance, efficiency, and profitability of several companies in the same group or divisions in the same company. In order to avoid the limitations of Comparative Statement, this type of analysis is designed. Under this method, financial statements are analyzed to measure the relationship of various figures with some common base. Accordingly, while preparing the Common Size income statement, total sales is taken as a common base and other items are expressed as a percentage of sales.
(Banerjee, 2015) Their results materialize the efficient management of the company, that is, how management has used the resources, provide more complete answers about what is being managed as effectively the company. For these reasons, management should ensure that the behavior of these indices, because while greater your results, the greater the prosperity for it. e) Evaluation of outstanding debt of Bayou Clinic Outstanding debt of Bayou clinic can be assessed through debt ratios. The debt ratio measures the intensity of all the debt of the company in relation to its funding, measures the percentage of total funds provided by creditors. However, Candy must analyze the interest coverage ratio and other ratios.
The audit reports are usually used by shareholders, as they would want to check if the money they have invested is put to good use and also to calculate the amount of dividend they would get if the company were doing well. The management and the board of directors as well would use the information to see how well the company is doing and to know if the firm is free from fraud and is assessed properly. The fourth key committee, which helps the board reach targets, is the remuneration committee, which is headed by Deanna Oppenheimer who is the chair of the remuneration
INTRODUCTION The research work is on competitive advantage, firm performance, value creation and its sustainability. The value of a product or service is the amount of money a particular customer is willing to pay for it (Finch 2008:78). Business performance centers on the use of simple outcome based financial indicators such as sales, growth, return on investment etc. (Yamin, Gunasekarau and Movando 1999:510). Competitive advantage of a firm is the edge that it has over its competitors (Altharti 2012).It is important to state that competitive advantage (CA) cannot be achieved without a business strategy or business model.
Whereas usually two companies merger into one through an M&A deal, divestment results in a separation of a company into several companies. Thus, the divestment deal is considered effective if the value of two companies after the separation is higher than the value of a company before the divestment. Pab < Pa + Pb The research studies if the divestment deals are an effective mean of value creation in real life and is carried out using econometric analysis. The efficiency evaluation of divestments is conducted using an event-study method. Event-study conduction implements a review of a sample of deals.